424B2
Table of Contents

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

 

Title of Each Class of
Securities to be Registered
  Amount
to be
Registered
  Maximum
Offering Price
Per Unit
  Maximum
Aggregate
Offering Price
  Amount of
Registration Fee (1)

5.25% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, par value $0.01 per share

  6,000,000 (2)   $100   $600,000,000   $77,280

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

  6,880,800 (3)       — (4)

 

 

(1) Calculated in accordance with Rule 457(r) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and relates to the Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-188812) filed by the Registrant on May 23, 2013.
(2) Includes 750,000 5.25% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A (the “Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock”) issuable upon exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.
(3) The number of shares of our common stock to be registered is based on the maximum number of shares of our common stock into which 6,000,000 shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock can be converted, which is 1.1468 shares of our common stock per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as described in this prospectus supplement, or a maximum total of 6,880,800 shares of our common stock. Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act, the number of shares of our common stock registered includes an indeterminate number of additional shares of our common stock that may be issued from time to time upon conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as a result of the anti-dilution provisions thereof.
(4) Pursuant to Rule 457(i) under the Securities Act, there is no additional registration fee payable with respect to the shares of our common stock issuable upon conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock because no additional consideration will be received in connection with the exercise of the conversion privilege.


Table of Contents

Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2)
Registration No. 333-188812

 

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT TO

PROSPECTUS DATED MAY 23, 2013

5,250,000 Shares

 

LOGO

American Tower Corporation

5.25% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A

 

 

We are offering 5,250,000 shares of our 5.25% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, par value $0.01 per share (the “Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock”).

Dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be payable on a cumulative basis when, as and if declared by our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) at an annual rate of 5.25% on the liquidation preference of $100.00 per share. We may pay declared dividends in cash or, subject to certain limitations, in shares of our common stock, par value $0.01 per share (our “Common Stock”) or by delivery of any combination of cash and shares of our Common Stock on February 15, May 15, August 15 and November 15 of each year, commencing on August 15, 2014 to, and including, May 15, 2017.

Each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will automatically convert on May 15, 2017, into between 0.9174 and 1.1468 shares of our Common Stock, subject to anti-dilution adjustments. The number of shares of our Common Stock issuable on conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be determined based on the average VWAP (as defined herein) per share of our Common Stock over the 20 consecutive trading day period beginning on, and including, the 22nd scheduled trading day immediately preceding the mandatory conversion date. At any time prior to May 15, 2017, holders may elect to convert each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock into shares of our Common Stock at the minimum conversion rate of 0.9174 shares of our Common Stock per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, subject to anti-dilution adjustments; provided, however, that if holders elect to convert any shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock during a specified period beginning on the effective date of a fundamental change (as defined herein), such shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be converted into shares of our Common Stock at the fundamental change conversion rate (as defined herein), and the holders will also be entitled to receive a fundamental change dividend make-whole amount and accumulated dividend amount (each as defined herein).

Prior to this offering, there has been no public market for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. We intend to apply to have the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock listed on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) under the symbol “AMTPRA,” and we expect trading on the NYSE to begin within the 30-day period after the initial delivery of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. Our Common Stock is listed on the NYSE under the symbol “AMT.” On May 6, 2014, the last reported sale price of our Common Stock on the NYSE was $87.20 per share.

Investing in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock involves risks. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page S-14 and in Part II, Item 1A of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2014.

 

 

 

     Public Offering
Price
     Underwriting
Discount and
Commissions
     Proceeds Before
Expenses to American
Tower Corporation
 

Per Share

   $ 100.00       $ 2.75       $ 97.25   

Total

   $ 525,000,000       $ 14,437,500       $ 510,562,500   

 

 

We have granted the underwriters the option to purchase up to an additional 750,000 shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock from us at the public offering price less the underwriting discounts and commissions within 30 days from the date of this prospectus supplement. See the section of this prospectus supplement entitled “Underwriting (Conflicts of Interest)” beginning on page S-62 of this prospectus supplement.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

The underwriters expect to deliver the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in book-entry form only through the facilities of The Depository Trust Company for the accounts of its participants, including Clearstream Banking, société anonyme, and Euroclear Bank S.A./N.V., as operator of the Euroclear System, against payment on or about May 12, 2014.

 

 

Joint Book-Running Managers

 

Goldman, Sachs & Co.  

BofA Merrill Lynch

 

Barclays

  J.P. Morgan

Senior Co-Managers

 

Citigroup   EA Markets   HSBC   Morgan Stanley
RBC Capital Markets   RBS   Santander   TD Securities

 

 

The date of this prospectus supplement is May 6, 2014.


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Prospectus Supplement   

About this Prospectus Supplement

     S-ii   

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

     S-ii   

Market and Industry Data

     S-iii   

Prospectus Supplement Summary

     S-1   

Selected Historical Consolidated Financial Data

     S-11   

Ratio of Earnings to Combined Fixed Charges and Preferred Stock Dividends

     S-13   

Risk Factors

     S-14   

Use of Proceeds

     S-21   

Capitalization

     S-22   

Price Range of Common Stock and Dividend Policy

     S-24   

Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock

     S-25   

Description of Common Stock

     S-50   

Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock

     S-57   

Underwriting (Conflicts of Interest)

     S-62   

Legal Matters

     S-67   

Experts

     S-67   

Where You Can Find More Information

     S-68   
Prospectus   

About This Prospectus

     1   

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

     1   

American Tower Corporation

     3   

Risk Factors

     3   

Use of Proceeds

     4   

Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges

     4   

Description of Securities

     5   

Description of Common Stock

     5   

Description of Preferred Stock

     11   

Description of Debt Securities

     12   

Description of Depositary Shares

     23   

Description of Warrants

     23   

Description of Purchase Contracts

     24   

Description of Units

     24   

Legal Ownership

     25   

Plan of Distribution

     26   

Federal Income Tax Considerations Related to Our Qualification and Taxation as a REIT

     28   

Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Debt Securities

     43   

U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock

     48   

Validity of the Securities

     57   

Experts

     57   

Where You Can Find More Information

     57   

We are responsible for the information contained and incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and accompanying prospectus. We have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized anyone to give you any other information, and we take no responsibility for any other information that others may give you. We are not making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should not assume that the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement or accompanying prospectus is accurate as of any date other than the date of the document containing the information.

 

S-i


Table of Contents

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT

This document consists of two parts. The first part is this prospectus supplement, which describes the specific terms of this offering. The second part is the accompanying prospectus, which describes more general information, some of which may not apply to this offering. You should read both this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, together with the documents incorporated by reference and the additional information described below under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information.”

If the description of the offering varies between this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, you should rely on the information in this prospectus supplement.

Any statement made in this prospectus supplement or in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus supplement to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus supplement or in any other subsequently filed document that is also incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement modifies or supersedes that statement. Any statement so modified or superseded will not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus supplement.

NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus supplement and accompanying prospectus contain or incorporate by reference statements about future events and expectations, or forward-looking statements, all of which are inherently uncertain. We have based those forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future results. When we use words such as “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “forecast,” “project,” “believe,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “may” or similar expressions, we do so to identify forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include statements we make regarding future prospects of growth in the communications site leasing industry, our future operating results, the level of future expenditures by companies in this industry and other trends in this industry, the effects of consolidation among companies in our industry and among our tenants and other competitive pressures, changes in zoning, tax and other laws and regulations, our substantial leverage and debt service obligations, our ability to maintain or increase our market share, economic, political and other events, particularly those relating to our international operations, our ability to remain qualified for taxation as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”), our plans to fund our future liquidity needs, the amount and timing of any future distributions including those we are required to make as a REIT, our future financing transactions, our ability to protect our rights to the land under our towers, our future capital expenditure levels, natural disasters and similar events and our future purchases under our stock repurchase program. These statements are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions, which in turn are based on currently available information. These assumptions could prove inaccurate. See “Risk Factors.” These forward-looking statements may be found in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus generally as well as the documents incorporated by reference.

You should keep in mind that any forward-looking statement we make in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference or elsewhere speaks only as of the date on which we make it. New risks and uncertainties arise from time to time, and it is impossible for us to predict these events or how they may affect us. In any event, these and other important factors, including those set forth under the caption “Risk Factors” in this prospectus supplement, in the accompanying prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference, may cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by our forward-looking statements. We do not intend to update or revise the forward-looking statements we make in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference or elsewhere, except as may be required by law. In light of these risks and uncertainties, you should keep in mind that the future events or circumstances described in any forward-looking statement we make in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference or elsewhere might not occur.

 

S-ii


Table of Contents

MARKET AND INDUSTRY DATA

This prospectus supplement and accompanying prospectus contain or incorporate by reference estimates regarding market data, which are based on our internal estimates, independent industry publications, reports by market research firms and/or other published independent sources. In each case, we believe these estimates are reasonable. However, market data is subject to change and cannot always be verified with complete certainty due to limits on the availability and reliability of raw data, the voluntary nature of the data gathering process and other limitations and uncertainties inherent in any statistical survey of market data. As a result, you should be aware that market data set forth in this prospectus supplement, accompanying prospectus or incorporated by reference, and estimates and beliefs based on such data, may not be reliable.

 

S-iii


Table of Contents

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT SUMMARY

This summary may not contain all the information that may be important to you. You should read this entire prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and those documents incorporated by reference into the prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, including the risk factors and the financial statements and related notes, before making an investment decision. Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, references to “we,” “us,” “our” and “American Tower” are references to American Tower Corporation and its predecessor, as applicable, and its consolidated subsidiaries, in each case, as the context requires. References herein to our “Common Stock” refer to our Common Stock and the Class A Common Stock of our predecessor, as applicable.

American Tower Corporation

American Tower Corporation was created as a subsidiary of American Radio Systems Corporation in 1995 to own, manage, develop and lease communications and broadcast tower sites, and was spun off into a free-standing public company in 1998. Since inception, we have grown our communications site portfolio through acquisitions, long-term lease arrangements, development and construction, and through mergers with, and acquisitions of, other tower operators, increasing the size of our portfolio to approximately 68,000 communications sites.

To effect the conversion to a REIT for federal income tax purposes, effective December 31, 2011, American Tower Corporation merged with and into its wholly owned subsidiary, American Tower REIT, Inc. American Tower REIT, Inc., the surviving corporation, was renamed American Tower Corporation and, since January 1, 2012, has qualified as a REIT for federal income tax purposes.

American Tower Corporation is a holding company, and we conduct our operations through our directly and indirectly owned subsidiaries. Our principal United States operating subsidiaries are American Towers LLC and SpectraSite Communications, LLC. We conduct our international operations through our subsidiary, American Tower International, Inc., which in turn conducts operations through its various international operating subsidiaries and joint ventures. Our international operations consist primarily of our operations in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Germany, Ghana, India, Mexico, Panama, Peru, South Africa and Uganda.

 

 

Our principal executive office is located at 116 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02116. Our main telephone number at that address is (617) 375-7500.

 

 

S-1


Table of Contents

THE OFFERING

 

Issuer

American Tower Corporation, a Delaware corporation.

 

Securities Offered

5,250,000 shares of our 5.25% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (6,000,000 shares if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock).

 

Public Offering Price

$100.00 per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

Underwriters’ Option

We have granted the underwriters a 30-day option to purchase up to 750,000 additional shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock at the public offering price, less the underwriting discounts and commissions.

 

Dividends

5.25% of the liquidation preference of $100.00 per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock per annum. Dividends shall accumulate from the most recent date as to which dividends shall have been paid or, if no dividends have been paid, from the first original issue date, whether or not in any dividend period or periods there have been funds legally available for the payment of such dividends, and, to the extent that we are legally permitted to pay dividends and our board of directors (which term, as used in this summary, includes an authorized committee of the board) declares a dividend with respect to the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, we will pay such dividend in cash or, subject to certain limitations, in shares of our Common Stock or by delivery of any combination of cash and shares of our Common Stock, as determined by our board of directors, in its sole discretion, on each dividend payment date; provided that any undeclared and unpaid dividends will continue to accumulate. Dividends that are declared will be payable on the dividend payment dates to holders of record of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock on the immediately preceding February 1, May 1, August 1 and November 1 (each “record date”), whether or not such holders convert their shares, or such shares are automatically converted, after a record date and on or prior to the immediately succeeding dividend payment date. The expected dividend payable on the first dividend payment date is $1.3563 per share. Each subsequent dividend is expected to be $1.3125 per share. Accumulations of dividends on shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not bear interest. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Dividends.”

 

 

If we elect to make any payment of a declared dividend, or any portion thereof, in shares of our Common Stock, such shares shall be valued for such purpose at the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock (as defined under “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Definitions”) over the five consecutive trading day period beginning on and including the seventh scheduled

 

 

S-2


Table of Contents
 

trading day prior to the applicable dividend payment date (the “average price”), multiplied by 97%. In no event will the number of shares of our Common Stock delivered in connection with any declared dividend, including any declared dividend payable in connection with a conversion, exceed a number equal to the total dividend payment divided by $30.52, which amount represents 35% of the initial price (as defined below) (subject to adjustment in a manner inversely proportional to any anti-dilution adjustment to each fixed conversion rate as described below) (such dollar amount, as adjusted, the “floor price”). To the extent that the amount of the declared dividend exceeds the product of the number of shares of our Common Stock delivered in connection with such declared dividend and 97% of the average price, we will, if we are legally able to do so, pay such excess amount in cash.

 

Dividend Payment Dates

February 15, May 15, August 15 and November 15 of each year, commencing on August 15, 2014 to, and including, the mandatory conversion date.

 

  On May 6, 2014, the last reported sale price of our Common Stock on the NYSE was $87.20 (the “initial price”).

 

Redemption

The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not be redeemable, except in limited circumstances relating to FCC Regulatory Limitations (as defined under “Description of Common Stock—Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer—Federal Communications Laws Restrictions”) and our continuing qualification as a REIT.

 

Mandatory Conversion Date

May 15, 2017.

 

Mandatory Conversion

On the mandatory conversion date, each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, unless previously converted, will automatically convert into shares of our Common Stock based on the conversion rate as described below.

 

  If we declare a dividend for the dividend period ending on the mandatory conversion date, we will pay such dividend to the holders of record as of the immediately preceding record date, as described above. If, prior to the mandatory conversion date, we have not declared and paid, or set aside for payment, all or any portion of the accumulated dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, the conversion rate will be adjusted so that holders receive an additional number of shares of our Common Stock equal to the amount of such undeclared, accumulated and unpaid dividends (such amount, the “additional conversion amount”) divided by the greater of the floor price and 97% of the average price. To the extent that the additional conversion amount exceeds the product of the number of additional shares and 97% of the average price, we will, if we are legally able to do so, declare and pay such excess amount in cash pro rata to the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

 

S-3


Table of Contents

Conversion Rate

The conversion rate for each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be not more than 1.1468 shares of our Common Stock (the “maximum conversion rate”) and not less than 0.9174 shares of our Common Stock (the “minimum conversion rate”), depending on the applicable market value of our Common Stock, as described below and subject to certain anti-dilution adjustments. The “applicable market value” of our Common Stock is the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the 20 consecutive trading day period beginning on and including the 22nd scheduled trading day immediately preceding the mandatory conversion date. The conversion rate will be calculated as described under “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Mandatory Conversion,” and the following table illustrates the conversion rate per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, subject to certain anti-dilution adjustments.

 

Applicable market value of our Common Stock

  

Conversion rate (number of shares of our common stock to
be received upon conversion of each share of the Mandatory
Convertible Preferred Stock)

Greater than $109.00 (which is the threshold appreciation price)    0.9174 shares (approximately equal to $100.00 divided by the threshold appreciation price).
Equal to or less than $109.00 but greater than or equal to $87.20    Between 0.9174 and 1.1468 shares, determined by dividing $100.00 by the applicable market value of our Common Stock.
Less than $87.20 (which is the initial price)    1.1468 shares (approximately equal to $100.00 divided by the initial price).

 

Conversion at the Option of the Holder

At any time prior to May 15, 2017, other than during a fundamental change conversion period (as defined below), holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock have the right to elect to convert their shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in whole or in part (but in no event less than one share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock), into shares of our Common Stock at the minimum conversion rate of 0.9174 shares of our Common Stock per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as described under “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder.” The minimum conversion rate is subject to certain anti-dilution adjustments.

 

 

If, as of the effective date of any such early conversion (the “early conversion date”), we have not declared and paid, or set aside for payment, all or any portion of the accumulated dividends for all dividend periods ending on a dividend payment date prior to such early conversion date, the conversion rate for such early conversion will be adjusted so that holders converting their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock at such time receive cash or an additional number of shares of our Common Stock equal to such amount of undeclared, accumulated and unpaid dividends for such prior dividend periods, divided by the greater of the floor price and the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the

 

 

S-4


Table of Contents
 

20 consecutive trading day period commencing on and including the 22nd scheduled trading day immediately preceding the early conversion date (the “early conversion average price”). To the extent that the cash amount of the undeclared, accumulated and unpaid dividends for all dividend periods ending on a dividend payment date prior to the relevant early conversion date exceeds the value of the product of the number of additional shares added to the conversion rate and the early conversion average price, we will not have any obligation to pay the shortfall in cash.

 

Conversion at the Option of the Holder Upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-Whole Amount

If a “fundamental change” (as defined under “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount”) occurs on or prior to May 15, 2017, holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will have the right to convert their shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, in whole or in part (but in no event less than one share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock), into Common Stock at the “fundamental change conversion rate” during the period (the “fundamental change conversion period”) beginning on the effective date of such fundamental change and ending on the date that is 20 calendar days after the effective date of such fundamental change (or, if earlier, the mandatory conversion date). The fundamental change conversion rate will be determined based on the effective date of the fundamental change and the price paid or deemed paid per share of our Common Stock in such fundamental change.

 

  Holders who convert their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock within the fundamental change conversion period will also receive a “fundamental change dividend make-whole amount,” in cash or in shares of our Common Stock or any combination thereof, equal to the present value (computed using a discount rate of 5.25% per annum) of all remaining dividend payments on their shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (excluding any accumulated dividend amount (as defined under “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount— Fundamental change dividend make-whole amount and accumulated dividend amount”)) from such effective date to, but excluding, the mandatory conversion date. If we elect to pay the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount in shares of our Common Stock in lieu of cash, the number of shares of our Common Stock that we will deliver will equal (x) the fundamental change dividend make whole amount divided by (y) the greater of the floor price and 97% of the price paid, or deemed paid, per share of our Common Stock in the fundamental change.

 

 

S-5


Table of Contents
  In addition, to the extent that the accumulated dividend amount exists as of the effective date of the fundamental change, holders who convert their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock within the fundamental change conversion period will be entitled to receive such accumulated dividend amount in cash (to the extent we are legally permitted to do so) or shares of our Common Stock or any combination thereof, at our election, upon conversion. If we elect to pay the accumulated dividend amount in shares of our Common Stock in lieu of cash, the number of shares of our Common Stock that we will deliver will equal (x) the accumulated dividend amount divided by (y) the greater of the floor price and 97% of the price paid, or deemed paid, per share of our Common Stock in the fundamental change.

 

  To the extent that the sum of the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount and accumulated dividend amount or any portion thereof paid in shares of our Common Stock exceeds the product of the number of additional shares we deliver in respect thereof and 97% of the price paid or deemed paid, we will, if we are legally able to do so, pay such excess amount in cash. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount.”

 

Anti-Dilution Adjustments

The conversion rate may be adjusted in the event of, among other things: (1) share dividends or distributions; (2) certain issuances of Common Stock rights or warrants to purchase our Common Stock; (3) subdivisions or combinations of our Common Stock; (4) certain distributions of evidences of our indebtedness, shares of capital stock, securities, rights to acquire shares of our capital stock, cash or other assets, including spin-offs; (5) dividends or other distributions consisting exclusively of cash other than regular quarterly cash dividends of up to $0.32 per share of Common Stock and other than in connection with certain reorganization events, a voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up, or a third party tender or exchange offer; and (6) certain self tender or exchange offers for our Common Stock. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Anti-dilution Adjustments.”

 

Liquidation Preference

$100.00 per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

Voting Rights

Except as specifically required by Delaware law or our Restated Certificate of Incorporation (“Certificate of Incorporation”), which will include the Certificate of Designations (as defined under “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock”) for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, the holders of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will have no voting rights.

 

 

Whenever dividends on shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (i) have not been declared and paid, or (ii) have been declared but a sum of cash or number of shares of our Common Stock

 

 

S-6


Table of Contents
 

sufficient for payment thereof has not been set aside for the benefit of the holders thereof on the applicable record date, for six or more dividend periods, whether or not consecutive, the authorized number of directors on our board of directors will, at the next annual meeting of stockholders or at a special meeting of stockholders as provided below, automatically be increased by two and the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, voting together as a single class with holders of any and all other preferred stock of equal rank having similar voting rights then outstanding, will be entitled, at such meeting, to elect two directors to fill such newly created directorships created thereby, subject to certain limitations.

 

  We will not, without the affirmative vote or consent of holders of at least two-thirds of the outstanding shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and all other preferred stock of equal rank having similar voting rights, voting together as a single class (1) amend or alter the provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation or the Certificate of Designations so as to authorize or create, or increase the authorized amount of, any specific class or series of senior stock (as defined below); (2) amend, alter or repeal the provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation or the Certificate of Designations so as to adversely affect the special rights, preferences, privileges or voting powers of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock; or (3) consummate a binding share exchange or reclassification involving the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or a merger or consolidation of us with another entity, unless in each case the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock remains outstanding or, in the case of any such merger or consolidation with respect to which we are not the surviving or resulting entity, is replaced by preferred stock of the surviving or resulting entity, and the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or such preferred stock, as the case may be, has terms, taken as a whole, not materially less favorable to holders, in each case subject to certain exceptions. For more information about voting rights, see “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Voting Rights.”

 

Ranking

The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will rank with respect to dividend rights and distribution rights upon our liquidation, winding-up or dissolution:

 

   

senior to our Common Stock and each class or series of our capital stock established in the future unless the terms of such stock expressly provide that it will rank senior to, or on parity with, the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock;

 

   

on parity with each class or series of our capital stock established in the future the terms of which expressly provide that it will rank on parity with the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock;

 

   

junior to each class or series of our capital stock established in the future the terms of which expressly provide that it will rank senior to the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (“senior stock”); and

 

 

S-7


Table of Contents
   

junior to our existing and future indebtedness.

 

  For information concerning the ranking of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, see “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Ranking.”

 

  As of March 31, 2014, we had a total of approximately $14.3 billion of outstanding indebtedness, and, on an as-adjusted basis after giving effect to (i) the assumption of $196.5 million of securitized indebtedness in connection with our recent acquisitions, including Richland Properties LLC and other related entities (“Richland”), and (ii) cash payments of $182.9 million for the Richland acquisition, which were partially funded by borrowings of $165.0 million of indebtedness under a multi-currency $2.0 billion senior unsecured revolving credit facility entered into in June 2013 (the “2013 Credit Facility”), would have had approximately $14.7 billion of outstanding indebtedness. We have the ability to, and may incur, additional indebtedness in the future.

 

Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and our Common Stock

Our Certificate of Incorporation contains restrictions on the ownership and transfer of our Common Stock, and preferred stock (including the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock offered hereby) intended to assist us in complying with FCC Regulatory Limitations and maintaining our status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes. For example, our Certificate of Incorporation prohibits any person from acquiring actual or constructive ownership of 9.8% or more (in value or number of shares) of our outstanding stock, subject to certain limited exceptions.

 

 

As a result, no holder of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive our Common Stock following conversion of such Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to the extent that receipt of such Common Stock would cause such holder to exceed the ownership limit, or violate any of the other restrictions on ownership and transfer, contained in our Certificate of Incorporation. If any delivery of Common Stock owed to a holder upon conversion of or payment of a dividend on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is not made, in whole or in part, as a result of the Stock Ownership Limit (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation), our obligation to make such delivery shall not be extinguished and we shall deliver such shares as promptly as practicable after any such holder (i) gives notice and satisfactory evidence to us that such delivery would not result in it exceeding the Stock Ownership Limit (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) or (ii) obtains a suitable Excepted Holder Limit (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) from our board of directors; provided, however, in the event any transfer of shares of Common Stock or other event would result in a holder beneficially

 

 

S-8


Table of Contents
 

owning shares of Common Stock in excess of the Stock Ownership Limit (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) or would result in the Company’s disqualification as a REIT, that number of shares that would cause a violation of the applicable limit may be (i) redeemed or (ii) automatically transferred to a trust for the benefit of a charitable organization selected by our board of directors. If any delivery of Common Stock owed to a holder upon conversion of or payment of a dividend on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is not made, in whole or in part, as a result of the FCC Regulatory Limitations, nothing herein will prevent the board of directors from taking any action pursuant to the Certificate of Incorporation. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Ownership Limitations and Transfer Restrictions.”

 

Use of Proceeds

We estimate that the net proceeds to us from this offering, after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us, will be approximately $509.9 million (or approximately $582.9 million if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock).

 

  We expect to use the net proceeds of this offering to fund recent acquisitions, including Richland, initially funded by indebtedness incurred under the 2013 Credit Facility. The remainder of the proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including to repay other existing indebtedness. Subject to the terms of our credit facilities, amounts outstanding thereunder that are repaid may be re-borrowed at a later date. If any of the Underwriters holds our debt or is a lender under our credit facilities, they may receive proceeds. See “Use of Proceeds” and “Capitalization.”

 

Conflicts of Interest

The net proceeds of this offering will be used to repay amounts outstanding under the 2013 Credit Facility. Affiliates of Goldman, Sachs & Co., Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, Barclays Capital Inc., J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, Citigroup Global Markets Inc., HSBC Securities (USA) Inc., Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, RBC Capital Markets, LLC, RBS Securities Inc., Santander Investment Securities Inc. and TD Securities (USA) LLC are lenders under the 2013 Credit Facility and some of them may receive 5% or more of the proceeds from this offering. See “Use of Proceeds.” Because of the manner in which the net proceeds will be used, this offering will be conducted in accordance with FINRA Rule 5121. In accordance with FINRA Rule 5121, the appointment of a “qualified independent underwriter” is not necessary in connection with this offering. Accordingly, this offering is being made in compliance with the requirements of FINRA Rule 5121.

 

Federal Income Tax Considerations

The federal income tax consequences of purchasing, owning and disposing of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any Common Stock received upon conversion are described in “Federal

 

 

S-9


Table of Contents
 

Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock” included in this prospectus supplement and “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock” in the accompanying prospectus.

 

Listing

We intend to apply to have the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock listed on the NYSE under the symbol “AMTPRA,” and we expect trading on the NYSE to begin within the 30-day period after the initial delivery of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. Our Common Stock is listed on the NYSE under the symbol “AMT.”

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

Computershare Inc. (“Computershare”) is the transfer agent and registrar for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

Payment and Settlement

The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is expected to be delivered against payment on May 12, 2014. The shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be registered in the name of a nominee of The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) in New York, New York. In general, beneficial ownership interests in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be shown on, and transfers of these beneficial ownership interests will be effected only through, records maintained by DTC and its direct and indirect participants.

 

Risk Factors

Before making an investment in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, you should carefully consider all of the information in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus or incorporated by reference herein or therein, including the discussions under “Risk Factors” beginning on page S-14 and in Part II, Item 1A of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2014, which is incorporated by reference herein.

 

 

S-10


Table of Contents

SELECTED HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected historical consolidated financial data for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 and as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 is derived from historical audited consolidated financial information included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, which is incorporated herein by reference. The selected historical consolidated financial data for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 and as of December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 is derived from historical financial information not included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement. The selected historical consolidated financial data for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 and as of March 31, 2014 is derived from historical unaudited financial information included in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2014, which is incorporated herein by reference. Our unaudited financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as our audited financial information, and in management’s opinion, the unaudited information described above includes only normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation. Results for the three months ended March 31, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year or any future period.

You should read the selected historical consolidated financial data in conjunction with our “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” our consolidated financial statements and related notes, which are incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement, and the information set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page S-14 and in Part II, Item 1A of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2014, which is incorporated by reference herein. Year-to-year comparisons are significantly affected by our acquisitions, dispositions and construction of towers.

 

    Year Ended December 31,     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
    2009     2010     2011     2012     2013     2013     2014  
    (In thousands)     (unaudited)  

Statements of Operations Data:

             

Revenues:

             

Rental and management

  $ 1,668,420      $ 1,936,373      $ 2,386,185      $ 2,803,490      $ 3,287,090      $ 777,433      $ 960,120   

Network development services

    55,694        48,962        57,347        72,470        74,317        25,295        23.969   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating revenues

    1,724,114        1,985,335        2,443,532        2,875,960        3,361,407        802,728        984,089   

Operating expenses:

             

Cost of operations (exclusive of items shown separately below)

             

Rental and management (1)

    383,990        447,629        590,272        686,681        828,742        191,295        250,835   

Network development services (2)

    32,385        26,957        30,684        35,798        31,131        10,471        9,934   

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

    414,619        460,726        555,517        644,276        800,145        185,804        245,763   

Selling, general, administrative and development expense (3)

    201,694        229,769        288,824        327,301        415,545        101,153        110,029   

Other operating expenses

    19,168        35,876        58,103        62,185        71,539        14,319        13,891   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

    1,051,856        1,200,957        1,523,400        1,756,241        2,147,102        503,042        630,452   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

    672,258        784,378        920,132        1,119,719        1,214,305        299,686        353,637   

Interest income, TV Azteca, net

    14,210        14,212        14,214        14,258        22,235        3,543        2,595   

Interest income

    1,722        5,024        7,378        7,680        9,706        1,714        2,018   

Interest expense

    (249,803     (246,018     (311,854     (401,665     (458,296     (111,766     (143,307

Loss on retirement of long-term obligations

    (18,194     (1,886     —         (398     (38,701     (35,298     (238

Other income (expense) (4)

    1,294        315        (122,975     (38,300     (207,500     22,291        (3,743
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes and income on equity method investments

    421,487        556,025        506,895        701,294        541,749        180,170        210,962   

Income tax provision

    (182,565     (182,489     (125,080     (107,304     (59,541     (19,222     (17,649

Income on equity method investments

    26        40        25        35        —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

    238,948        373,576        381,840        594,025        482,208        160,948        193,313   

Income from discontinued operations, net

    8,179        30        —         —         —         —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    247,127        373,606        381,840        594,025        482,208        160,948        193,313   

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

    (532     (670     14,622        43,258        69,125        10,459        9,186   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to American Tower Corporation

  $ 246,595      $ 372,936      $ 396,462      $ 637,283      $ 551,333      $ 171,407      $ 202,499   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

S-11


Table of Contents
    Year Ended December 31,     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
    2009     2010     2011     2012     2013     2013     2014  
    (In thousands)     (unaudited)  

Other Data:

             

Capital expenditures

  $ 250,262      $ 346,664      $ 523,015      $ 568,048      $ 724,532      $ 123,905      $ 213,891   

Cash provided by operating activities

    842,126        1,020,977        1,165,942        1,414,391        1,599,047        394,036        476,582   

Cash used for investing activities

    (543,066     (1,300,902     (2,790,812     (2,558,385     (5,173,337     (376,628     (291,056

Cash (used for) provided by financing activities

    (194,942     910,330        1,086,095        1,170,366        3,525,565        34,629        (152,901

Sites owned and operated at end of period

    27,256        35,074        45,478        54,604        67,418        55,966        68,074   

 

    As of December 31,     As of
March 31,
 
    2009     2010     2011     2012     2013     2014  
    (In thousands)           (unaudited)  

Balance Sheet Data (5):

           

Cash and cash equivalents (including restricted cash) (6)

  $ 295,129      $ 959,935      $ 372,406      $ 437,934      $ 446,492      $ 494,701   

Property and equipment, net

    3,169,623        3,683,474        4,981,722        5,765,856        7,262,175        7,344,049   

Total assets

    8,519,931        10,370,084        12,242,395        14,089,429        20,272,571        20,417,407   

Long-term obligation, including current portion

    4,211,581        5,587,388        7,236,308        8,753,376        14,478,278        14,334,177   

Total American Tower Corporation equity

    3,315,082        3,501,444        3,287,220        3,573,101        3,534,165        3,671,178   

 

(1) For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010, there was no stock-based compensation expense included. For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2012 and 2013, amount includes approximately $1.1 million, $0.8 million and $1.0 million, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014, amount includes approximately $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation expense.
(2) For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010, there was no stock-based compensation expense included. For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2012 and 2013, amount includes approximately $1.2 million, $1.0 million and $0.6 million, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014, amount includes approximately $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation expense.
(3) For the years ended December 31, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 amount includes approximately $60.7 million, $52.6 million, $45.1 million, $50.2 million and $66.6 million, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014, amount includes approximately $20.6 million and $24.1 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation expense.
(4) For the years ended December 31, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013, amount includes unrealized foreign currency (losses) gains of approximately $(0.5) million, $4.8 million, $(131.1) million, $(34.3) million and $(211.7) million, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014, amount includes unrealized foreign currency gains (losses) of $22.1 million and $(2.0) million, respectively.
(5) Balances have been revised to reflect purchase accounting measurement period adjustments.
(6) As of December 31, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 and March 31, 2014, amount includes approximately $47.8 million, $76.0 million, $42.2 million, $69.3 million, $152.9 million and $161.3 million respectively, of restricted funds pledged as collateral to secure obligations and cash, the use of which is otherwise limited by contractual provisions.

 

 

S-12


Table of Contents

RATIO OF EARNINGS TO COMBINED FIXED CHARGES AND PREFERRED STOCK DIVIDENDS

The following table sets forth the ratio of earnings to combined fixed charges and preferred stock dividends.

 

      Year Ended December 31,      Three
Months
Ended
March 31,
2014
 
     2009      2010      2011      2012      2013     

Ratio of Earnings to Combined Fixed Charges and Preferred Stock Dividends (1) (2)

     2.27x         2.65x         2.19x         2.32x         1.89x         2.10x   

 

(1) For the purpose of this calculation, “earnings” consists of income from continuing operations before income taxes, income on equity method investments and fixed charges (excluding interest capitalized and amortization of interest capitalized). “Fixed charges” consists of interest expensed and capitalized, amortization of debt discounts and premiums and related issuance costs and the component of rental expense associated with operating leases believed by management to be representative of the interest factor thereon.
(2) See American Tower’s reports on file with the SEC pursuant to the Exchange Act as described under “Where You Can Find More Information” for more information. American Tower had no preferred securities outstanding during the periods indicated; therefore, the ratio of earnings to combined fixed charges and preferred securities dividends is the same as the ratio of earnings to fixed charges.

 

 

S-13


Table of Contents

RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider the following risk factors, in addition to the other information presented and incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus, in evaluating us, our business and an investment in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. A description of the risks related to our business is included in the “Risk Factors” section in Part II, Item 1A of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2014, which is incorporated by reference herein. The risks and uncertainties described below and incorporated by reference are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties that we do not currently know about, or that we currently believe are immaterial, may also adversely impact our business. Events relating to any of the following risks as well as other risks and uncertainties could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. In such a case, the trading value of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock could decline, or we may be unable to meet our obligations under the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, which in turn could cause you to lose all or part of your investment.

Risks related to this offering

You will bear the risk of a decline in the market price of our Common Stock between the pricing date for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and the mandatory conversion date.

The number of shares of our Common Stock that you will receive upon mandatory conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is not fixed but instead will depend on the applicable market value of our Common Stock, which is the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the 20 consecutive trading day period beginning on and including the 22nd scheduled trading day immediately preceding the mandatory conversion date. The aggregate market value of our Common Stock that you would receive upon mandatory conversion may be less than the aggregate liquidation preference of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. Specifically, if the applicable market value of our Common Stock is less than the initial price of $87.20, the market value of our Common Stock that you would receive upon mandatory conversion of each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be less than the $100.00 liquidation preference, and an investment in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock would result in a loss. Accordingly, you will bear the risk of a decline in the market price of our Common Stock. Any such decline could be substantial.

The opportunity for equity appreciation provided by your investment in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is less than that provided by a direct investment in our Common Stock.

The market value of each share of our Common Stock that you would receive upon mandatory conversion of each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock on the mandatory conversion date will only exceed the liquidation preference of $100.00 per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock if the applicable market value of our Common Stock exceeds the threshold appreciation price of $109.00. The threshold appreciation price represents an appreciation of 25% over the initial price. In this event, you would receive on the mandatory conversion date approximately 80% (which percentage is equal to the initial price divided by the threshold appreciation price) of the value of our Common Stock that you would have received if you had made a direct investment in our Common Stock on the date of this prospectus supplement. This means that the opportunity for equity appreciation provided by an investment in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is less than that provided by a direct investment in our Common Stock.

In addition, if the market value of our Common Stock appreciates and the applicable market value of our Common Stock is equal to or greater than the initial price but less than or equal to the threshold appreciation price, the aggregate market value of our Common Stock that you would receive upon mandatory conversion will only be equal to the aggregate liquidation preference of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, and you will realize no equity appreciation on our Common Stock.

 

S-14


Table of Contents

The adjustment to the conversion rate and the payment of the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount upon the occurrence of certain fundamental changes may not adequately compensate you.

If a fundamental change (as defined in “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount”) occurs on or prior to the mandatory conversion date, holders will be entitled to convert their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock during the fundamental change conversion period at the fundamental change conversion rate (in each case as defined in “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount”). The fundamental change conversion rate represents an adjustment to the conversion rate otherwise applicable unless the share price is less than $20.00 or above $130.00 (in each case, subject to adjustment). In addition, with respect to Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock converted during the fundamental change conversion period, you will also receive, among other consideration, a fundamental change dividend make-whole amount. Although this adjustment to the conversion rate and the payment of the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount are designed to compensate you for the lost option value of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and lost dividends as a result of a fundamental change, they are only an approximation of such lost value and lost dividends and may not adequately compensate you for your actual loss. Furthermore, our obligation to adjust the conversion rate in connection with a fundamental change and pay the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount (whether in cash or shares of our Common Stock or any combination thereof) could possibly be considered a penalty under state law, in which case your ability to enforce such adjustments would be subject to general principles of reasonableness of economic remedies.

The conversion rate of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock may not be adjusted for all dilutive events that may adversely affect the market price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or our Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

The number of shares of our Common Stock that you are entitled to receive upon conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is subject to adjustment for stock splits and combinations, dividends and certain other transactions described in “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.” See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Anti-dilution Adjustments” for further discussion of anti-dilution adjustments. However, other events, such as employee and director option grants or offerings of our Common Stock or securities convertible into shares of our Common Stock (other than those set forth in “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Anti-dilution Adjustments”) for cash or in connection with acquisitions, which may adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock, may not result in any adjustment. Further, if any of these other events adversely affects the market price of our Common Stock, it may also adversely affect the market price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. In addition, the terms of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock do not restrict our ability to offer Common Stock or securities convertible into Common Stock in the future or to engage in other transactions that could dilute our Common Stock. We have no obligation to consider the interests of the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in engaging in any such offering or transaction.

You will have no rights with respect to our Common Stock until the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is converted, but you may be adversely affected by certain changes made with respect to our Common Stock.

You will have no rights with respect to our Common Stock, including voting rights, rights to respond to Common Stock tender offers, if any, and rights to receive dividends or other distributions on our Common Stock, if any (other than through a conversion rate adjustment), prior to the conversion date with respect to a conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, but your investment in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock may be negatively affected by these events. Upon conversion, you will be entitled to exercise the rights of a holder of Common Stock only as to matters for which the record date occurs after the conversion date. For example, in the event that an amendment is proposed to our Certificate of Incorporation requiring stockholder approval and the record date for determining the stockholders of record entitled to vote on the amendment occurs prior to the conversion date, you will not be entitled to vote on the amendment, although you will nevertheless be

 

S-15


Table of Contents

subject to any changes resulting in the powers, preferences or rights of our Common Stock. See “Description of Common Stock” for further discussion of our Common Stock.

You will have no voting rights except under limited circumstances.

You will have no voting rights, except with respect to certain amendments to the terms of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, in the case of certain dividend arrearages, in certain other limited circumstances and except as specifically required by Delaware law. You will have no right to vote for any members of our board of directors except in the case of certain dividend arrearages.

If dividends on any shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (i) have not been declared and paid, or (ii) have been declared but a sum of cash or number of shares of our Common Stock sufficient for payment thereof has not been set aside for the benefit of the holders thereof on the applicable record date, for the equivalent of six or more dividend periods, whether or not for consecutive dividend periods, the holders of shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, voting together as a single class with holders of any and all other classes or series of our preferred stock ranking equally with the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock either as to dividends or the distribution of assets upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up and having similar voting rights, will be entitled to elect a total of two additional members of our board of directors, subject to the terms and limitations described in the section of this prospectus supplement entitled “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Voting Rights.”

In certain circumstances where the rights, preferences, privileges or voting powers of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock are adversely affected thereby, holders of shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will have the right to vote with respect to certain amendments to our Certificate of Incorporation or in connection with certain reclassifications, mergers or consolidation transactions. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Voting Rights.”

The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will rank junior to all of our consolidated liabilities.

In the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution or winding up, our assets will be available to pay obligations on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock only after all of our consolidated liabilities have been paid. In the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution or winding up, there may not be sufficient assets remaining, after paying our and our subsidiaries’ liabilities, to pay amounts due on any or all of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock then outstanding. As of March 31, 2014, we had a total of approximately $14.3 billion of outstanding indebtedness, including long-term debt and short-term debt. We have the ability to, and may incur, additional indebtedness in the future.

Our ability to declare and pay dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock may be limited.

Our declaration and payment of dividends on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the future will be determined by our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) in its sole discretion and will depend on business conditions, our financial condition, earnings and liquidity and other factors. The agreements governing any of our and our subsidiaries’ existing or future indebtedness may limit our ability to declare and pay cash dividends on the shares of our capital stock, including the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. In the event that the agreements governing any such indebtedness restrict our ability to declare and pay dividends in cash on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, we may be unable to declare and pay dividends in cash on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock unless we can repay or refinance the amounts outstanding under such agreements.

In addition, under Delaware law, our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) may only declare and pay dividends on shares of our capital stock out of our statutory “surplus” (which is defined as the amount equal to total assets minus total liabilities, in each case at fair market value, minus statutory capital), or if there is no such surplus, out of our net profits for the then current and/or immediately preceding fiscal year. Further, even if we are permitted under our contractual obligations and Delaware law to declare and pay cash dividends on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, we may not have sufficient cash to declare and pay dividends in cash on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

S-16


Table of Contents

If upon (i) mandatory conversion, (ii) an early conversion at the option of a holder or (iii) an early conversion upon a fundamental change, we have not declared and paid all or any portion of the accumulated dividends payable on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for specified periods, converting holders will receive an additional number of shares of our Common Stock having a market value generally equal to the amount of such undeclared, accumulated and unpaid dividends, subject to the limitations described under “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Mandatory Conversion,” “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder” and “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount,” respectively. In the case of mandatory conversion or conversion upon a fundamental change, if these limits to the adjustment of the conversion rate are reached, we will pay the shortfall in cash if we are legally permitted to do so and not restricted by the terms of our indebtedness at that time. We will not have an obligation to pay the shortfall in cash if these limits to the adjustment of the conversion rate are reached in the case of an early conversion at the option of the holder.

If we fail to pay scheduled dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, in cash or Common Stock, we will be prohibited from paying dividends on our Common Stock, which may jeopardize our status as a REIT.

The terms of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock provide that, unless full cumulative dividends have been paid or set aside for payment on all outstanding Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for all prior dividend periods, no dividends may be declared or paid on our Common Stock. A failure to pay dividends on both the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and our Common Stock might jeopardize our status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Dividends” in this prospectus supplement, as well as “Federal Income Tax Considerations Related to Our Qualification and Taxation as a REIT—REIT Qualification Requirements—Annual Distribution Requirements” in the accompanying prospectus.

You may be subject to tax with respect to the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock even though you do not receive a corresponding cash distribution.

The conversion rate of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is subject to adjustment in certain circumstances. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Anti-dilution Adjustments.” If, as a result of an adjustment (or failure to make an adjustment), your proportionate interest in our assets or earnings and profits is increased, you may be deemed to have received for U.S. federal income tax purposes a taxable distribution without the receipt of any cash. In addition, we may make distributions to holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that are paid in our Common Stock, and any such distribution would be taxable to the same extent as a cash distribution of the same amount. In these circumstances and possibly others, you, as a holder of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, may be subject to tax even though you have received no cash with which to pay that tax, thus giving rise to an out-of-pocket expense. See “Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock” for a further discussion of the U.S. federal tax considerations.

Non-U.S. stockholders may be subject to U.S. federal income tax in the United States as a result of holding or disposing of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or Common Stock under certain circumstances.

If a non-U.S. stockholder owns or has owned more than 5% of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or Common Stock, or if a non-U.S. stockholder holds any Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or Common Stock and such stock fails to qualify as “regularly traded” on an “established securities market,” the non-U.S. stockholder may become subject to U.S. federal income tax on certain dividends paid on our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or Common Stock that we designate as capital gain dividends or that are attributable to our sale of United States real property interests. In addition, such a non-U.S. stockholder may be subject to U.S. federal income tax on gain attributable to the disposition of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or

 

S-17


Table of Contents

Common Stock if we fail to qualify as a “domestically controlled REIT.” In these cases, such a non-U.S. stockholder subject to U.S. federal income tax on such dividends or gain would generally be required to file a U.S. federal income tax return reporting the applicable amounts. We believe that our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and Common Stock will qualify as “regularly traded” on an “established securities market” and that we currently qualify as a “domestically controlled REIT,” but there can be no assurances in these matters. For more information about the circumstances in which such tax and filing obligation would arise, see “Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Taxation of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Special rules applicable to non-U.S. stockholders” in this prospectus supplement, as well as “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock—Taxation of Non-U.S. Stockholders” in the accompanying prospectus.

Certain rights of the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and certain contractual and statutory provisions could delay or prevent an otherwise beneficial takeover or takeover attempt of us and, therefore, the ability of holders of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to exercise their rights associated with a potential fundamental change.

Certain rights of the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock could make it more difficult or more expensive for a third party to acquire us. For example, if a fundamental change were to occur on or prior to May 15, 2017, holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock may have the right to convert their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, in whole or in part, at an increased conversion rate and will also be entitled to receive a fundamental change dividend make-whole amount equal to the present value of all remaining dividend payments on their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount.” These features of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock could increase the cost of acquiring us or otherwise discourage a third party from acquiring us or removing incumbent management.

In addition, provisions of Delaware law and our Certificate of Incorporation and Amended and Restated By-Laws (“By-Laws”), and contracts to which we are a party could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us or have the effect of discouraging a third party from attempting to acquire control of us. See “Description of Common Stock—Certain Anti-Takeover Provisions” in the accompanying prospectus.

An active trading market for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock does not exist and may not develop.

The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is a new issue of securities with no established trading market. We intend to apply to have the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock listed on the NYSE under the symbol “AMTPRA.” Even if the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is approved for listing on the NYSE, such listing does not guarantee that a trading market for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will develop or, if a trading market for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock does develop, the depth or liquidity of that market or the ability of the holders to sell the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, or to sell the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock at a favorable price.

The price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and Common Stock may be volatile.

We expect that generally the market price of our Common Stock will affect the market price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock more than any other single factor. The market price of our Common Stock may be influenced by many factors, some of which are beyond our control, including those described in this “Risk Factors” section and the following:

 

   

the factors described above under the heading “Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”;

 

   

actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results or our competitors’ operating results;

 

   

our growth rate and our competitors’ growth rates;

 

   

the financial market and general economic conditions;

 

 

S-18


Table of Contents
   

the creditworthiness of our tenants;

 

   

changes in stock market analyst recommendations regarding us, our competitors or the tower industry generally, or lack of analyst coverage of our Common Stock;

 

   

sales of our Common Stock by our executive officers, directors and significant stockholders or sales of substantial amounts of our Common Stock;

 

   

payment of dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock by delivery of shares of our Common Stock;

 

   

announcements by us or our competitors of new products, capacity changes, significant contracts, acquisitions or strategic investments;

 

   

changes in accounting principles; and

 

   

changes in tax laws and regulations.

In addition, we expect that the market price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be influenced by yield and interest rates in the capital markets, the time remaining to the mandatory conversion date, our creditworthiness and the occurrence of certain events affecting us that do not require an adjustment to the conversion rate. Fluctuations in yield rates in particular may give rise to arbitrage opportunities based upon changes in the relative values of our Common Stock and Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. Any such arbitrage could, in turn, affect the market prices of our Common Stock and the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Regulatory actions may adversely affect the trading price and liquidity of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Investors in, and potential purchasers of, the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock who employ, or seek to employ, a convertible arbitrage strategy with respect to the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock may be adversely impacted by regulatory developments that may limit or restrict such a strategy. The SEC and other regulatory and self-regulatory authorities have implemented various rules and may adopt additional rules in the future that restrict and otherwise regulate short selling and over-the-counter swaps and security-based swaps, which restrictions and regulations may adversely affect the ability of investors in, or potential purchasers of, the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to conduct a convertible arbitrage strategy with respect to the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. This could, in turn, adversely affect the trading price and liquidity of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Sales of substantial amounts of our Common Stock in the public market, or the perception that these sales may occur, could cause the market price of our Common Stock and thus, the market price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock could decline.

Sales of substantial amounts of our Common Stock in the public market, or the perception that these sales may occur, or the conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or the payment of dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the form of shares of our Common Stock, or the perception that such conversions or dividends could occur, could cause the market price of our Common Stock and, thus, the market price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to decline. This could also impair our ability to raise additional capital through the sale of our equity securities.

 

S-19


Table of Contents

We may issue additional series of preferred stock that rank on a parity with the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as to dividend payments and liquidation preference and that vote with the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock on most issues on which the preferred stock is permitted to vote, which may negatively affect your investment.

Without giving effect to the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that we are offering hereby, we have the authority under our Certificate of Incorporation to issue 20,000,000 shares of preferred stock. Our Certificate of Incorporation does not prohibit us from issuing additional series of preferred stock that would rank on a parity with the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. The issuance of any such series of preferred stock could have the effect of reducing the amounts available to the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the event of our liquidation. If we do not have sufficient funds to pay dividends on the outstanding Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and such other series of preferred stock, it would also reduce amounts available to the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for the payment of dividends. Except with respect to changes to our Certificate of Incorporation that adversely affect only one series of our preferred stock, the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any other series of preferred stock that we issue vote together, as a class, on the issues on which our preferred stock has the right to vote, including our consolidation or merger with another corporation. The interests of the holders of any other series of preferred stock that we issue may be different from the interests of the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

S-20


Table of Contents

USE OF PROCEEDS

We expect that the net proceeds of this offering will be approximately $509.9 million (or approximately $582.9 million if the underwriters exercise in full their option to purchase additional shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock), after deducting discounts and commissions payable to the underwriters and estimated expenses of this offering payable by us. We intend to use the net proceeds to fund recent acquisitions, including Richland, initially funded by indebtedness incurred under our 2013 Credit Facility. The remainder of the proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including to repay other existing indebtedness. Pending use, the net proceeds may be invested temporarily in short-term marketable securities. Our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds, and the purposes for which the net proceeds are used may change from those described above.

The 2013 Credit Facility has a term of five years, matures on June 28, 2018 and includes two one-year renewal periods at our option and currently bears interest at a rate equal to 1.250% above LIBOR.

 

S-21


Table of Contents

CAPITALIZATION

The following table shows our cash and cash equivalents and capitalization as of March 31, 2014:

 

   

on a historical basis;

 

   

on an “as adjusted” basis, after giving effect to the following: (i) the assumption of $196.5 million of securitized indebtedness in connection with our Richland acquisition and (ii) cash payments of $182.9 million for the Richland acquisition, which were partially funded by borrowings of $165.0 million of indebtedness under our 2013 Credit Facility; and

 

   

on an “as further adjusted” basis, after giving effect to the receipt of approximately $509.9 million, after deducting discounts and commissions payable to the underwriters and estimated expenses payable by us (assuming no exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock), and the use of $508.0 million of the net proceeds to fund recent acquisitions, including Richland, initially funded by existing indebtedness under our 2013 Credit Facility.

In addition, we have the ability to borrow additional amounts under a $1.0 billion senior unsecured revolving credit facility entered into in January 2012, the 2013 Credit Facility and a 364-day $1.0 billion senior unsecured revolving credit facility entered into in September 2013. You should read the capitalization table below in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes, which are incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement.

 

     As of March 31, 2014  
     Historical      As Adjusted      As Further
Adjusted
 
     (In thousands)  

Cash and cash equivalents (1) (2)

   $ 333,439       $ 315,587       $ 317,530   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term debt, including current portion (3):

        

American Tower subsidiary debt:

        

Secured Tower Revenue Securities, Series 2013-1A

     500,000         500,000         500,000   

Secured Tower Revenue Securities, Series 2013-2A

     1,300,000         1,300,000         1,300,000   

Unison Notes (4)

     204,998         204,998         204,998   

South African facility (5)

     88,004         88,004         88,004   

Colombian bridge loans (6)

     54,960         54,960         54,960   

Colombian long-term credit facility (6)

     68,519         68,519         68,519   

Colombian loan (7)

     38,730         38,730         38,730   

Ghana loan (7)

     158,327         158,327         158,327   

Uganda loan (7)

     66,926         66,926         66,926   

Mexican loan (8)

     296,667         296,667         296,667   

GTP Notes (9)

     1,532,176         1,532,176         1,532,176   

Richland Notes (10)

     —           196,500         196,500   

Other debt, including capital leases

     77,175         77,175         77,175   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total American Tower subsidiary debt

     4,386,482         4,582,982         4,582,982   

 

S-22


Table of Contents
     As of March 31, 2014  
     Historical     As Adjusted     As Further
Adjusted
 
     (In thousands)  

American Tower Corporation debt:

      

2013 term loan

   $ 1,500,000      $ 1,500,000      $ 1,500,000   

2013 Credit Facility

     1,143,000        1,308,000        800,000   

3.50% senior notes due 2023

     992,695        992,695        992,695   

4.70% senior notes due 2022

     698,899        698,899        698,899   

5.90% senior notes due 2021

     499,429        499,429        499,429   

5.05% senior notes due 2020

     699,433        699,433        699,433   

4.50% senior notes due 2018

     999,548        999,548        999,548   

4.625% senior notes due 2015

     599,834        599,834        599,834   

7.00% senior notes due 2017

     500,000        500,000        500,000   

7.25% senior notes due 2019

     296,872        296,872        296,872   

3.40% senior notes due 2019

     1,006,447        1,006,447        1,006,447   

5.00% senior notes due 2024

     1,011,538        1,011,538        1,011,538   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total American Tower Corporation debt

     9,947,695        10,112,695        9,604,695   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total long-term debt, including current portion

   $ 14,334,177      $ 14,695,677      $ 14,187,677   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Equity:

      

Preferred stock offered hereby (11)

   $ —        $ —        $ 53   

Common Stock (12)

     3,984        3,984        3,984   

Additional paid-in capital

     5,153,402        5,153,402        5,678,349   

Distributions in excess of earnings

     (1,006,058     (1,006,058     (1,006,058

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (272,410     (272,410     (272,410

Treasury stock

     (207,740     (207,740     (207,740
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

American Tower Corporation equity

     3,671,178        3,671,178        4,196,178   

Non-controlling interest

     30,427        30,427        30,427   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     3,701,605        3,701,605        4,226,605   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total capitalization

   $ 18,035,782      $ 18,397,282      $ 18,414,282   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Does not reflect the distribution of approximately $126.6 million to our stockholders of record on April 10, 2014, which was accrued for at March 31, 2014 and paid on April 25, 2014.
(2) As of March 31, 2014, amount excludes approximately $161.3 million of restricted funds pledged as collateral to secure obligations and cash, the use of which is otherwise limited by contractual provisions.
(3) Excludes intercompany indebtedness that is eliminated in our consolidated financial statements.
(4) Assumed by us in connection with the acquisition of certain legal entities holding a portfolio of property interests from Unison Holdings, LLC and Unison Site Management II, L.L.C.
(5) The South African facility is denominated in South African Rand.
(6) The Colombian long-term credit facility and the Colombian bridge loans are denominated in Colombian Pesos.
(7) The Colombian, Ghana and Uganda loans are denominated in U.S. Dollars.
(8) The Mexican loan is denominated in Mexican Pesos.
(9) Securitized indebtedness assumed in connection with our acquisition of MIP Tower Holdings LLC in October 2013.
(10) Securitized indebtedness assumed in connection with our Richland acquisition in April 2014.
(11) Preferred Stock consists of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share – 20,000,000 authorized, 5,250,000 shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, liquidation preference of $100.00 per share, to be issued in connection with this offering (assuming no exercise by the underwriters of their option to purchase additional shares).
(12) Common Stock consists of common stock, par value $0.01 per share—1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 398,470,269 shares issued and 395,660,243 shares outstanding, as of March 31, 2014.

 

S-23


Table of Contents

PRICE RANGE OF COMMON STOCK AND DIVIDEND POLICY

Our Common Stock trades on the NYSE under the symbol “AMT.” The following table presents reported quarterly high and low per share sale prices of our Common Stock on the NYSE for the periods indicated below.

 

2014

   High      Low  

Quarter ended March 31

   $ 84.90       $ 78.38   

2013

   High      Low  

Quarter ended March 31

   $ 79.98       $ 72.56   

Quarter ended June 30

     85.26         69.54   

Quarter ended September 30

     78.33         67.89   

Quarter ended December 31

     81.36         71.55   

2012

   High      Low  

Quarter ended March 31

   $ 64.55       $ 57.98   

Quarter ended June 30

     70.65         61.56   

Quarter ended September 30

     75.62         68.65   

Quarter ended December 31

     77.27         70.45   

On May 6, 2014, the closing price of our Common Stock was $87.20 per share as reported on the NYSE. As of April 22, 2014, we had 395,745,715 outstanding shares of Common Stock and 175 registered holders.

Dividends

As a REIT, we must annually distribute to our stockholders an amount equal to at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (determined before the deduction for distributed earnings and excluding any net capital gain). Generally, we expect to distribute all or substantially all of our REIT taxable income so as to not be subject to income tax or excise tax on undistributed REIT taxable income. The amount, timing and frequency of future distributions will be at the sole discretion of our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) and will be declared based upon various factors, a number of which may be beyond our control, including our financial condition and operating cash flows, the amount required to maintain REIT status and reduce any income and excise taxes that we otherwise would be required to pay, limitations on distributions in our existing and future debt instruments, our ability to utilize net operating losses to offset our distribution requirements, limitations on our ability to fund distributions using cash generated through our taxable REIT subsidiaries and other factors that our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) may deem relevant.

During the periods indicated below, we declared and paid the following regular cash distributions to our stockholders:

 

Declaration Date

   Payment Date      Record Date      Distribution
per share
     Aggregate
Payment
Amount
(in millions)
 

Quarter ended March 31, 2014

           

March 6, 2014

     April 25, 2014         April 10, 2014       $ 0.32       $ 126.6   

Year ended December 31, 2013

           

March 12, 2013

     April 25, 2013         April 10, 2013       $ 0.26       $ 102.8   

May 22, 2013

     July 16, 2013         June 17, 2013       $ 0.27       $ 106.7   

September 12, 2013

     October 7, 2013         September 23, 2013       $ 0.28       $ 110.5   

December 4, 2013

     December 31, 2013         December 16, 2013       $ 0.29       $ 114.5   

Year ended December 31, 2012

           

March 22, 2012

     April 25, 2012         April 11, 2012       $ 0.21       $ 82.9   

June 20, 2012

     July 18, 2012         July 2, 2012       $ 0.22       $ 86.9   

September 19, 2012

     October 15, 2012         October 1, 2012       $ 0.23       $ 90.9   

December 6, 2012

     December 31, 2012         December 17, 2012       $ 0.24       $ 94.8   

 

S-24


Table of Contents

DESCRIPTION OF MANDATORY CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK

In this description, the references to “American Tower,” “we,” “us” or “our” refer only to American Tower Corporation (and not to any of its affiliates, including its subsidiaries). The following description supplements and, to the extent inconsistent therewith, replaces the description of the general terms and provisions of our preferred stock set forth in the accompanying prospectus.

The following is a summary of certain provisions of our 5.25% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, par value of $0.01 per share. A copy of the certificate of designations setting forth the terms of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Certificate of Designations”) as well as our Certificate of Incorporation is available upon request from us at the address set forth in the section of this prospectus supplement entitled “Where You Can Find More Information.” This description of the terms of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is not complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by reference to, the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation and the Certificate of Designations.

General

Pursuant to the Certificate of Incorporation, our board of directors is empowered, without any approval of our stockholders, to issue up to 20,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, in one or more series by filing a certificate of designations with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware. Such certificate of designations may set forth the voting powers, designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights and such qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, including dividend rates, the redemption provisions, if any, the rights of in the event of our voluntary or involuntary liquidation, winding-up or dissolution, the terms and conditions, if any, of conversion or exchange, and the terms and amount of a sinking fund, if any. As of the date of this prospectus supplement, no shares of preferred stock are outstanding. At the consummation of this offering, we will issue 5,250,000 shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. In addition, we have granted the underwriters an option to purchase up to 750,000 additional shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as described under “Underwriting” below.

When issued, the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any Common Stock issued upon the conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be fully paid and nonassessable. The holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will have no preemptive or preferential rights to purchase or subscribe for stock, obligations, warrants or other securities of ours of any class. Computershare serves as the transfer agent and registrar of our Common Stock and will serve as transfer agent, registrar, conversion and dividend disbursing agent for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Ranking

The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, with respect to dividend rights and distribution rights upon our liquidation, winding-up or dissolution, will rank:

 

   

senior to (i) our Common Stock and (ii) each class or series of our capital stock established after the first original issue date of shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the “initial issue date”), the terms of which do not expressly provide that such class or series ranks senior to or on parity with the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as to dividend rights and distribution rights upon our liquidation, winding-up or dissolution (collectively, “junior stock”);

 

   

on parity with each class or series of our capital stock established after the initial issue date the terms of which expressly provide that such class or series will rank on parity with the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as to dividend rights and distribution rights upon our liquidation, winding-up or dissolution (collectively, “parity stock”);

 

S-25


Table of Contents
   

junior to each class or series of our capital stock established after the initial issue date the terms of which expressly provide that such class or series will rank senior to the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as to dividend rights and distribution rights upon our liquidation, winding-up or dissolution (collectively, “senior stock”); and

 

   

junior to our existing and future indebtedness.

Dividends

Subject to the rights of holders of any class or series of our capital stock ranking senior to the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock with respect to dividends, holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive, when, as and if declared by our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, out of funds legally available for payment, cumulative dividends at the rate per annum of 5.25% on the liquidation preference of $100.00 per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the “dividend rate”) (equivalent to $5.25 per annum per share), payable in cash, by delivery of shares of our Common Stock or by delivery of any combination of cash and shares of our Common Stock, as determined by our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) in its sole discretion (subject to the limitations described below). See “—Method of Payment of Dividends” below. Declared dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be payable quarterly on February 15, May 15, August 15 and November 15 of each year to and including the mandatory conversion date (as defined below), commencing August 15, 2014 (each, a “dividend payment date”), at the dividend rate, and dividends shall accumulate from the most recent date as to which dividends shall have been paid or, if no dividends have been paid, from the initial issue date of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, whether or not in any dividend period or periods there have been funds legally available for the payment of such dividends. Declared dividends will be payable on the relevant dividend payment date to holders of record of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as they appear on our stock register at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the immediately preceding February 1, May 1, August 1 and November 1 (each, a “record date”), whether or not such holders convert their shares, or such shares are automatically converted, after a record date and on or prior to the immediately succeeding dividend payment date. These record dates will apply regardless of whether a particular record date is a business day. A “business day” means any day other than a Saturday or Sunday, that is neither a legal holiday nor a day on which banking institutions in New York City are authorized or required by law, regulation or executive order to close. If a dividend payment date is not a business day, payment will be made on the next succeeding business day, without any interest or other payment in lieu of interest accruing with respect to this delay. Any accumulated and unpaid dividends from any preceding dividend period can be declared and paid on a date determined by the board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) in its sole discretion.

A dividend period is the period from and including a dividend payment date to but excluding the next dividend payment date, except that the initial dividend period will commence on and include the initial issue date of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and will end on and exclude the August 15, 2014 dividend payment date. The amount of dividends payable on each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for each full dividend period (after the initial dividend period) will be computed by dividing the annual dividend rate by four. Dividends payable on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for any period other than a full dividend period will be computed based upon the actual number of days elapsed during the period over a 360-day year (consisting of twelve 30-day months). Accordingly, the dividend on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for the first dividend period, assuming the initial issue date is May 12, 2014, will be $1.3563 per share (based on the annual dividend rate of 5.25% and a liquidation preference of $100.00 per share) and will be payable, when, as and if declared, on August 15, 2014 to the holders of record thereof on August 1, 2014. The dividend on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for each subsequent dividend period, when, as and if declared, will be $1.3125 per share (based on the annual dividend rate of 5.25% and a liquidation preference of $100.00 per share). Accumulations of dividends on shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not bear interest.

No dividend will be declared or paid upon, or any sum of cash or number of shares of our Common Stock set apart for the payment of dividends upon, any outstanding shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock

 

S-26


Table of Contents

with respect to any dividend period unless all dividends for all preceding dividend periods have been or thereby are declared and paid upon, or a sufficient sum of cash and/or number of shares of our Common Stock has been or thereby is set apart for the payment of such dividends upon, all outstanding shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Our ability to declare and pay cash dividends and to make other distributions with respect to our capital stock, including the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, may be limited by the terms of our and our subsidiaries’ existing and any future indebtedness. In addition, our ability to declare and pay dividends may be limited by applicable Delaware law. See “Risk Factors—Risks related to this offering—Our ability to declare and pay dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock may be limited.”

So long as any share of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock remains outstanding, no dividend or distribution shall be declared or paid on our Common Stock or any other class or series of junior stock, and no Common Stock or any other class or series of junior stock shall be purchased, redeemed or otherwise acquired for consideration by us or any of our subsidiaries unless all accumulated and unpaid dividends for all preceding dividend periods have been declared and paid upon, or a sufficient sum of cash and/or number of shares of our Common Stock has been set apart for the payment of such dividends upon, all outstanding shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. The foregoing limitation shall not apply to: (i) any dividend or distribution payable in shares of Common Stock or other junior stock, (ii) purchases, redemptions or other acquisitions of Common Stock or other junior stock in connection with the administration of any benefit or other incentive plan, including any employment contract, in the ordinary course of business (including purchases to offset the share dilution amount pursuant to a publicly announced repurchase plan); provided that any purchases to offset the share dilution amount shall in no event exceed the share dilution amount; (iii) any dividends or distributions of rights in connection with a stockholders’ rights plan or any redemption or repurchase of rights pursuant to any stockholders’ rights plan; (iv) the deemed purchase or acquisition of fractional interests in shares of our Common Stock or junior stock pursuant to the conversion or exchange provisions of such shares or the security being converted or exchanged; or (v) purchases of Common Stock or other junior stock pursuant to a contractually binding requirement to buy Common Stock or other junior stock existing prior to the preceding dividend period, including under a stock repurchase plan; provided that such binding requirement was not entered into at a time when we were prohibited from making or unable to make, or in anticipation or contemplation of being prohibited from making or unable to make, dividend payments on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. The phrase “share dilution amount” means the increase in the number of diluted shares outstanding (determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and as measured from the initial issue date) resulting from the grant, vesting or exercise of equity-based compensation to directors, employees and agents and equitably adjusted for any stock split, stock dividend, reverse stock split, reclassification or similar transaction.

When dividends on shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (i) have not been declared and paid in full on any dividend payment date, or (ii) have been declared but a sum of cash or number of shares of our Common Stock sufficient for payment thereof has not been set aside for the benefit of the holders thereof on the applicable record date, no dividends may be declared or paid on any parity stock unless dividends are declared on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock such that the respective amounts of such dividends declared on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and such parity stock shall bear the same ratio to each other as all accumulated dividends and all declared and unpaid dividends per share on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and such parity stock bear to each other; provided that any unpaid dividends will continue to accumulate.

Subject to the foregoing, and not otherwise, such dividends (payable in cash, securities or other property) as may be determined by our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, may be declared and paid on any securities, including our Common Stock, from time to time out of any funds legally available for such payment, and holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock shall not be entitled to participate in any such dividends.

 

S-27


Table of Contents

Method of Payment of Dividends

Subject to the limitations described below, we may pay any declared dividend (or any portion of any declared dividend) on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (whether or not for a current dividend period or any prior dividend period, including in connection with the payment of declared and unpaid dividends pursuant to the provisions described in “—Mandatory Conversion” and “—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount”), determined in the sole discretion of our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof):

 

   

in cash;

 

   

by delivery of shares of our Common Stock; or

 

   

by delivery of any combination of cash and shares of our Common Stock.

We will make each payment of a declared dividend on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in cash, except to the extent we elect to make all or any portion of such payment in shares of our Common Stock. We will give the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock notice of any such election and the portion of such payment that will be made in cash and the portion that will be made in shares of our Common Stock no later than ten scheduled trading days (as defined below) prior to the dividend payment date for such dividend; provided that if we do not provide timely notice of this election, we will be deemed to have elected to pay the relevant dividend in cash.

If we elect to make any such payment of a declared dividend, or any portion thereof, in shares of our Common Stock, such shares shall be valued for such purpose, in the case of any dividend payment or portion thereof, at 97% of the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock (as defined below) over the five consecutive trading day (as defined below) period beginning on and including the seventh scheduled trading day prior to the applicable dividend payment date (the “average price”).

No fractional shares of our Common Stock will be delivered to the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in payment or partial payment of a dividend. We will instead pay a cash adjustment to each holder that would otherwise be entitled to a fraction of a share of our Common Stock based on the average price with respect to such dividend.

To the extent a shelf registration statement is required in our reasonable judgment in connection with the issuance of or for resales of Common Stock issued as payment of a dividend on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, including dividends paid in connection with a conversion, we will, to the extent such a shelf registration statement is not currently filed and effective, use our commercially reasonable efforts to file and maintain the effectiveness of such a shelf registration statement until the earlier of such time as all such shares of Common Stock have been resold thereunder and such time as all such shares would be freely tradable without registration by holders thereof that are not “affiliates” of ours for purposes of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). To the extent applicable, we will also use our commercially reasonable efforts to have the Common Stock qualified or registered under applicable state securities laws, if required, and approved for listing on the NYSE (or if our Common Stock is not listed on the NYSE, on the principal other U.S. national or regional securities exchange on which our Common Stock is then listed).

Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event will the number of shares of our Common Stock delivered in connection with any declared dividend, including any declared dividend payable in connection with a conversion, exceed a number equal to the total dividend payment divided by $30.52, which amount represents 35% of the initial price (as defined below), subject to adjustment in a manner inversely proportional to any anti-dilution adjustment to each fixed conversion rate as set forth below in “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” (such dollar amount, as adjusted, the “floor price”). To the extent that the amount of the declared dividend exceeds the product of the (x) number of shares of our Common Stock delivered in connection with such declared dividend and (y) 97% of the average price, we will, if we are legally able to do so, pay such excess amount in cash.

 

S-28


Table of Contents

Redemption

The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not be redeemable, except that we may purchase the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in limited circumstances relating to FCC Regulatory Limitations and our continued qualification as a REIT. See “—Ownership Limitations and Transfer Restrictions.”

Liquidation Preference

In the event of our voluntary or involuntary liquidation, winding-up or dissolution, each holder of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive a liquidation preference in the amount of $100.00 per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the “liquidation preference”), plus an amount equal to accumulated and unpaid dividends on the shares to but excluding the date fixed for liquidation, winding-up or dissolution to be paid out of our assets legally available for distribution to our stockholders, after satisfaction of liabilities to our creditors and holders of shares of any senior stock and before any payment or distribution is made to holders of junior stock (including our Common Stock). If, upon our voluntary or involuntary liquidation, winding-up or dissolution, the amounts payable with respect to the liquidation preference plus an amount equal to accumulated and unpaid dividends on the shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and all parity stock are not paid in full, the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any other such parity stock will share equally and ratably in any distribution of our assets in proportion to their liquidation preference and an amount equal to accumulated and unpaid dividends to which they are entitled. After payment of the full amount of the liquidation preference and an amount equal to accumulated and unpaid dividends to which they are entitled, the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will have no right or claim to any of our remaining assets. See “—General” and “Risk Factors—Risks related to this offering—The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will rank junior to all of our consolidated liabilities.”

Neither the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, nor our merger or consolidation into or with any other person, will be deemed to be our voluntary or involuntary liquidation, winding-up or dissolution.

Our Certificate of Incorporation, including the Certificate of Designations for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, does not contain any provision requiring funds to be set aside to protect the liquidation preference of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock even though it is substantially in excess of the par value thereof.

Voting Rights

The holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not have voting rights except as described below and as specifically required by Delaware law from time to time.

Whenever dividends on any shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (i) have not been declared and paid, or (ii) have been declared but a sum of cash or number of shares of our Common Stock sufficient for payment thereof has not been set aside for the benefit of the holders thereof on the applicable record date, for the equivalent of six or more dividend periods, whether or not for consecutive dividend periods (a “nonpayment”), the authorized number of directors on our board of directors will, at the next annual meeting of stockholders or at a special meeting of stockholders as provided below, automatically be increased by two and the holders of such shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, voting together as a single class with holders of any and all other series of voting preferred stock (as defined below) then outstanding, will be entitled at such meeting to fill such newly created directorships by electing two additional directors (the “preferred stock directors”); provided that the election of any such directors will not cause us to violate the corporate governance requirements of the NYSE (or any other exchange or automated quotation system on which our securities may be listed or quoted) that requires listed or quoted companies to have a majority of independent directors; and provided further that our board of directors shall, at no time, include more than two preferred stock directors. In the event of a nonpayment, the holders of at least 25% of the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any other series of voting preferred stock may request that a special meeting of stockholders be called to elect such preferred stock directors (provided, however, that if our next annual or a special meeting of stockholders is scheduled to be held within 90 calendar days of the receipt of such request, the election of such preferred stock

 

S-29


Table of Contents

directors, to the extent otherwise permitted by our By-Laws, as they may be amended or restated from time to time, will be included in the agenda for and will be held at such scheduled annual or special meeting of stockholders). The preferred stock directors will stand for reelection annually, at each subsequent annual meeting of the stockholders, so long as the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock continue to have such voting rights.

At any meeting at which the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock are entitled to elect preferred stock directors, the holders of a majority in voting power of the then outstanding shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and all other series of voting preferred stock, present in person or represented by proxy, will constitute a quorum and the vote of the holders of a majority of such shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and other voting preferred stock so present or represented by proxy at any such meeting at which there shall be a quorum shall be sufficient to elect the preferred stock directors.

As used in this prospectus supplement, “voting preferred stock” means any series of our preferred stock, in addition to the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, ranking equally with the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock either as to dividends or to the distribution of assets upon liquidation, dissolution or winding-up and upon which like voting rights for the election of directors have been conferred and are exercisable. Whether a plurality, majority or other portion in voting power of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any other voting preferred stock have been voted in favor of any matter shall be determined by reference to the respective liquidation preference amounts of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and such other voting preferred stock voted.

If and when all accumulated and unpaid dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock have been paid in full, or declared and a sum (which may include shares of our Common Stock) sufficient for such payment shall have been set aside (a “nonpayment remedy”), the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock shall immediately and, without any further action by us, be divested of the foregoing voting rights, subject to the revesting of such rights in the event of each subsequent nonpayment. If such voting rights for the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and all other holders of voting preferred stock have terminated, the term of office of each preferred stock director so elected will terminate at such time and the authorized number of directors on our board of directors shall automatically decrease by two.

Any preferred stock director may be removed at any time, with cause as provided by law or without cause by the holders of record of a majority in voting power of the outstanding shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any other series of voting preferred stock then outstanding (voting together as a single class) when they have the voting rights described above. In the event that a nonpayment shall have occurred and there shall not have been a nonpayment remedy, any vacancy in the office of a preferred stock director (other than prior to the initial election after a nonpayment) may be filled by the written consent of the preferred stock director remaining in office or, if none remains in office, by a vote of the holders of record of a majority in voting power of the outstanding shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any other series of voting preferred stock then outstanding (voting together as a single class) when they have the voting rights described above; provided that the filling of each vacancy will not cause us to violate the corporate governance requirements of the NYSE (or any other exchange or automated quotation system on which our securities may be listed or quoted) that requires listed or quoted companies to have a majority of independent directors. The preferred stock directors will each be entitled to one vote per director on any matter.

So long as any shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock remain outstanding, we will not, without the affirmative vote or consent of the holders of at least two-thirds in voting power of the outstanding shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and all other series of voting preferred stock entitled to vote thereon, voting together as a single class, given in person or by proxy, either in writing or at an annual or special meeting of such stockholders:

 

  (1) amend or alter the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation or the Certificate of Designations for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock so as to authorize or create, or increase the authorized amount of, any class or series of senior stock;

 

S-30


Table of Contents
  (2) amend, alter or repeal the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation or the Certificate of Designations for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock so as to adversely affect the special rights, preferences, privileges or powers (including voting powers) of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock; or

 

  (3) consummate a binding share exchange or reclassification involving the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or a merger or consolidation of us with another entity, unless in each case: (i) the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock remain outstanding or, in the case of any such merger or consolidation with respect to which we are not the surviving or resulting entity (or the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is otherwise exchanged or reclassified), are converted or reclassified into or exchanged for preferred stock of the surviving or resulting entity or its ultimate parent; and (ii) such shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that remain outstanding or such shares of preferred stock, as the case may be, have rights, preferences, privileges and powers (including voting powers) of the surviving or resulting entity or its ultimate parent that, taken as a whole, are not materially less favorable to the holders thereof than the rights, preferences, privileges and voting powers, taken as a whole, of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock immediately prior to the consummation of such transaction (any such preferred stock being referred to herein as “qualifying preferred stock”),

provided, however, that (1) any increase in the amount of our authorized but unissued shares of our preferred stock, (2) any increase in the amount of our authorized Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or the issuance of any additional shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or (3) the authorization or creation of any class or series of parity or junior stock, any increase in the amount of authorized but unissued shares of such class or series of parity or junior stock or the issuance of additional shares of such class or series of parity or junior stock will be deemed not to adversely affect (or to otherwise cause to be materially less favorable) the rights, preferences, privileges or powers (including voting powers) of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and shall not require the affirmative vote of holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

If any amendment, alteration, repeal, share exchange, reclassification, merger or consolidation described above would adversely affect one or more but not all series of voting preferred stock, then only the series of voting preferred stock adversely affected and entitled to vote shall vote thereon.

Ownership Limitations and Transfer Restrictions

The Certificate of Incorporation contains restrictions on the ownership and transfer of our Common Stock and preferred stock (including the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock offered hereby) intended to assist us in complying with FCC Regulatory Limitations and maintaining our status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes. See “Description of Common Stock—Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer—REIT Restrictions” and “Description of Common Stock—Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer—Federal Communications Laws Restrictions.”

As a result of these restrictions, no holder of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive our Common Stock following conversion of such Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to the extent that receipt of such Common Stock would cause such holder to exceed the ownership limits, or violate any of the other restrictions on ownership and transfer, contained in the Certificate of Incorporation. If any delivery of

 

S-31


Table of Contents

Common Stock owed to a holder upon conversion of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is not made, in whole or in part, as a result of the Stock Ownership Limit (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) described above, our obligation to make such delivery shall not be extinguished and we shall deliver such shares as promptly as practicable after any such holder (i) gives notice and satisfactory evidence to us that such delivery would not result in it exceeding the Stock Ownership Limit or (ii) obtains a suitable Excepted Holder Limit (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) from our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof); provided, however, in the event any transfer of shares of our Common Stock or other event would result in a holder of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock beneficially owning shares of Common Stock in excess of such ownership limits or would result in our disqualification as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, the foregoing will not prevent such shares of Common Stock from being redeemed by us or automatically transferred to a trust for the benefit of a charitable organization selected by our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) or limit the authority of our board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) to take such other actions pursuant to the Certificate of Incorporation in order to ensure that we remain qualified as a REIT for federal income tax purposes. If any delivery of Common Stock owed to a holder upon conversion of or payment of a dividend on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is not made, in whole or in part, as a result of the FCC Regulatory Limitations, nothing herein will prevent the board of directors (or an authorized committee thereof) from taking any action pursuant to the Certificate of Incorporation. See “Description of Common Stock—Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer—Federal Communications Laws Restrictions.”

Mandatory Conversion

Each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, unless previously converted, will automatically convert on May 15, 2017 (the “mandatory conversion date”), into a number of shares of our Common Stock equal to the conversion rate described below. If we declare a dividend for the dividend period ending on the mandatory conversion date, we will pay such dividend to the holders of record as of the immediately preceding record date, as described above under “—Dividends.” If on or prior to the mandatory conversion date we have not declared and paid, or set aside for payment, all or any portion of the accumulated dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, the conversion rate will be adjusted so that holders receive an additional number of shares of our Common Stock equal to the amount of such undeclared, accumulated and unpaid dividends (the “additional conversion amount”) divided by the greater of the floor price and 97% of the average price. To the extent that the additional conversion amount exceeds the product of the number of additional shares and 97% of the average price, we will, if we are legally able to do so, declare and pay such excess amount in cash pro rata to the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

The conversion rate, which is the number of shares of our Common Stock issuable upon conversion of each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock on the mandatory conversion date, will, subject to adjustment as described in “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” below, be as follows:

 

   

if the applicable market value of our Common Stock is greater than $109.00 (the “threshold appreciation price”), then the conversion rate will be the minimum conversion rate of 0.9174 shares of our Common Stock per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, which is approximately equal to $100.00 divided by the threshold appreciation price;

 

   

if the applicable market value of our Common Stock is less than or equal to the threshold appreciation price but greater than or equal to $ 87.20 (the “initial price,” which equals the last reported sale price of our Common Stock on May 6, 2014), then the conversion rate will be equal to $100.00 divided by the applicable market value of our Common Stock, which will be between 0.9174 and 1.1468 shares of our Common Stock per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock; or

 

   

if the applicable market value of our Common Stock is less than the initial price, then the conversion rate will be the maximum conversion rate of 1.1468 shares of our Common Stock per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, which is approximately equal to $100.00 divided by the initial price.

 

S-32


Table of Contents

We refer to the minimum conversion rate and the maximum conversion rate collectively as the “fixed conversion rates.” The fixed conversion rates, the initial price, the threshold appreciation price and the applicable market value are each subject to adjustment as described in “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” below.

Hypothetical conversion values upon mandatory conversion

For illustrative purposes only, the following table shows the number of shares of our Common Stock that a holder of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock would receive upon mandatory conversion of one share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock at various applicable market values for our Common Stock. The table assumes that there will be no conversion adjustments as described below in “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” and that dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be paid in cash and not in additional shares of our Common Stock. The actual applicable market value of our Common Stock may differ from those set forth in the table below. Given an initial price of $87.20 and a threshold appreciation price of $109.00, a holder of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock would receive on the mandatory conversion date the number of shares of our Common Stock per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock set forth below:

 

Applicable market value
of our Common Stock

  

Number of shares of our
Common Stock to be received
upon mandatory conversion

   Conversion value (applicable
market value multiplied by the
number of shares of our
Common Stock to be received
upon mandatory conversion)

$  20.00

   1.1468    $  22.94

$  40.00

   1.1468    $  45.87

$  60.00

   1.1468    $  68.81

$  80.00

   1.1468    $  91.74

$  87.20

   1.1468    $100.00

$  95.00

   1.0526    $100.00

$100.00

   1.0000    $100.00

$105.00

   0.9524    $100.00

$109.00

   0.9174    $100.00

$115.00

   0.9174    $105.50

$120.00

   0.9174    $110.09

$130.00

   0.9174    $119.26

Accordingly, if the applicable market value of our Common Stock is greater than the threshold appreciation price, the aggregate market value of our Common Stock delivered upon conversion of each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be greater than the $100.00 liquidation preference of a share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, assuming that the market price of our Common Stock on the mandatory conversion date is the same as the applicable market value of our Common Stock. If the applicable market value for our Common Stock is equal to or greater than the initial price and equal to or less than the threshold appreciation price, the aggregate market value of our Common Stock delivered upon conversion of each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be equal to the $100.00 liquidation preference of a share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, assuming that the market price of our Common Stock on the mandatory conversion date is the same as the applicable market value of our Common Stock. If the applicable market value of our Common Stock is less than the initial price, the aggregate market value of our Common Stock delivered upon conversion of each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be less than the $100.00 liquidation preference of a share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, assuming that the market price of our Common Stock on the mandatory conversion date is the same as the applicable market value of our Common Stock.

Definitions

The “applicable market value” means the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the 20 consecutive trading day period (the “settlement period”) beginning on and including the 22nd scheduled trading day immediately preceding the mandatory conversion date.

 

S-33


Table of Contents

The “threshold appreciation price” represents a 25% appreciation over the initial price.

A “trading day” is a day on which our Common Stock:

 

   

is not suspended from trading, and on which trading in our Common Stock is not limited, on any national or regional securities exchange or association or over-the-counter market during any period or periods aggregating one half-hour or longer; and

 

   

has traded at least once on the national or regional securities exchange or association or over-the-counter market that is the primary market for the trading of our Common Stock;

provided that if our Common Stock is not traded on any such exchange, association or market, “trading day” means any business day.

A “scheduled trading day” is any day that is scheduled to be a trading day.

“VWAP” per share of our Common Stock on any trading day means the per share volume-weighted average price as displayed on Bloomberg page “AMT<EQUITY>AQR” (or its equivalent successor if such page is not available) in respect of the period from 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., New York City time, on such trading day; or, if such price is not available, “VWAP” means the market value per share of our Common Stock on such trading day as determined, using a volume-weighted average method, by a nationally recognized independent investment banking firm retained by us for this purpose.

The “average VWAP” means the average of the VWAPs for each trading day in the relevant period.

Conversion at the Option of the Holder

Other than during a fundamental change conversion period (as defined below in “—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount”), holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock have the right to convert their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, in whole or in part (but in no event less than one share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock), at any time prior to the mandatory conversion date (“early conversion”), into shares of our Common Stock at the minimum conversion rate of 0.9174 shares of our Common Stock per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, subject to adjustment as described in “—Anti-dilution Adjustments” below.

If, as of the effective date of any early conversion (the “early conversion date”), we have not declared and paid, or set aside for payment, all or any portion of the accumulated dividends for all dividend periods ending on a dividend payment date prior to such early conversion date, the conversion rate for such early conversion will be adjusted so that holders converting their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock at such time will receive cash or an additional number of shares of our Common Stock equal to such amount of undeclared, accumulated and unpaid dividends for such prior dividend periods, divided by the greater of the floor price and the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the 20 consecutive trading day period (the “early conversion settlement period”) commencing on and including the 22nd scheduled trading day immediately preceding the early conversion date (the “early conversion average price”). Notwithstanding the last sentence under “—Method of Payment of Dividends” above, to the extent that the cash amount of the undeclared, accumulated and unpaid dividends for all dividend periods ending on a dividend payment date prior to the relevant early conversion date exceeds the value of the product of the number of additional shares added to the conversion rate and the early conversion average price, we will not have any obligation to pay the shortfall in cash.

Except as described above, upon any early conversion of any Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, we will make no payment or allowance for unpaid dividends on such shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, unless such early conversion date occurs after the record date for a declared dividend and on or prior to the immediately succeeding dividend payment date, in which case such dividend will be paid on such dividend

 

S-34


Table of Contents

payment date to the holder of record of the converted shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as of such record date, as described in the section above entitled “—Dividends.”

Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount

General

If a “fundamental change” (as defined below) occurs on or prior to the mandatory conversion date, holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will have the right to:

 

  (i) convert their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, in whole or in part (but in no event less than one share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock), into Common Stock at the fundamental change conversion rate described below;

 

  (ii) with respect to such converted shares, receive a fundamental change dividend make-whole amount (as defined below) payable in cash or shares of our Common Stock; and

 

  (iii) with respect to such converted shares, receive the accumulated dividend amount (as defined below) payable in cash or shares of our Common Stock,

subject, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii), to certain limitations with respect to the number of shares of our Common Stock that we will be required to deliver, all as described below. Notwithstanding clauses (ii) and (iii) above, if the effective date of a fundamental change falls during a dividend period for which we have declared a dividend, we will pay such dividend on the relevant dividend payment date to the holders of record on the immediately preceding record date, as described in “—Dividends,” and the accumulated dividend amount will not include the amount of such dividend, and the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount will not include the present value of such dividend.

To exercise this right, holders must submit their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for conversion at any time during the period (the “fundamental change conversion period”) beginning on the effective date of such fundamental change (as defined below) and ending at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date that is 20 calendar days after the effective date (or, if earlier, the mandatory conversion date) at the conversion rate specified in the table below (the “fundamental change conversion rate”). Holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock who do not submit their shares for conversion during the fundamental change conversion period will not be entitled to convert their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock at the relevant fundamental change conversion rate or to receive the relevant fundamental change dividend make-whole amount or the relevant accumulated dividend amount.

We will notify holders of the anticipated effective date of a fundamental change at least 20 calendar days prior to such anticipated effective date or, if such prior notice is not practicable, notify holders of the effective date of a fundamental change no later than the second business day immediately following the actual effective date. Such notice shall state:

 

   

the event causing the fundamental change;

 

   

the anticipated effective date or actual effective date of the fundamental change, as the case may be;

 

   

that holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will have the right to effect a fundamental change conversion in connection with such fundamental change during the fundamental change conversion period;

 

   

the fundamental change conversion period; and

 

   

the instructions a holder of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock must follow to effect a fundamental change conversion in connection with such fundamental change.

 

S-35


Table of Contents

If we notify holders of a fundamental change later than the 20th calendar day prior to the effective date of a fundamental change, the fundamental change conversion period will be extended by a number of days equal to the number of days from, and including, the 20th calendar day prior to the effective date of the fundamental change to, but excluding, the date of the notice; provided that the fundamental change conversion period will not be extended beyond the mandatory conversion date.

A “fundamental change” will be deemed to have occurred, at such time after the initial issue date of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, upon: (i) the consummation of any transaction or event (whether by means of an exchange offer, liquidation, tender offer, consolidation, merger, combination, recapitalization or otherwise) in connection with which 90% or more of our outstanding Common Stock is exchanged for, converted into, acquired for or constitutes solely the right to receive, consideration 10% or more of which is not Common Stock that is listed on, or immediately after the transaction or event will be listed on, any of the NYSE, the NASDAQ Global Select Market or the NASDAQ Global Market; (ii) any “person” or “group” (as such terms are used for purposes of Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), whether or not applicable), other than us, any of our majority-owned subsidiaries or any of our or our majority-owned subsidiaries’ employee benefit plans, becoming the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly, of more than 50% of the total voting power in the aggregate of all classes of capital stock then outstanding entitled to vote generally in elections of our directors; (iii) our Common Stock (or, following a reorganization event, any Common Stock, depositary receipts or other securities representing common equity interests into which the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock becomes convertible in connection with such reorganization event) ceases to be listed for trading on the NYSE, the NASDAQ Global Select Market or the NASDAQ Global Market (or any of their respective successors) or another U.S. national securities exchange (each, a “qualifying market”); or (iv) our stockholders approve any plan for our liquidation, dissolution or winding up.

Fundamental change conversion rate

The fundamental change conversion rate will be determined by reference to the table below and is based on the effective date of the fundamental change (the “fundamental change effective date”) and the price (the “fundamental change share price”) paid or deemed paid per share of our Common Stock in such fundamental change. If the holders of our Common Stock receive only cash in the fundamental change, the fundamental change share price shall be the cash amount paid per share. Otherwise, the fundamental change share price shall be the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the 10 consecutive trading day period ending on the trading day preceding the fundamental change effective date.

The fundamental change share prices set forth in the first row of the table (i.e., the column headers) will be adjusted as of any date on which the fixed conversion rates of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock are adjusted. The adjusted share prices will equal the fundamental change share prices applicable immediately prior to such adjustment multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the minimum conversion rate immediately prior to the adjustment giving rise to the share price adjustment and the denominator of which is the minimum conversion rate as so adjusted. Each of the fundamental change conversion rates in the table will be subject to adjustment in the same manner as each fixed conversion rate as set forth in “—Anti-dilution Adjustments.”

The following table sets forth the fundamental change conversion rate per share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for each fundamental change share price and fundamental change effective date set forth below.

 

    Share price on effective date  

Effective Date

  $20.00     $40.00     $60.00     $80.00     $87.20     $95.00     $100.00     $105.00     $109.00     $115.00     $120.00     $130.00  

May 12, 2014

    0.9174        1.0284        1.0390        0.9977        0.9789        0.9597        0.9487        0.9388        0.9318        0.9228        0.9174        0.9174   

May 15, 2015

    0.9961        1.0682        1.0774        1.0316        1.0078        0.9825        0.9678        0.9547        0.9455        0.9338        0.9259        0.9174   

May 15, 2016

    1.0710        1.1074        1.1160        1.0759        1.0452        1.0092        0.9874        0.9682        0.9551        0.9393        0.9295        0.9174   

May 15, 2017

    1.1468        1.1468        1.1468        1.1468        1.1468        1.0526        1.0000        0.9524        0.9174        0.9174        0.9174        0.9174   

 

S-36


Table of Contents

The exact fundamental change share price and fundamental change effective date may not be set forth in the table, in which case:

 

   

if the fundamental change share price is between two fundamental change share price amounts on the table or the fundamental change effective date is between two dates on the table, the fundamental change conversion rate will be determined by straight-line interpolation between the fundamental change conversion rates set forth for the higher and lower fundamental change share price amounts and the two fundamental change effective dates, as applicable, based on a 365-day year;

 

   

if the fundamental change share price is in excess of $130.00 per share (subject to adjustment as described above), then the fundamental change conversion rate will be the minimum conversion rate, subject to adjustment; and

 

   

if the fundamental change share price is less than $20.00 per share (subject to adjustment as described above), then the fundamental change conversion rate will be the maximum conversion rate, subject to adjustment.

Fundamental change dividend make-whole amount and accumulated dividend amount

For any shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that are converted during the fundamental change conversion period, in addition to the Common Stock issued upon conversion at the fundamental change conversion rate, we will at our option:

 

  (a) pay you in cash, to the extent we are legally permitted to do so, the present value, calculated using a discount rate of 5.25% per annum, of all dividend payments on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for all the remaining dividend periods and for the partial dividend period (excluding any accumulated dividend amount) from and including such fundamental change effective date to but excluding the mandatory conversion date (the “fundamental change dividend make-whole amount”),

 

  (b) increase the number of shares of our Common Stock to be issued on conversion by a number equal to (x) the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount divided by (y) the greater of the floor price and 97% of the fundamental change share price, or

 

  (c) pay the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount in a combination of cash and shares of our Common Stock in accordance with the provisions of clauses (a) and (b) above.

In addition, to the extent that the accumulated dividend amount exists as of the fundamental change effective date, holders who convert their Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock within the fundamental change conversion period will be entitled to receive such accumulated dividend amount upon conversion. As used herein, the term “accumulated dividend amount” means, in connection with a fundamental change, the aggregate amount of undeclared, accumulated and unpaid dividends, if any, for dividend periods prior to the relevant fundamental change effective date, including for the partial dividend period, if any, from, and including, the dividend payment date immediately preceding such fundamental change effective date to, but excluding, such fundamental change effective date. The accumulated dividend amount will be payable at our election:

 

  (x) in cash, to the extent we are legally permitted to do so,

 

  (y) in an additional number of shares of our Common Stock equal to (x) the accumulated dividend amount divided by (y) the greater of the floor price and 97% of the fundamental change share price, or

 

  (z) in a combination of cash and shares of our Common Stock in accordance with the provisions of clauses (x) and (y) above.

We will pay the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount and the accumulated dividend amount in cash, except to the extent we elect on or prior to the second business day following the fundamental change effective date to make all or any portion of such payments in our Common Stock. In addition, if we elect to

 

S-37


Table of Contents

deliver Common Stock in respect of all or any portion of the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount or the accumulated dividend amount, to the extent that the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount or the accumulated dividend amount or the dollar amount of any portion thereof paid in Common Stock exceeds the product of the number of additional shares we deliver in respect thereof and 97% of the fundamental change share price, we will, if we are legally able to do so, pay such excess amount in cash. Any such payment in cash may not be permitted by our then existing debt instruments, including any restricted payments covenants.

No fractional shares of our Common Stock will be delivered to converting holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in respect of the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount or the accumulated dividend amount. We will instead pay a cash adjustment to each converting holder that would otherwise be entitled to a fraction of a share of our Common Stock based on the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the five consecutive trading day period beginning on, and including, the seventh scheduled trading day immediately preceding the conversion date.

Not later than the second business day following the fundamental change effective date, we will notify holders of:

 

   

the fundamental change conversion rate;

 

   

the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount and whether we will pay such amount in cash, shares of our Common Stock or a combination thereof, specifying the combination, if applicable; and

 

   

the accumulated dividend amount as of the fundamental change effective date and whether we will pay such amount in cash, shares of our Common Stock or a combination thereof, specifying the combination, if applicable.

Our obligation to adjust the conversion rate in connection with a fundamental change and pay the fundamental change dividend make-whole amount (whether in cash, our Common Stock or any combination thereof) could possibly be considered a penalty under state law, in which case the enforceability thereof would be subject to general principles of reasonableness of economic remedies.

Conversion Procedures

Upon mandatory conversion

Any outstanding shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will automatically convert into Common Stock on the mandatory conversion date. The person or persons entitled to receive the shares of our Common Stock issuable upon mandatory conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be treated as the record holder(s) of such shares of Common Stock as of 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the mandatory conversion date. Except as provided in “—Anti-dilution Adjustments,” prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the mandatory conversion date, the Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not be outstanding for any purpose and you will have no rights with respect to such Common Stock, including voting rights, rights to respond to tender offers and rights to receive any dividends or other distributions on the Common Stock, by virtue of holding the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. A certificate representing the shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion will be issued and delivered to the converting holder or, if the share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock being converted are in global form, the shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion will be delivered to the converting holder through the facilities of DTC, in each case together with delivery by the Company to the converting holder of any cash to which the converting holder is entitled, on the later of (i) the third business day immediately succeeding the mandatory conversion date and (ii) the third business day immediately succeeding the last day of the settlement period.

 

S-38


Table of Contents

Upon early conversion

If you elect to convert the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock prior to the mandatory conversion date, in the manner described in “—Conversion at the Option of the Holder” or “—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount,” you must observe the following conversion procedures:

 

   

If shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock are in global form, to convert the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock you must deliver to DTC the appropriate instruction form for conversion pursuant to DTC’s conversion program.

 

   

If shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock are held in certificated form, you must comply with certain procedures set forth in the Certificate of Designations for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

   

In either case, if required, you must pay all taxes or duties, if any.

The conversion date will be the date on which you have satisfied the foregoing requirements. You will not be required to pay any taxes or duties relating to the issuance or delivery of our Common Stock if you exercise your conversion rights, but you will be required to pay any tax or duty that may be payable relating to any transfer involved in the issuance or delivery of the Common Stock in a name other than your own. Common Stock will be issued and delivered only after all applicable taxes and duties, if any, payable by you have been paid in full and will be issued on the latest of (i) the third business day immediately succeeding the conversion date, (ii) the third business day immediately succeeding the last day of the early conversion settlement period and (iii) the business day after you have paid in full all applicable taxes and duties, if any.

The person or persons entitled to receive the Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be treated as the record holder(s) of such shares of Common Stock as of 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the applicable conversion date. Prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the applicable conversion date, the Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not be outstanding for any purpose and you will have no rights with respect to such Common Stock, including voting rights, rights to respond to tender offers and rights to receive any dividends or other distributions on the Common Stock, by virtue of holding the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Fractional shares

No fractional shares of our Common Stock will be issued to holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock upon conversion. In lieu of any fractional shares of our Common Stock otherwise issuable in respect of the aggregate number of shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock of any holder that are converted, that holder will be entitled to receive an amount in cash (computed to the nearest cent) equal to the product of: (i) that same fraction and (ii) the average VWAP of our Common Stock over the five consecutive trading day period beginning on, and including, the seventh scheduled trading day immediately preceding the conversion date.

If more than one share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is surrendered for conversion at one time by or for the same holder, the number of full shares of our Common Stock issuable upon conversion thereof shall be computed on the basis of the aggregate number of shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock so surrendered.

 

S-39


Table of Contents

Anti-dilution Adjustments

Each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted if:

(1) We issue shares of Common Stock to all holders of our Common Stock as a dividend or other distribution, in which event, each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted based on the following formula:

 

LOGO

where,

 

CR0

     =       the fixed conversion rate in effect immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for determination of the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such dividend or other distribution;

CR1

     =       the fixed conversion rate in effect at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for determination of the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such dividend or other distribution;

OS0

     =       the number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for such determination; and

OS1

     =       the number of shares of our Common Stock that would be outstanding immediately after, and solely as a result of, such dividend or other distribution.

Any adjustment made pursuant to this clause (1) will become effective immediately after 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for such determination. If any dividend or distribution described in this clause (1) is declared but not so paid or made, each fixed conversion rate shall be readjusted, effective as of the date our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, publicly announces its decision not to pay or make such dividend or distribution, to such fixed conversion rate that would be in effect if such dividend or distribution had not been declared. For the purposes of this clause (1), the number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for such determination shall not include shares that we hold in treasury. We will not pay any dividend or make any distribution on shares of our Common Stock that we hold in treasury.

(2) We issue to all holders of shares of our Common Stock rights or warrants (other than rights or warrants issued pursuant to a dividend reinvestment plan or share purchase plan or other similar plans) entitling them, for a period of up to 45 calendar days from the date of issuance of such rights or warrants, to subscribe for or purchase our Common Stock at less than the “current market price” (as defined below) of shares of our Common Stock, in which case each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted based on the following formula:

 

LOGO

where,

 

CR0

     =       the fixed conversion rate in effect immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for determination of the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such rights or warrants;

CR1

     =       the fixed conversion rate in effect at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for determination of the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such rights or warrants;

OS0

     =       the number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for such determination;

X

     =       the number of shares of our Common Stock issuable pursuant to such rights or warrants; and

Y

     =       the aggregate offering price payable to exercise such rights or warrants divided by the current market price of our Common Stock.

 

S-40


Table of Contents

Any adjustment made pursuant to this clause (2) will become effective immediately after 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for such determination. In the event that such rights or warrants described in this clause (2) are not so issued, each fixed conversion rate shall be readjusted, effective as of the date our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, publicly announces its decision not to issue such rights or warrants, to such fixed conversion rate that would then be in effect if such issuance had not been declared. To the extent that such rights or warrants are not exercised prior to their expiration or our Common Stock is otherwise not delivered pursuant to such rights or warrants upon the exercise of such rights or warrants, each fixed conversion rate shall be readjusted to such fixed conversion rate that would then be in effect had the adjustment made upon the issuance of such rights or warrants been made on the basis of the delivery of only the number of shares of our Common Stock actually delivered. In determining whether any rights or warrants entitle the holders thereof to subscribe for or purchase Common Stock at less than the current market price, and in determining the aggregate offering price payable to exercise such rights or warrants, there shall be taken into account any consideration received for such rights or warrants and the value of such consideration (if other than cash, to be determined in good faith by our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, which determination shall be final). For the purposes of this clause (2), the number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for such determination shall not include shares that we hold in treasury. We will not issue any such rights or warrants in respect of shares of our Common Stock that we hold in treasury.

(3) We subdivide or combine our Common Stock, in which event, each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted based on the following formula:

 

LOGO

where,

 

CR0

     =       the fixed conversion rate in effect immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the effective date of such subdivision or combination;

CR1

     =       the fixed conversion rate in effect at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on such effective date;

OS0

     =       the number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on such effective date (prior to giving effect to such subdivision or combination); and

OS1

     =       the number of shares of our Common Stock that would be outstanding immediately after, and solely as a result of, such subdivision or combination.

Any adjustment made pursuant to this clause (3) shall become effective immediately after 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the effective date of such subdivision or combination.

(4) We distribute to all holders of our Common Stock evidences of our indebtedness, shares of our capital stock, securities, rights to acquire shares of our capital stock, cash or other assets, excluding:

 

   

any dividend or distribution covered by clause (1) above;

 

   

any rights or warrants covered by clause (2) above (without regard to the exclusions thereunder);

 

   

any dividend or distribution covered by clause (5) below (without regard to the exclusions thereunder); and

 

   

any spin-off to which the provisions set forth below in this clause (4) shall apply,

 

S-41


Table of Contents

in which event each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted based on the following formula:

 

LOGO

where,

 

CR0

   =    the fixed conversion rate in effect immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for the determination of holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such distribution;

CR1

   =    the fixed conversion rate in effect at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for the determination of holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such distribution;

CMP

   =    the current market price of our Common Stock; and

FMV

   =    the fair market value, as determined by our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, in good faith (which determination shall be final), on such date fixed for determination of the portion of the evidences of indebtedness, shares of our capital stock, securities, rights to acquire shares of our capital stock, cash or other assets so distributed applicable to one share of our Common Stock.

In the event that we make a distribution to all holders of our Common Stock consisting of capital stock of, or similar equity interests in, or relating to a subsidiary or other business unit of ours (herein referred to as a “spin-off”), each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted based on the following formula:

 

LOGO

where,

 

CR0

   =    the fixed conversion rate in effect immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for the determination of holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such distribution;

CR1

   =    the fixed conversion rate in effect at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for the determination of holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such distribution;

CMP

   =    the current market price of our Common Stock; and

FMV

   =    the fair market value, as determined by our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, in good faith (which determination shall be final), of the portion of those shares of capital stock or similar equity interests so distributed applicable to one share of our Common Stock as of the 15th trading day after the effective date for such distribution (or, if such shares of capital stock or equity interests are listed on a U.S. national or regional securities exchange, the current market price of such securities).

Any adjustment made pursuant to this clause (4) shall become effective immediately after 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for the determination of the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such distribution. In the event that such distribution described in this clause (4) is not so made, each fixed conversion rate shall be readjusted, effective as of the date our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, publicly announces its decision not to make such distribution, to such fixed conversion rate that would then be in effect if such distribution had not been declared. If an adjustment to each fixed conversion rate is required under this clause (4) during any settlement period or any early conversion settlement period in respect of shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that have been tendered for conversion, delivery of the Common Stock issuable upon conversion will be delayed to the extent necessary in order to complete the calculations provided for in this clause (4).

 

S-42


Table of Contents

(5) We pay or make a dividend or other distribution consisting exclusively of cash to all holders of our Common Stock, excluding:

 

   

any regular quarterly cash dividends or distributions of up to $0.32 per share of our Common Stock (the “initial dividend threshold”);

 

   

any cash that is distributed in a reorganization event (as described below);

 

   

any dividend or other distribution in connection with our voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up; and

 

   

any consideration payable as part of a tender or exchange offer;

in which event, each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted based on the following formula:

 

LOGO

where,

 

CR0

   =    the fixed conversion rate in effect immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for determination of the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such dividend or other distribution;

CR1

   =    the fixed conversion rate in effect at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for determination of the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such dividend or other distribution;

CMP

   =    the current market price of our Common Stock; and

C

   =    the amount of cash per share of our Common Stock of such dividend or other distribution; provided that in the case of a regular quarterly cash dividend or distribution, such amount shall only include the amount of such dividend or distribution in excess of the initial dividend threshold.

The initial dividend threshold is subject to adjustment in a manner inversely proportional to adjustments to the fixed conversion rates; provided that no adjustment will be made to the initial dividend threshold for any adjustment to the fixed conversion rates under this clause (5). Any adjustment made pursuant to this clause (5) shall become effective immediately after 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date fixed for the determination of the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive such dividend or other distribution. In the event that any dividend or other distribution described in this clause (5) is not so paid or so made, each fixed conversion rate shall be readjusted, effective as of the date our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, publicly announces its decision not to pay such dividend or make such other distribution, to such fixed conversion rate which would then be in effect if such dividend or other distribution had not been declared.

 

S-43


Table of Contents

(6) We or any of our subsidiaries successfully complete a tender or exchange offer pursuant to a Schedule TO or registration statement on Form S-4 for our Common Stock (excluding any securities convertible or exchangeable for our Common Stock), where the cash and the value of any other consideration included in the payment per share of our Common Stock exceeds the current market price of our Common Stock, in which event each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted based on the following formula:

 

LOGO

where,

 

CR0

    =       the fixed conversion rate in effect immediately prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the date of expiration of the tender or exchange offer (the “expiration date”);

CR1

    =       the fixed conversion rate in effect at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the expiration date;

FMV

    =       the aggregate cash and fair market value (as determined in good faith by our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, which determination shall be final) on the expiration date of any other consideration paid or payable for shares of Common Stock purchased in such tender or exchange offer;

CMP

    =       the current market price of our Common Stock;

OS0

    =       the number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding at the time such tender or exchange offer expires, including any purchased shares; and

OS1

    =       the number of shares of our Common Stock outstanding at the time such tender or exchange offer expires, less any purchased shares.

Any adjustment made pursuant to this clause (6) shall become effective immediately after 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the 10th trading day immediately following the expiration date but will be given effect as of 9:00 a.m., New York City time, on the expiration date for the tender or exchange offer. In the event that we are, or one of our subsidiaries is, obligated to purchase our Common Stock pursuant to any such tender offer or exchange offer, but we are, or such subsidiary is, permanently prevented by applicable law from effecting any such purchases, or all such purchases are rescinded, then each fixed conversation rate shall be readjusted to be such fixed conversion rate that would then be in effect if such tender offer or exchange offer had not been made. Except as set forth in the preceding sentence, if the application of this clause (6) to any tender offer or exchange offer would result in a decrease in each fixed conversation rate, no adjustment shall be made for such tender offer or exchange offer under this clause (6). If an adjustment to each fixed conversion rate is required pursuant to this clause (6) during any settlement period or any early conversion settlement period in respect of shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that have been tendered for conversion, delivery of the related conversion consideration will be delayed to the extent necessary in order to complete the calculations provided for in this clause (6).

Except with respect to a spin-off, in cases where the fair market value of the evidences of our indebtedness, shares of capital stock, securities, rights to acquire our capital stock, cash or other assets as to which clauses (4) or (5) above apply, applicable to one share of our Common Stock, distributed to stockholders equals or exceeds the current market price (as determined for purposes of calculating the conversion rate adjustment pursuant to such clause (4) or (5)), rather than being entitled to an adjustment in each fixed conversion rate, holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive upon conversion, in addition to a number of shares of our Common Stock otherwise deliverable on the applicable conversion date, the kind and amount of the evidences of our indebtedness, shares of capital stock, securities, rights to acquire our capital stock, cash or other assets comprising the distribution that such holder would have received if such holder had owned, immediately prior to the record date for determining the holders of our Common Stock entitled to receive the distribution, for each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, a number of shares of our Common Stock equal to the maximum conversion rate in effect on the date of such distribution.

 

S-44


Table of Contents

To the extent that we have a rights plan in effect with respect to our Common Stock on any conversion date, upon conversion of any Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, you will receive, in addition to Common Stock, the rights under the rights plan, unless, prior to such conversion date, the rights have separated from our Common Stock, in which case each fixed conversion rate will be adjusted at the time of separation as if we made a distribution to all holders of our Common Stock as described in clause (4) above, subject to readjustment in the event of the expiration, termination or redemption of such rights. Any distribution of rights pursuant to a rights plan that would allow you to receive upon conversion, in addition to any Common Stock, the rights described therein (unless such rights have separated from our Common Stock) shall not constitute a distribution of rights that would entitle you to an adjustment to the conversion rate.

For the purposes of determining the adjustment to the fixed conversion rate for the purposes of:

 

   

clauses (2), (4) (but only in the event of an adjustment thereunder not relating to a spin-off) and (5) above, the “current market price” of our Common Stock is the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the five consecutive trading day period ending on the trading day before the “ex-date” (as defined below) with respect to the issuance or distribution requiring such computation;

 

   

clause (4) above in the event of an adjustment thereunder relating to a spin-off, the “current market price” of our Common Stock and the capital stock or equity interests of the subsidiary or other business unit being distributed, as applicable, is the average VWAP per share over the first ten consecutive trading days commencing on and including the fifth trading day following the effective date of such distribution; and

 

   

clause (6) above, the “current market price” of our Common Stock is the average VWAP per share of our Common Stock over the ten consecutive trading day period commencing on, and including, the trading day next succeeding the expiration date of the tender or exchange offer.

The term “ex-date,” when used with respect to any issuance or distribution, means the first date on which shares of our Common Stock trade without the right to receive such issuance or distribution.

In addition, we may make such increases in each fixed conversion rate as we deem advisable in order to avoid or diminish any income tax to holders of our Common Stock resulting from any dividend or distribution of shares of our Common Stock (or issuance of rights or warrants to acquire shares of our Common Stock) or from any event treated as such for income tax purposes or for any other reason. We may only make such a discretionary adjustment if we make the same proportionate adjustment to each fixed conversion rate.

In the event of a taxable distribution to holders of our Common Stock that results in an adjustment of each fixed conversion rate or an increase in each fixed conversion rate in our discretion, holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock may, in certain circumstances, be deemed to have received a distribution subject to U.S. federal income tax as a dividend. See “Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.”

Adjustments to the fixed conversion rates will be calculated to the nearest 1/10,000th of a share of our Common Stock. Prior to the mandatory conversion date, no adjustment in a fixed conversion rate will be required unless the adjustment would require an increase or decrease of at least one percent in such fixed conversion rate. If any adjustment is not required to be made because it would not change the fixed conversion rates by at least one percent, then the adjustment will be carried forward and taken into account in any subsequent adjustment; provided, however, that on the earlier of the mandatory conversion date, an early conversion date and the effective date of a fundamental change, adjustments to the fixed conversion rates will be made with respect to any such adjustment carried forward that has not been taken into account before such date.

No adjustment to the fixed conversion rates will be made if holders of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock may participate, at the same time, upon the same terms and otherwise on the same basis as holders of our

 

S-45


Table of Contents

Common Stock and solely as a result of holding Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, in the transaction that would otherwise give rise to such adjustment as if they held, for each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, a number of shares of our Common Stock equal to the maximum conversion rate then in effect.

The fixed conversion rates will not be adjusted:

 

  (a) upon the issuance of any shares of our Common Stock pursuant to any present or future plan providing for the reinvestment of dividends or interest payable on our securities and the investment of additional optional amounts in Common Stock under any plan;

 

  (b) upon the issuance of any shares of our Common Stock or rights or warrants to purchase those shares pursuant to any present or future benefit or other incentive plan or program of or assumed by us or any of our subsidiaries;

 

  (c) upon the issuance of any shares of our Common Stock pursuant to any option, warrant, right or exercisable, exchangeable or convertible security outstanding as of the date the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock were first issued;

 

  (d) for a change in the par value of our Common Stock;

 

  (e) for stock repurchases that are not tender offers, including structured or derivative transactions;

 

  (f) as a result of a tender offer solely to holders of fewer than 100 shares of our Common Stock; or

 

  (g) for accumulated dividends on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, except as described above under “—Mandatory Conversion,” “—Conversion at the Option of the Holder” and “—Conversion at the Option of the Holder upon Fundamental Change; Fundamental Change Dividend Make-whole Amount.”

We will be required, within ten business days after the fixed conversion rates are adjusted, to provide or cause to be provided written notice of the adjustment to the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. We will also be required to deliver a statement setting forth in reasonable detail the method by which the adjustment to each fixed conversion rate was determined and setting forth each revised fixed conversion rate.

If an adjustment is made to the fixed conversion rates, (x) an inversely proportional adjustment also will be made to the threshold appreciation price and the initial price solely for the purposes of determining which clause of the definition of the conversion rate will apply on the mandatory conversion date and (y) an inversely proportional adjustment will also be made to the floor price. Whenever the terms of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock require us to calculate the VWAP per share of our Common Stock over a span of multiple days, our board of directors, or an authorized committee thereof, will make appropriate adjustments (including, without limitation, to the applicable market value, the early conversion average price, the current market price and the average price (as the case may be)) to account for any adjustments to the initial price, the threshold appreciation price, the floor price and the fixed conversion rates (as the case may be) that become effective, or any event that would require such an adjustment if the ex-date, effective date or expiration date (as the case may be) of such event occurs, during the relevant period used to calculate such prices or values (as the case may be).

If:

 

   

the record date for a dividend or distribution on shares of our Common Stock occurs after the end of the 20 consecutive trading day period used for calculating the applicable market value and before the mandatory conversion date; and

 

   

that dividend or distribution would have resulted in an adjustment of the number of shares issuable to the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock had such record date occurred on or before the last trading day of such 20-trading day period,

 

S-46


Table of Contents

then we will deem the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to be holders of record of our Common Stock for purposes of that dividend or distribution. In this case, the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock would receive the dividend or distribution on our Common Stock together with the number of shares of our Common Stock issuable upon mandatory conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Recapitalizations, Reclassifications and Changes of Our Common Stock

In the event of:

 

   

any consolidation or merger of us with or into another person (other than a merger or consolidation in which we are the surviving corporation and in which the shares of our Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to the merger or consolidation are not exchanged for cash, securities or other property of us or another person);

 

   

any sale, transfer, lease or conveyance to another person of all or substantially all of our and our subsidiaries’ property and assets;

 

   

any reclassification of our Common Stock into other securities; or

 

   

any statutory exchange of our securities with another person (other than in connection with a merger or acquisition),

in each case, as a result of which our Common Stock would be converted into, or exchanged for, securities, cash or other property (each, a “reorganization event”), each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock outstanding immediately prior to such reorganization event shall, without the consent of the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, become convertible into the kind of securities, cash and other property that such holder would have been entitled to receive if such holder had converted its Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock into Common Stock immediately prior to such reorganization event (such securities, cash and other property, the “exchange property,” with each “unit of exchange property” meaning the kind and amount of exchange property that a holder of one share of Common Stock is entitled to receive). For purposes of the foregoing, the type and amount of exchange property in the case of any reorganization event that causes our Common Stock to be converted into the right to receive more than a single type of consideration (determined based in part upon any form of stockholder election) will be deemed to be the weighted average of the types and amounts of consideration received by the holders of our Common Stock that affirmatively make such an election (or of all holders of our Common Stock if none makes an election). We will notify holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock of the weighted average as soon as practicable after such determination is made. The number of units of exchange property for each share of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock converted following the effective date of such reorganization event will be determined as if references to our Common Stock in the description of the conversion rate applicable upon mandatory conversion, conversion at the option of the holder and conversion at the option of the holder upon a fundamental change were to units of exchange property (without interest thereon and without any right to dividends or distributions thereon which have a record date prior to the date such Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is actually converted). For the purpose of determining which bullet of the definition of conversion rate in the second paragraph under “—Mandatory Conversion” will apply upon mandatory conversion, and for the purpose of calculating the conversion rate if the second bullet is applicable, the value of a unit of exchange property will be determined in good faith by our board of directors or an authorized committee thereof (which determination will be final), except that if a unit of exchange property includes Common Stock or ADRs that are traded on a U.S. national securities exchange, the value of such Common Stock or ADRs will be the average over the 20 consecutive trading day period used for calculating the applicable market value of the volume-weighted average prices for such Common Stock or ADRs, as displayed on the applicable Bloomberg screen (as determined in good faith by our board of directors or an authorized committee thereof (which determination will be final)); or, if such price is not available, the average market value per share of such Common Stock or ADRs over such period as determined, using a volume-weighted average method, by a nationally recognized independent investment banking firm retained by

 

S-47


Table of Contents

us for this purpose. We (or any successor to us) will, as soon as reasonably practicable (but in any event within 20 calendar days) after the occurrence of any reorganization event, provide written notice to the holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock of such occurrence and of the kind and amount of cash, securities or other property that constitute the exchange property. Failure to deliver such notice will not affect the operation of the provisions described in this section.

Reservation of Shares

We will at all times reserve and keep available out of the authorized and unissued Common Stock, solely for issuance upon conversion of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, a number of shares of our Common Stock equal to the product of the maximum conversion rate then in effect and the number of shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock then outstanding.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

Computershare is the transfer agent, registrar and conversion and dividend disbursing agent for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Book-Entry, Delivery and Form

The Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be issued in global form. DTC or its nominee will be the sole registered holder of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. Ownership of beneficial interests in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in global form will be limited to persons who have accounts with DTC (“participants”) or persons who hold interests through such participants. Ownership of beneficial interests in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in global form will be shown on, and the transfer of that ownership will be effected only through, records maintained by DTC or its nominee (with respect to interests of participants) and the records of participants (with respect to interests of persons other than participants).

So long as DTC, or its nominee, is the registered owner or holder of a global certificate representing the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, DTC or such nominee, as the case may be, will be considered the sole holder of the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such global certificate for all purposes under the Certificate of Designations establishing the terms of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. No beneficial owner of an interest in the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in global form will be able to transfer that interest except in accordance with the applicable procedures of DTC in addition to those provided for under the Certificate of Designations establishing the terms of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Payments of dividends on the global certificate representing the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be made to DTC or its nominee, as the case may be, as the registered holder thereof. None of us, the transfer agent, registrar, conversion or dividend disbursing agent will have any responsibility or liability for any aspect of the records relating to or payments made on account of beneficial ownership interests in a global certificate representing the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or for maintaining, supervising or reviewing any records relating to such beneficial ownership interests.

We expect that DTC or its nominee, upon receipt of any payment of dividends in respect of a global certificate representing the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, will credit participants’ accounts with payments in amounts proportionate to their respective beneficial ownership interests in the aggregate liquidation preference of such global certificate representing the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock as shown on the records of DTC or its nominee, as the case may be. We also expect that payments by participants to owners of beneficial interests in such global certificate representing the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock held through such participants will be governed by standing instructions

 

S-48


Table of Contents

and customary practices, as is now the case with securities held for the accounts of customers registered in the names of nominees for such customers. Such payments will be the responsibility of such participants.

Transfers between participants in DTC will be effected in the ordinary way in accordance with DTC rules and will be settled in same-day funds.

We understand that DTC is:

 

   

a limited purpose trust company organized under the laws of the State of New York;

 

   

a “banking organization” within the meaning of New York Banking Law;

 

   

a member of the Federal Reserve System;

 

   

a “clearing corporation” within the meaning of the Uniform Commercial Code; and

 

   

a “Clearing Agency” registered pursuant to the provisions of Section 17A of the Exchange Act.

DTC was created to hold securities for its participants and facilitate the clearance and settlement of securities transactions between participants through electronic book-entry changes in accounts of its participants, thereby eliminating the need for physical movement of certificates. Participants include:

 

   

securities brokers and dealers;

 

   

banks and trust companies; and

 

   

clearing corporations and certain other organizations.

Indirect access to the DTC system is available to others such as banks, brokers, dealers and trust companies that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a participant, either directly or indirectly (indirect participants).

Although DTC is expected to follow the foregoing procedures in order to facilitate transfers of interests in a global security among its participants, it is under no obligation to perform or continue to perform such procedures, and such procedures may be discontinued at any time. None of us, the transfer agent, registrar, conversion or dividend disbursing agent will have any responsibility for the performance by DTC or its participants or indirect participants of their respective obligations under the rules and procedures governing their operations.

If DTC is at any time unwilling or unable to continue as a depositary for the shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in global form or DTC ceases to be registered as a clearing agency under the Exchange Act, and in either case a successor depositary is not appointed by us within 90 calendar days, we will issue certificated shares in exchange for the global securities.

The information in this section concerning DTC and its book-entry system has been obtained from sources that we believe to be reliable, but we take no responsibility for the accuracy thereof.

 

S-49


Table of Contents

DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK

The description below summarizes the general terms of our Common Stock. This section is a summary, and it does not describe every aspect of our Common Stock. This summary is subject to and qualified in its entirety by reference to the provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation and our By-Laws and the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”). Copies of our Certificate of Incorporation and By-Laws have been filed or incorporated by reference as exhibits to SEC filings incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement.

The information appearing under this caption “Description of Common Stock” supplements and, to the extent inconsistent, replaces the information appearing in the accompanying prospectus under the caption “Description of Securities—Description of Common Stock.” For a general description of certain terms and provisions of our preferred stock, see “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock” in this prospectus supplement and “Description of Securities—Description of Preferred Stock” in the accompanying prospectus.

In this offering, we are issuing Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock which will impact the rights of holders of our Common Stock. For additional information, see “Risk Factors—Risks related to this offering.” You should read the following description of our Common Stock in light of this information.

Authorized Shares

As of the date of this prospectus supplement, we are authorized to issue up to one billion (1,000,000,000) shares of Common Stock with one cent ($0.01) par value per share.

Voting Rights

With respect to all matters upon which stockholders are entitled to vote, the holders of the outstanding shares of Common Stock are entitled to one (1) vote in person or by proxy for each share of Common Stock outstanding in the name of such stockholders on the record of stockholders. Generally, all matters to be voted on by stockholders must be approved by a majority (or by a plurality in the case of election of directors where the number of candidates nominated for election exceeds the number of directors to be elected) of the votes entitled to be cast by all shares of Common Stock present in person or by proxy.

Dividends and Other Distributions

Subject to applicable law and rights, if any, of the holders of any outstanding series of preferred stock or any class or series of stock having a preference over the Common Stock with respect to the payment of dividends and other distributions, dividends and other distributions may be declared and paid on the Common Stock from time to time and in amounts as our board of directors may determine. We pay regular dividends and other distributions, but the amount, timing and frequency of any distribution are at the sole discretion of our board of directors. Dividends and other distributions are declared based upon various factors, including without limitation distributions required to maintain REIT status. The loan agreements for our credit facilities contain covenants that restrict our ability to pay dividends and other distributions unless certain financial covenants are satisfied.

Liquidation Rights

Upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, the holders of Common Stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets available for distribution after payment in full to creditors and payment in full to holders of preferred stock then outstanding of any amount required to be paid to them. Neither the merger, consolidation or business combination of American Tower with or into any other entity in which our stockholders receive capital stock and/or other securities (including debt securities) of the surviving entity (or the direct or indirect parent entity thereof), nor the sale, lease or transfer by us of any part of our business and assets, nor the reduction of our capital stock, shall be deemed to be a voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up.

 

S-50


Table of Contents

Other Provisions

The holders of Common Stock have no preemptive, subscription or redemption rights and are not entitled to the benefit of any sinking fund. The shares of Common Stock presently outstanding are validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

We may not subdivide, combine, or pay or declare any stock dividend on, the outstanding shares of Common Stock unless all outstanding shares of Common Stock are subdivided or combined or the holders of Common Stock receive a proportionate dividend.

Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer

For us to comply with and have maximum business flexibility under the Federal Communications Laws (defined in our Certificate of Incorporation and including the Communications Act of 1934, as amended), and for us to qualify as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), our Certificate of Incorporation contains restrictions on stock ownership and stock transfers. These ownership and transfer restrictions could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for our Common Stock or otherwise be in the best interests of the stockholders.

Federal Communications Laws Restrictions. Our Certificate of Incorporation permits us to restrict the ownership or proposed ownership of shares of our stock if that ownership or proposed ownership (i) is or could be inconsistent with, or in violation of, Federal Communications Laws (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation); (ii) limits or impairs, or could limit or impair, our business activities or proposed business activities under the Federal Communications Laws; or (iii) subjects or could subject us to CFIUS Review (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) or to any provision of the Federal Communications Laws, including those requiring any review, authorization or approval, to which we would not be subject but for that ownership or proposed ownership, including, without limitation, Section 310 of the Communications Act and regulations relating to foreign ownership, multiple ownership or cross-ownership (clauses (i) through (iii) above are collectively referred to as FCC Regulatory Limitations). We reserve the right to require any person to whom a FCC Regulatory Limitation may apply to promptly furnish to us such information (including, without limitation, information with respect to the citizenship, other ownership interests and affiliations) as we may request. If such person fails to furnish all of the information we request, or we conclude that such person’s ownership or proposed ownership of our stock, or the exercise by such person of any rights of stock ownership in connection with our stock, may result in a FCC Regulatory Limitation, we reserve the right to:

 

   

refuse to permit the transfer of shares of our Common Stock and/or preferred stock to such person;

 

   

to the fullest extent permitted by law, suspend those rights of stock ownership the exercise of which may cause the FCC Regulatory Limitation;

 

   

require the conversion of any or all shares of our preferred stock held by such person into a number of shares of our Common Stock of equivalent value;

 

   

redeem the shares of our Common Stock and/or our preferred stock held by such person pursuant to the procedures set forth below; and/or

 

   

exercise any and all appropriate remedies, at law or in equity, in any court of competent jurisdiction, against any such person, with a view toward obtaining the information or preventing or curing any situation that may cause a FCC Regulatory Limitation.

The following procedures apply to the redemption of such person’s shares of our Common Stock and/or preferred stock:

 

   

the redemption price of any redeemed shares of our Common Stock or preferred stock shall be the fair market value (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) of those shares;

 

S-51


Table of Contents
   

the redemption price may be paid in cash or any other of our debt or equity securities or any combination thereof;

 

   

the board of directors in its sole discretion may decide to only redeem some (and not all) of such person’s shares, which may include the selection of the most recently purchased or acquired shares, selection by lot or selection by such other manner as the board of directors may determine;

 

   

we must provide at least 15 days’ prior written notice of the date on which we plan to effect the redemption (unless waived by such person); provided, that the redemption date may be the date on which written notice is given to such person if the cash (or any other of our debt or equity securities) necessary to effect the redemption has been deposited in trust for the benefit of such person and is subject to immediate withdrawal by such person upon surrender of the stock certificates for the redeemed shares;

 

   

from and after the date of the redemption, any and all rights relating to the redeemed shares shall cease and terminate and such person shall only possess the right to obtain cash (or such other of our debt or equity securities) payable upon the redemption; and

 

   

such other terms and conditions as the board of directors may determine.

REIT Restrictions. For us to qualify as a REIT under the Code, our stock must be beneficially owned by 100 or more persons during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months or during a proportionate part of a shorter taxable year (other than the first year for which an election to be a REIT has been made). In addition, not more than 50% of the value of the outstanding shares of our stock may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer “individuals” (as defined in the Code to include certain entities such as private foundations) during the last half of a taxable year (other than the first taxable year for which an election to be a REIT has been made). To ensure that these ownership requirements and other requirements for continued qualification as a REIT are met and to otherwise protect us from the consequences of a concentration of ownership among our stockholders, our Certificate of Incorporation contains provisions restricting the ownership or transfer of shares of our stock.

The relevant sections of our Certificate of Incorporation provide that, subject to the exceptions and the constructive ownership rules described below, no person (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) may beneficially or constructively own more than 9.8% in value of our aggregate outstanding stock, or more than 9.8% in value or number (whichever is more restrictive) of the outstanding shares of any class or series of our stock. We refer to these restrictions as the “ownership limits.”

The applicable constructive ownership rules under the Code are complex and may cause stock owned, actually or constructively, by a group of related individuals or entities to be treated as owned by one individual or entity. As a result, the acquisition of less than 9.8% in value of our aggregate outstanding stock or less than 9.8% in value or number of our outstanding shares of any class or series of stock (including through the acquisition of an interest in an entity that owns, actually or constructively, any class or series of our stock) by an individual or entity could nevertheless cause that individual or entity, or another individual or entity, to own, constructively or beneficially, in excess of 9.8% in value of our aggregate outstanding stock or 9.8% in value or number of our outstanding shares of any class or series of stock.

In addition to the ownership limits, our Certificate of Incorporation prohibits any person from actually or constructively owning shares of our stock to the extent that such ownership would cause any of our income that would otherwise qualify as “rents from real property” for purposes of Section 856(d) of the Code to fail to qualify as such.

The board of directors may, in its sole discretion, exempt a person from the ownership limits and certain other REIT limits on ownership and transfer of our stock described above, and may establish a different limit on ownership for that person. However, the board of directors may not exempt any person whose ownership of outstanding stock in violation of these limits would result in our failing to qualify as a REIT. In order to be

 

S-52


Table of Contents

considered by the board of directors for an exemption or a different limit on ownership, a person must make such representations and undertakings as are reasonably necessary to ascertain that the person’s beneficial or constructive ownership of our stock will not now or in the future jeopardize our ability to qualify as a REIT and must agree that any violation or attempted violation of those representations or undertakings (or other action that is contrary to the ownership limits and certain other REIT limits on ownership and transfer of our stock described above) will result in the shares of stock being automatically transferred to a trust as described below. As a condition of its waiver, the board of directors may require an opinion of counsel or IRS ruling satisfactory to it with respect to our qualification as a REIT and may impose such other conditions as it deems appropriate in connection with the granting of the exemption or different limit on ownership.

In connection with the waiver of the ownership limits or at any other time, the board of directors may from time to time increase the ownership limits for one or more persons and decrease the ownership limits for all other persons; provided that the new ownership limits may not, after giving effect to such increase and under certain assumptions stated in our Certificate of Incorporation, result in us being “closely held” within the meaning of Section 856(h) of the Code (without regard to whether the ownership interests are held during the last half of a taxable year). Reduced ownership limits will not apply to any person whose percentage ownership of our aggregate outstanding stock or of the shares of a class or series of our stock, as applicable, is in excess of such decreased ownership limits until such time as that person’s percentage of our aggregate outstanding stock or of the shares of a class or series of stock, as applicable, equals or falls below the decreased ownership limits, but any further acquisition of shares of our stock or of a class or series of our stock, as applicable, in excess of such percentage ownership of shares of stock or of a class or series of stock will be in violation of the ownership limits.

Our Certificate of Incorporation further prohibits:

 

   

any person from transferring shares of our stock if the transfer would result in our aggregate outstanding stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons (determined without reference to any rules of attribution); and

 

   

any person from beneficially or constructively owning shares of our stock if that ownership would result in our failing to qualify as a REIT.

The foregoing provisions on transferability and ownership will not apply if the board of directors determines that it is no longer in our best interests to attempt to qualify, or to continue to qualify, as a REIT.

Any person who acquires, or attempts or intends to acquire, beneficial or constructive ownership of shares of our stock that will or may violate the ownership limits or any of the other foregoing restrictions on transferability and ownership will be required to give notice to us immediately (or, in the case of a proposed or attempted transaction, at least 15 days prior to the transaction) and provide us with such other information as we may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of the transfer on our qualification as a REIT.

Pursuant to our Certificate of Incorporation, if there is any purported transfer of our stock or other event or change of circumstances that, if effective or otherwise, would violate any of the restrictions described above, then the number of shares causing the violation (rounded up to the nearest whole share) will be automatically transferred to a trust for the exclusive benefit of a designated charitable beneficiary, except that any transfer that results in the violation of the restriction relating to our stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons will be automatically void and of no force or effect. The automatic transfer will be effective as of the close of business on the business day prior to the date of the purported transfer or other event or change of circumstances that requires the transfer to the trust. We refer below to the person that would have owned the shares if they had not been transferred to the trust as the purported transferee. Any ordinary dividend paid to the purported transferee prior to our discovery that the shares had been automatically transferred to a trust as described above must be repaid to the trustee upon demand. Our Certificate of Incorporation also provides for adjustments to the entitlement to receive extraordinary dividends and other distributions as between the purported transferee and the

 

S-53


Table of Contents

trust. If the transfer to the trust as described above is not automatically effective for any reason, to prevent violation of the applicable restriction contained in our Certificate of Incorporation, the transfer of the excess shares will be automatically void and of no force or effect.

Shares of our stock transferred to the trustee are deemed to be offered for sale to us or our designee at a price per share equal to the lesser of (i) the price per share in the transaction that resulted in the transfer to the trust or, if the purported transferee did not give value for the shares in connection with the event causing the shares to be held in trust (e.g., in the case of a gift, devise or other similar transaction), the market price on the day of the event and (ii) the market price on the date we accept, or our designee accepts, the offer. We have the right to accept the offer until the trustee has sold the shares of our stock held in the trust pursuant to the clauses discussed below. Upon a sale to us, the interest of the charitable beneficiary in the shares sold terminates and the trustee must distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the purported transferee, except that the trustee may reduce the amount payable to the purported transferee by the amount of any ordinary dividends that we paid to the purported transferee prior to our discovery that the shares had been transferred to the trust and that is owed by the purported transferee to the trustee as described above. Any net sales proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the purported transferee will be immediately paid to the charitable beneficiary, and any ordinary dividends held by the trustee with respect to the stock will be paid to the charitable beneficiary.

If we do not buy the shares, the trustee must, as soon as reasonably practicable (and, if the shares are listed on a national securities exchange, within 20 days) after receiving notice from us of the transfer of shares to the trust, sell the shares to a person or entity who could own the shares without violating the restrictions described above. Upon such a sale, the trustee must distribute to the purported transferee an amount equal to the lesser of (i) the price paid by the purported transferee for the shares or, if the purported transferee did not give value for the shares in connection with the event causing the shares to be held in trust (e.g., in the case of a gift, devise or other such transaction), the market price of the shares on the day of the event causing the shares to be held in the trust, and (ii) the sales proceeds (net of commissions and other expenses of sale) received by the trustee for the shares. The trustee may reduce the amount payable to the purported transferee by the amount of any ordinary dividends that we paid to the purported transferee before our discovery that the shares had been transferred to the trust and that is owed by the purported transferee to the trustee as described above. Any net sales proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the purported transferee will be immediately paid to the charitable beneficiary, together with any ordinary dividends held by the trustee with respect to such stock. In addition, if prior to discovery by us that shares of stock have been transferred to a trust, the shares of stock are sold by a purported transferee, then the shares will be deemed to have been sold on behalf of the trust and, to the extent that the purported transferee received an amount for or in respect of the shares that exceeds the amount that the purported transferee was entitled to receive as described above, the excess amount will be paid to the trustee upon demand. The purported transferee has no rights in the shares held by the trustee.

The trustee will be indemnified by us or from the proceeds of sales of stock in the trust for its costs and expenses reasonably incurred in connection with conducting its duties and satisfying its obligations under our Certificate of Incorporation. The trustee will also be entitled to reasonable compensation for services provided as determined by agreement between the trustee and the board of directors, which compensation may be funded by us or the trust. If we pay any such indemnification or compensation, we are entitled on a first priority basis (subject to the trustee’s indemnification and compensation rights) to be reimbursed from the trust. To the extent the trust funds any such indemnification and compensation, the amounts available for payment to a purported transferee (or the charitable beneficiary) would be reduced.

The trustee will be designated by us and must be unaffiliated with us and with any purported transferee. Prior to the sale of any shares by the trust, the trustee will receive, in trust for the beneficiary, all distributions paid by us with respect to the shares, and may also exercise all voting rights with respect to the shares.

 

S-54


Table of Contents

Subject to the DGCL, effective as of the date that the shares have been transferred to the trust, the trustee will have the authority, at the trustee’s sole discretion:

 

   

to rescind as void any vote cast by a purported transferee prior to our discovery that the shares have been transferred to the trust; and

 

   

to recast the vote in accordance with the desires of the trustee acting for the benefit of the charitable beneficiary of the trust.

However, if we have already taken corporate action, then the trustee may not rescind and recast the vote.

In addition, if our board of directors determines that a proposed or purported transfer would violate the restrictions on ownership and transfer of our stock set forth in our Certificate of Incorporation, our board of directors may take such action as it deems advisable to refuse to give effect to or to prevent the violation, including but not limited to, causing us to repurchase shares of our stock, refusing to give effect to the transfer on our books or instituting proceedings to enjoin the transfer.

Following the end of each REIT taxable year, every owner of 5% or more (or such lower percentage as required by the Code or the Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder) of the outstanding shares of any class or series of our stock, must, upon request, provide us written notice of the person’s name and address, the number of shares of each class and series of our stock that the person beneficially owns and a description of the manner in which the shares are held. Each such owner must also provide us with such additional information as we may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of such owner’s beneficial ownership on our qualification as a REIT and to ensure compliance with the ownership limits. In addition, each beneficial owner or constructive owner of our stock, and any person (including the stockholder of record) who is holding shares of our stock for a beneficial owner or constructive owner will, upon demand, be required to provide us with such information as we may request in good faith in order to determine our qualification as a REIT and to comply with the requirements of any taxing authority or governmental authority or to determine such compliance.

As noted above, the rights, preferences and privileges of the holders of our Common Stock may be affected by the rights, preferences and privileges granted to holders of preferred stock, including the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. Because our board of directors will have the power to establish the preferences and rights of each series of preferred stock, it may afford the stockholders of any series of preferred stock preferences, powers and rights senior to the rights of holders of shares of our Common Stock that could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of American Tower. See “Description of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock” in this prospectus supplement and “Description of Preferred Stock” in the accompany prospectus for more information about our preferred stock.

Certain Anti-Takeover Provisions

Delaware Business Combination Provisions

We are subject to the provisions of Section 203 of the DGCL. Section 203 prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years after the person became an interested stockholder, unless the business combination or the transaction in which the stockholder became an interested stockholder is approved in a prescribed manner. A “business combination” includes mergers, asset sales and other transactions resulting in a financial benefit to the interested stockholder. Subject to certain exceptions, an “interested stockholder” is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within the prior three years owned, 15% or more of the corporation’s voting stock.

 

S-55


Table of Contents

Certain Provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation and By-Laws

Our By-Laws establish advance notice procedures with respect to stockholder proposals and the nomination of candidates for election of directors, other than nominations made by, or at the direction of, our board of directors. These procedures may impede stockholders’ ability to bring matters before a meeting of stockholders or make nominations for directors at a meeting of stockholders.

Our Certificate of Incorporation includes provisions eliminating the personal liability of our directors to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL and indemnifying our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL. The limitation of liability and indemnification provisions in our Certificate of Incorporation may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of their fiduciary duty. These provisions may also have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers, even though a derivative action, if successful, might otherwise benefit us and our stockholders. In addition, the value of investments in our securities may be adversely affected to the extent we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.

Our Certificate of Incorporation provides that any or all of the directors may be removed at any time, either with or without cause, by a vote of a majority of the shares outstanding and entitled to vote. This provision may delay or prevent our stockholders from removing incumbent directors.

The ownership and transfer restrictions contained in our Certificate of Incorporation, and described above, may have the effect of inhibiting or impeding a change in control.

Our Certificate of Incorporation and our By-Laws provide that our By-Laws may be altered, amended, changed or repealed by (i) the approval or consent of not less than a majority of the total outstanding shares of stock entitled to vote generally in the election of directors or (ii) a majority of the entire board of directors.

Certain Provisions of our Debt Obligations

Change of control and merger, consolidation and asset sale provisions in our indentures for our outstanding notes and loan agreements for our credit facilities may discourage a takeover attempt. These provisions may make acquiring us more difficult.

Listing of Common Stock

Our Common Stock is traded on the NYSE under the symbol “AMT.”

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar for our Common Stock is Computershare, P.O. Box 43006, Providence, RI 02940, (866) 201-5087.

 

S-56


Table of Contents

FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS RELEVANT TO HOLDERS OF OUR MANDATORY CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK

The following is a summary of the material U.S. federal income tax considerations relating to the acquisition, ownership and disposition of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, and to the acquisition, ownership and disposition of our Common Stock received upon conversion thereof or as distributions thereon. The opinion of our tax counsel, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, attached hereto as Exhibit 8.1, addresses this summary. This summary supplements a more detailed description of these matters in the accompanying prospectus, which we incorporate in this prospectus supplement by reference. This summary is based on applicable provisions of the Code, related rules and regulations and administrative and judicial interpretations, including guidance from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”), all as they exist as of the date of this prospectus supplement. The law is subject to change, possibly with retroactive effect. Future legislative, judicial or administrative actions or decisions could also affect the accuracy of statements made in this summary. This summary is not exhaustive of all possible tax consequences, and does not discuss any estate, gift, state, local, foreign, Medicare or alternative minimum tax consequences. For all these reasons, we urge any holder or prospective acquiror of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to consult with a tax advisor about the U.S. federal income tax and other tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or our Common Stock (collectively, “our stock”).

The summary is based on existing law, and is limited to investors who acquire or own our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or our Common Stock as investment assets rather than as inventory or as property used in a trade or business. It does not address tax considerations applicable to investors that may be subject to special tax rules, such as:

 

   

banks, insurance companies, regulated investment companies, REITs or other financial institution;

 

   

brokers, dealers or traders in securities or foreign currency;

 

   

persons who have a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar;

 

   

persons who acquire our stock in connection with employment or other performance of services;

 

   

persons subject to alternative minimum tax;

 

   

persons who acquire or hold our stock as a position in a straddle, hedging transaction, constructive sale transaction, constructive ownership transaction or conversion transaction, or as part of a “synthetic security” or other integrated financial transaction;

 

   

tax-exempt entities; or

 

   

expatriates.

Investors considering purchasing our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock should consult their tax advisors concerning the application of U.S. federal income tax laws to their particular situation as well as any consequences of the purchase, ownership and disposition of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or our Common Stock arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

Your U.S. federal income tax consequences may differ depending on whether or not you are a “U.S. stockholder.” For purposes of this summary, a “U.S. stockholder” is a beneficial owner of our stock that is:

 

   

an individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States, including an alien individual who is a lawful permanent resident of the United States or meets the substantial presence residency test under the U.S. federal income tax laws;

 

   

a corporation (or an entity treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes) that is created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia;

 

   

an estate the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source; or

 

S-57


Table of Contents
   

a trust if (i) a court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of the trust and one or more United States persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust, or (ii) an electing trust in existence on August 20, 1996, to the extent provided in Treasury regulations;

whose status as a U.S. stockholder is not overridden by an applicable tax treaty. Conversely, a “non-U.S. stockholder” is a beneficial owner of our stock who is not a U.S. stockholder. If a partnership (including any entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) is a beneficial owner of our stock, the tax treatment of a partner in the partnership generally will depend upon the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. A beneficial owner that is a partnership and partners in such a partnership should consult their tax advisors about the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of our stock.

Our Qualification and Taxation as a REIT

Effective for our tax year ended December 31, 2012, we have elected to be taxed as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. For a description of certain U.S. federal income tax considerations related to our qualification and taxation as a REIT, see “Federal Income Tax Considerations Related to Our Qualification and Taxation as a REIT” in the accompanying prospectus. Subject to qualifications and assumptions contained in its opinion and in the accompanying prospectus, our tax counsel has rendered a legal opinion that we have been organized and have qualified as a REIT under the Code for our 2012 and 2013 taxable years, and that our current investments and plan of operation will enable us to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code.

If we fail to qualify as a REIT or elect not to qualify as a REIT, our stockholders will be subject to tax in the same manner as stockholders of a C corporation. In that event, to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits, distributions to our stockholders will generally be taxable as ordinary dividends potentially eligible for a reduced maximum tax rate for noncorporate U.S. stockholders and, subject to limitations in the Code, will be eligible for the dividends received deduction for corporate U.S. stockholders. The remainder of this discussion assumes that we will continue to qualify and elect to be taxed as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

Taxation of Common Stock

For a summary of the material U.S. federal income tax considerations relevant to U.S. and non-U.S. stockholders, including tax-exempt stockholders, of Common Stock that is received on conversion of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or as a distribution thereon, see “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock” in the accompanying prospectus.

Taxation of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock

For a summary of the material U.S. federal income tax considerations relevant to U.S. and non-U.S. stockholders, including tax-exempt stockholders, of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, see “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock” in the accompanying prospectus, as supplemented by the following summary.

Distributions generally. A distribution on our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that we do not designate as a capital gain dividend generally will be treated as an ordinary income dividend to the extent of our available current or accumulated earnings and profits. Because we are a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, our ordinary dividend distributions to our stockholders will generally be ineligible for a reduced maximum tax rate for noncorporate U.S. stockholders and ineligible for the dividends received deduction for corporate U.S. stockholders. If a distribution exceeds our current and accumulated earnings and profits, the excess will be treated as a nontaxable return of capital to the extent of your tax basis in our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and thereafter as capital gain from the sale or exchange of such Mandatory

 

S-58


Table of Contents

Convertible Preferred Stock. Our current or accumulated earnings and profits, to the extent distributed, generally will be allocated first to distributions made on our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock and any outstanding preferred stock we may issue in the future, and thereafter to distributions made on our Common Stock.

Distributions made out of our current or accumulated earnings and profits that we properly designate as capital gain dividends generally will be taxed as long-term capital gains to the extent they do not exceed our actual net capital gain for the taxable year without regard to the period for which the stockholder has held the shares. However, corporate U.S. stockholders may be required to treat up to 20% of certain capital gain dividends as ordinary income. A portion of the capital gain dividends we designate will be allocated to the holders of a particular class of stock (including the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock) on a percentage basis equal to the ratio of the amount of the total dividends paid or made available for the year to the holders of that class of stock to the total dividends paid or made available for the year to holders of all outstanding classes of our stock. We will similarly designate the portion of any capital gain dividend that is to be taxed to noncorporate U.S. stockholders at reduced maximum rates (including any capital gains attributable to real estate depreciation recapture that are subject to a maximum 25% U.S. federal income tax rate) so that the designations will be proportionate among all outstanding classes of our stock.

As a general matter, distributions for purposes of the discussion in the accompanying prospectus under “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock” and in this prospectus supplement include not only distributions of cash that we make on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, but also, as explained below, both distributions of Common Stock on and certain constructive distributions on our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

Distributions of Common Stock. We may make distributions to holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that are paid in Common Stock. These distributions will generally be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as if the holder received a distribution of cash in an amount equal to the fair market value of the distributed Common Stock on the date of the distribution and thus would generally be subject to the rules applicable to cash distributions. Accordingly, a stockholder may have a tax liability on account of such distribution in excess of the cash received, if any. A stockholder’s tax basis in any Common Stock received as a distribution on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will generally equal the fair market value of the Common Stock on the date of the distribution, and the holding period for that Common Stock will begin on the day after the distribution. Special withholding considerations may apply to distributions of Common Stock, as discussed below under “—Information Reporting, Backup Withholding and Foreign Accounts.”

Constructive distributions. As a holder of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, you may be treated as receiving a constructive distribution from us if (1) the conversion rate is adjusted and as a result of such adjustment your proportionate interest in our assets or earnings and profits is increased and (2) the adjustment of the conversion rate is not made pursuant to an acceptable anti-dilution formula. A failure to make adjustments that has the effect of increasing your proportionate interest in us may similarly result in your being treated as receiving a constructive distribution from us. Any constructive distribution will be taxable as a dividend, nontaxable return of capital, or capital gain as described above under “— Distributions generally.” An adjustment of the conversion rate would not be considered made pursuant to an acceptable formula if the adjustment were made to compensate you for certain taxable distributions with respect to our Common Stock. For example, an increase in the conversion rate to reflect a taxable dividend to holders of Common Stock in excess of the regular quarterly dividend amount of $0.32 will generally give rise to a taxable constructive dividend to the holders of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to the extent made out of current and accumulated earnings and profits, even though holders of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock would not receive any cash related to the adjustment. In general, a stockholder’s tax basis in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will be increased to the extent of any such constructive distribution treated as a dividend. Special withholding considerations may apply to constructive distributions, as discussed below under “—Information Reporting, Backup Withholding and Foreign Accounts.”

 

 

S-59


Table of Contents

Conversion. You generally will not recognize any income, gain or loss in respect of the receipt of Common Stock upon the conversion of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, except that (1) the amount of cash you receive in respect of accrued and unpaid dividends or dividends in arrears will generally be taxable as described under “— Distributions generally” above, (2) the Common Stock you receive in respect of accrued and unpaid dividends or dividends in arrears will be taxable as a distribution as described under “— Distributions of Common Stock” above and (3) your receipt of cash in lieu of a fractional share of Common Stock will generally be treated as if you received the fractional share and then received such cash in redemption of the fractional share. Such redemption will generally result in capital gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount of cash received and your tax basis in the Common Stock that is allocable to the fractional share. You should consult your own tax advisor to determine the specific tax treatment of the receipt of cash or shares of Common Stock in respect of accrued and unpaid dividends or dividends in arrears or cash in lieu of a fractional share in your particular circumstances. In addition, as described below, non-U.S. stockholders may not be eligible for the foregoing generally applicable nonrecognition rule and may instead be subject to special rules.

Your tax basis in the Common Stock you receive upon a conversion of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (other than Common Stock received in respect of accrued and unpaid dividends or dividends in arrears, but including any fractional share deemed received) will generally equal the tax basis of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that was converted. Your tax basis of a fractional share deemed received will be determined by allocating your tax basis in the Common Stock between the Common Stock you receive upon conversion and the fractional share, in accordance with their respective fair market values. Your holding period for the Common Stock received (other than Common Stock you receive in respect of accrued and unpaid dividends or dividends in arrears) will include the holding period for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock converted. The tax basis for Common Stock received in respect of accrued and unpaid dividends or dividends in arrears that is treated as a taxable distribution will equal its fair market value on the conversion date and its holding period will begin on the following day.

Although it is not free from doubt, any additional shares of Common Stock received in respect of a conversion upon a fundamental change should be treated as part of the consideration received in the conversion.

Special rules applicable to non-U.S. stockholders. Distributions of cash or Common Stock and any constructive distributions on our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock that are characterized as dividends, capital gain dividends, or return of capital will be subject to U.S. federal income taxation with respect to non-U.S. stockholders, including U.S. federal income tax withholding, in the manner described in the accompanying prospectus under “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock—Taxation of Non-U.S. Stockholders.”

If our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is not a “United States real property interest” within the meaning of Section 897 of the Code, then a non-U.S. stockholder’s gain on sale or disposition of that stock (including through a conversion into our Common Stock) generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income taxation, except that a nonresident alien individual who was in the United States for 183 days or more during the taxable year may be subject to a 30% tax on this gain. Our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not constitute a United States real property interest if we are a “domestically controlled REIT.” A domestically controlled REIT is a REIT in which at all times during the preceding five year period less than 50% in value of its stock is held directly or indirectly by foreign persons; for this exception to be available, it is unclear whether a new REIT like us must have been a REIT during the preceding five years or whether instead we are permitted to satisfy the foreign ownership limit with ownership history from our pre-REIT period and that of our predecessor corporation. We believe that we have been and will remain a domestically controlled REIT and thus a non-U.S. stockholder’s gain on sale of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock will not be subject to U.S. federal income taxation. However, because our Common Stock is publicly traded, and our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is expected to be publicly traded, we can provide no assurance that we have been or will remain a domestically controlled REIT.

 

 

S-60


Table of Contents

If we are not a domestically controlled REIT, a non-U.S. stockholder’s gain on sale or disposition of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (including through a conversion into our Common Stock) will not be subject to U.S. federal income taxation as a sale or disposition of a United States real property interest if the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is “regularly traded,” as defined by applicable Treasury regulations, on an established securities market like the NYSE, and the non-U.S. stockholder has owned 5% or less by value of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock at all times during the shorter of (i) the preceding five years, and (ii) its holding period for an interest in the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. In this regard, because the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock held by other investors may be converted into our Common Stock, a non-U.S. stockholder’s percentage interest may increase even if it acquires no additional Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock.

If the gain on the sale of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock is subject to U.S. federal income taxation under the special rules applicable to non-U.S. stockholders discussed above, the non-U.S. stockholder will generally be subject to the same treatment as a U.S. stockholder with respect to its gain, will be required to file a U.S. federal income tax return reporting that gain, and a corporate non-U.S. stockholder might owe branch profits tax. A purchaser of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock from a non-U.S. stockholder will not be required to withhold on the purchase price if the purchased stock is regularly traded on an established securities market or if we are a domestically controlled REIT. Otherwise, a purchaser of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock from a non-U.S. stockholder may be required to withhold 10% of the purchase price paid to the non-U.S. stockholder and to remit the withheld amount to the IRS.

If the domestically controlled REIT and 5%-or-less ownership exceptions discussed above do not apply, then a non-U.S. stockholder’s conversion of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to our Common Stock may constitute the disposition of a United States real property interest in exchange for stock that is not a United States real property interest (as would be the case, for example, if the non-U.S. stockholder owns less than 5% of our Common Stock after the conversion). A non-U.S. stockholder’s gain from that type of exchange is generally subject to U.S. federal income taxation in the manner discussed above, notwithstanding any otherwise applicable provision that would prevent the recognition of gain. Even if a non-U.S. stockholder’s conversion of our Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to our Common Stock constituted the disposition of a United States real property interest for other stock that is a United States real property interest (such as more than 5% of our Common Stock), nonrecognition treatment would not apply unless the non-U.S. stockholder timely files a statement with a U.S. federal income tax return for the year that provides information required by applicable Treasury regulations.

Information Reporting, Backup Withholding and Foreign Accounts

Information reporting, backup withholding, reportable transactions disclosure and foreign accounts withholding may apply to payments received on our stock, as described in the accompanying prospectus under “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock—Backup Withholding and Information Reporting,” “—Taxation of U.S. Stockholders,” and “—Foreign Accounts.” In the case of the regime commonly known as FATCA, pursuant to recent IRS guidance regarding implementation dates, withholding will apply to dividends paid after June 30, 2014, and to other “withholdable payments” (including payments of gross proceeds from a sale or other disposition of our stock) made after December 31, 2016.

If a stockholder is subject to backup withholding, FATCA withholding, or other U.S. federal income tax withholding, then the applicable withholding agent will generally be required to withhold the appropriate amount with respect to a distribution in kind or a constructive distribution even though there is insufficient cash from which to satisfy the withholding obligation. To satisfy this withholding obligation, the applicable withholding agent may collect the amount of U.S. federal income tax required to be withheld by reducing to cash for remittance to the IRS a sufficient portion of the property that the stockholder would otherwise receive or own, and the stockholder may bear brokerage or other costs for this withholding procedure.

 

S-61


Table of Contents

UNDERWRITING (CONFLICTS OF INTEREST)

Goldman, Sachs & Co., Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, Barclays Capital Inc. and J.P. Morgan Securities LLC are acting as joint bookrunning managers of the offering and as representatives (the “Representatives”) of the underwriters named below. Subject to the terms and conditions stated in the underwriting agreement dated the date of this prospectus supplement, each underwriter named below has severally agreed to purchase, and we have agreed to sell to that underwriter, the respective numbers of shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock set forth opposite the underwriter’s name.

 

Underwriters

   Number of
Firm Shares
 

Goldman, Sachs & Co.

     1,680,000   

Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith

                      Incorporated

     840,000   

Barclays Capital Inc.

     840,000   

J.P. Morgan Securities LLC

     840,000   

Citigroup Global Markets Inc.

     131,250   

EA Markets Securities LLC

     131,250   

HSBC Securities (USA) Inc.

     131,250   

Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC

     131,250   

RBC Capital Markets, LLC

     131,250   

RBS Securities Inc.

     131,250   

Santander Investment Securities Inc.

     131,250   

TD Securities (USA) LLC

     131,250   
  

 

 

 

Total

     5,250,000   

The underwriters are offering the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock subject to their acceptance of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock from us and subject to prior sale. The underwriting agreement provides that the obligations of the underwriters to pay for and accept delivery of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock are subject to, among other things, approval of legal matters by counsel and other conditions. The underwriters are obligated to purchase all the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock if they purchase any of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. However, the underwriters are not required to take or pay for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock covered by the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock described below. The underwriting agreement also provides that if an underwriter defaults, the purchase commitments of non-defaulting underwriters may also be increased or the offering may be terminated.

Shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock sold by the underwriters to the public will initially be offered at the initial public offering price set forth on the cover of this prospectus supplement. Any shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock sold by the underwriters to securities dealers may be sold at a selling concession from the initial public offering price not in excess of $1.65 per share. If all the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock are not sold at the initial offering price, the underwriters may change the offering price and the other selling terms.

We have granted the underwriters an option, exercisable for 30 days after the date of this prospectus supplement, to purchase up to an aggregate of 750,000 additional shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock at the public offering price listed on the cover page of this prospectus supplement, less underwriting discounts and commissions and less an amount per share equal to any dividends that are paid or payable by us on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock reflected in the preceding table but that are not payable on the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock purchased on exercise of that option. To the extent the option is exercised, each underwriter will become obligated, subject to conditions, to purchase approximately the same percentage of the additional shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock being purchased as the number of shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock listed next to such underwriter’s name in the table above bears to the total number of shares of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock listed next to the names of all underwriters in such table.

 

S-62


Table of Contents

The following table shows the per share and total public offering price, underwriting discounts and commissions and proceeds before expenses to us. These amounts are shown assuming both no exercise and full exercise of the option of the underwriters to purchase additional Mandatory Convertible Preference Shares described above.

 

            Total  
     Per Share      No Exercise      Full Exercise  

Price to the public

   $ 100.00       $ 525,000,000       $ 600,000,000   

Underwriting discounts and commissions

   $     2.75       $        14,437,500       $        16,500,000   

Proceeds, before expenses, to us

   $   97.25       $      510,562,500       $      583,500,000   

We estimate that the expenses of this offering payable by us, excluding underwriting discounts and commissions, will be approximately $0.62 million.

We have agreed that we will not, subject to certain exceptions, offer, sell, contract to sell, pledge, grant any option to purchase, make any short sale or otherwise dispose, except as provided hereunder, of any Common Stock, Preferred Stock or any securities of the Company that are substantially similar to the Common Stock or Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, including but not limited to any options or warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock or any securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive, Common Stock or any such substantially similar securities (“Lockup Securities”) without the prior consent of the Representatives for a period of 60 days after the date of this prospectus supplement (“the Lockup Period”).

All of our directors and executive officers have entered into lockup agreements with the underwriters prior to the commencement of this offering pursuant to which each of these persons, for the Lockup Period, has agreed that such person or entity will not, subject to certain exceptions, without the prior written consent of the Representatives:

 

  (1) offer, sell, contract to sell, pledge, grant any option to purchase, make any short sale or otherwise dispose of any shares of Common Stock, Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock or any options or warrants to purchase any shares of our Lockup Securities, or any securities convertible into, exchangeable for or that represent the right to receive shares of our Lockup Securities whether now owned or hereinafter acquired, owned directly by the undersigned (including holding as a custodian) or with respect to which the undersigned has beneficial ownership within the rules and regulations of the SEC; or

 

  (2) engage in any hedging or other transaction which is designed to or which reasonably could be expected to lead to or result in a sale or disposition the shares owned by a director or executive officer which are subject to the lockup subject to certain exceptions.

Prior to this offering, there has been no public market for the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. We intend to apply to have the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock listed on the NYSE under the symbol “AMTPRA.” If the application is approved, we expect trading of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock on the NYSE to begin within the 30-day period after the initial delivery of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. Our Common Stock is listed for trading on the NYSE under the trading symbol “AMT.”

In connection with the offering, the underwriters may purchase and sell Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the open market. Purchases and sales in the open market may include short sales, purchases to cover short positions, stabilizing purchases and penalty bids.

 

   

Short sales involve secondary market sales by the underwriters of a greater number of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock than they are required to purchase in the offering.

 

   

Covering transactions involve purchases of Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the open market after the distribution has been completed in order to cover short positions.

 

S-63


Table of Contents
   

Stabilizing transactions involve bids to purchase Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock so long as the stabilizing bids do not exceed a specified maximum.

 

   

Penalty bids permit the representatives to reclaim a selling concession from an underwriter when the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock originally sold by the underwriter are purchased in a stabilizing transaction or a syndicate covering transaction to cover syndicate short positions.

Purchases to cover short positions and stabilizing purchases, as well as other purchases by the underwriters for their own accounts, may have the effect of preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock. They may also cause the price of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock to be higher than the price that would otherwise exist in the open market in the absence of these transactions. The underwriters may conduct these transactions in the over-the-counter market or otherwise. If the underwriters commence any of these transactions, they may discontinue them at any time.

A prospectus in electronic format may be made available on the web sites maintained by one or more underwriters, or selling group members, if any, participating in the offering. The underwriters may agree to allocate a number of shares to underwriters and selling group members for sale to their online brokerage account holders. Internet distributions will be allocated by the Representatives to underwriters and selling group members that may make Internet distributions on the same basis as other allocations.

The underwriters have performed commercial banking, investment banking and advisory services for us from time to time for which they have received customary fees and reimbursement of expenses. The underwriters may, from time to time, engage in transactions with and perform services for us in the ordinary course of their business for which they may receive customary fees and reimbursement of expenses.

In addition, in the ordinary course of their business activities, the underwriters and their affiliates may make or hold a broad array of investments and actively trade debt and equity securities (or related derivative securities) and financial instruments (including bank loans) for their own account and for the accounts of their customers. Such investments and securities activities may involve securities and/or instruments of ours or our affiliates. The underwriters and their affiliates may also make investment recommendations and/or publish or express independent research views in respect of such securities or financial instruments and may hold, or recommend to clients that they acquire, long and/or short positions in such securities and instruments.

We have agreed to indemnify the underwriters against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.

Other than in the United States, no action has been taken by us or the underwriters that would permit a public offering of the securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required. The securities offered by this prospectus may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, nor may this prospectus or any other offering material or advertisements in connection with the offer and sale of any such securities be distributed or published in any jurisdiction, except under circumstances that will result in compliance with the applicable rules and regulations of that jurisdiction. Persons into whose possession this prospectus comes are advised to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to the offering and the distribution of this prospectus. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction in which such an offer or a solicitation is unlawful.

Conflicts of Interest

The net proceeds of this offering may be used to repay amounts outstanding under the 2013 Credit Facility. Affiliates of Goldman, Sachs & Co., Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, Barclays Capital Inc., J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, Citigroup Global Markets Inc., HSBC Securities (USA) Inc., Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, RBC Capital Markets, LLC, RBS Securities Inc., Santander Investment Securities Inc. and TD Securities (USA) LLC are lenders under the 2013 Credit Facility and some of them may receive 5% or more of the

 

S-64


Table of Contents

proceeds from this offering. See “Use of Proceeds.” Because of the manner in which the net proceeds will be used, this offering will be conducted in accordance with FINRA Rule 5121. In accordance with FINRA Rule 5121, the appointment of a “qualified independent underwriter” is not necessary in connection with this offering. Accordingly, this offering is being made in compliance with the requirements of FINRA Rule 5121.

Notice to Prospective Investors in the European Economic Area

In relation to each member state of the European Economic Area that has implemented the Prospectus Directive (each, a relevant member state), with effect from and including the date on which the Prospectus Directive is implemented in that relevant member state (the relevant implementation date), an offer of securities described in this prospectus supplement may not be made to the public in that relevant member state other than:

 

   

to any legal entity which is a qualified investor as defined in the Prospectus Directive;

 

   

to fewer than 100 or, if the relevant member state has implemented the relevant provision of the 2010 PD Amending Directive, 150, natural or legal persons (other than qualified investors as defined in the Prospectus Directive), as permitted under the Prospectus Directive, subject to obtaining the prior consent of the relevant Dealer or Dealers nominated by us for any such offer; or

 

   

in any other circumstances falling within Article 3(2) of the Prospectus Directive,

provided that no such offer of securities shall require us or any underwriter to publish a prospectus pursuant to Article 3 of the Prospectus Directive.

For purposes of this provision, the expression an “offer of securities to the public” in any relevant member state means the communication in any form and by any means of sufficient information on the terms of the offer and the securities to be offered so as to enable an investor to decide to purchase or subscribe for the securities, as the expression may be varied in that member state by any measure implementing the Prospectus Directive in that member state, and the expression “Prospectus Directive” means Directive 2003/71/EC (and amendments thereto, including the 2010 PD Amending Directive, to the extent implemented in the relevant member state) and includes any relevant implementing measure in each relevant member state. The expression 2010 PD Amending Directive means Directive 2010/73/EU.

The sellers of the securities have not authorized and do not authorize the making of any offer of securities through any financial intermediary on their behalf, other than offers made by the underwriters with a view to the final placement of the securities as contemplated in this prospectus supplement. Accordingly, no purchaser of the securities, other than the underwriters, is authorized to make any further offer of the securities on behalf of the sellers or the underwriters.

Notice to Prospective Investors in the United Kingdom

This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus are only being distributed to, and are only directed at, (i) persons who are outside the United Kingdom, (ii) investment professionals falling within Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005 (the “Order”) or (iii) high net worth companies, and other persons to whom it may lawfully be communicated, falling within Article 49(2)(a) to (d) of the Order (all such persons together being referred to as “relevant persons”). The securities described in this prospectus supplement are only available to, and any invitation, offer or agreement to subscribe, purchase or otherwise acquire such securities will be engaged in only with, relevant persons. Any person who is not a relevant person should not act or rely on this document or any of its contents.

Each underwriter has represented, warranted and agreed that:

 

   

it has only communicated or caused to be communicated and will only communicate or cause to be communicated an invitation or inducement to engage in investment activity (within the meaning of Section 21 of the Financial Services and Market Act 2000 (“FSMA”)) received by it in connection with

 

S-65


Table of Contents
 

the issue or sale of any securities which is contemplated by this prospectus supplement in circumstances in which Section 21(1) of the FSMA does not apply to us; and

 

   

it has complied and will comply with all applicable provisions of the FSMA with respect to anything done by it in relation to such securities in, from or otherwise involving the United Kingdom.

Notice to Prospective Investors in Hong Kong

The securities may not be offered or sold by means of any document other than (i) in circumstances which do not constitute an offer to the public within the meaning of the Companies Ordinance (Cap.32, Laws of Hong Kong), or (ii) to “professional investors” within the meaning of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap.571, Laws of Hong Kong) and any rules made thereunder, or (iii) in other circumstances which do not result in the document being a “prospectus” within the meaning of the Companies Ordinance (Cap.32, Laws of Hong Kong), and no advertisement, invitation or document relating to the securities may be issued or may be in the possession of any person for the purpose of issue (in each case whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere), which is directed at, or the contents of which are likely to be accessed or read by, the public in Hong Kong (except if permitted to do so under the laws of Hong Kong) other than with respect to securities which are or are intended to be disposed of only to persons outside Hong Kong or only to “professional investors” within the meaning of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap. 571, Laws of Hong Kong) and any rules made thereunder.

Notice to Prospective Investors in Japan

The securities have not been and will not be registered under the Financial Instruments and Exchange Law of Japan (the Financial Instruments and Exchange Law) and each underwriter has agreed that it will not offer or sell any securities, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to, or for the benefit of, any resident of Japan (which term as used herein means any person resident in Japan, including any corporation or other entity organized under the laws of Japan), or to others for re-offering or resale, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to a resident of Japan, except pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements of, and otherwise in compliance with, the Financial Instruments and Exchange Law and any other applicable laws, regulations and ministerial guidelines of Japan.

Notice to Prospective Investors in Singapore

This prospectus has not been registered as a prospectus with the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Accordingly, this prospectus and any other document or material in connection with the offer or sale, or invitation for subscription or purchase, of the securities may not be circulated or distributed, nor may the securities be offered or sold, or be made the subject of an invitation for subscription or purchase, whether directly or indirectly, to persons in Singapore other than (i) to an institutional investor under Section 274 of the Securities and Futures Act, Chapter 289 of Singapore (the “SFA”), (ii) to a relevant person, or any person pursuant to Section 275(1A), and in accordance with the conditions, specified in Section 275 of the SFA or (iii) otherwise pursuant to, and in accordance with the conditions of, any other applicable provision of the SFA.

 

S-66


Table of Contents

LEGAL MATTERS

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, New York, New York, will pass upon the validity of the Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock for American Tower. Sullivan & Worcester LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, will pass upon our qualification and taxation as a REIT. Certain other legal matters will be passed upon for American Tower by Edmund DiSanto, Esq., Executive Vice President and General Counsel of American Tower. The underwriters will be represented by Shearman & Sterling LLP, New York, New York.

EXPERTS

The consolidated financial statements, and the related financial statement schedule, incorporated in this prospectus supplement by reference to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 and the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting have been audited by Deloitte & Touche LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their reports, which are incorporated herein by reference. Those consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule have been so incorporated in reliance upon the reports of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

The audited historical financial statements of MIP Tower Holdings LLC for the year ended December 31, 2012 included on pages 2 to 29 of Exhibit 99.1 of American Tower Corporation’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 3, 2013 have been so incorporated in reliance on the report of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, independent certified public accountants, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

 

S-67


Table of Contents

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available to the public over the Internet at the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. Please note that the SEC’s website is included in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus as an inactive textual reference only. The information contained on the SEC’s website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus and should not be considered to be part of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus, except as described in the following paragraph. You may also read and copy any document we file with the SEC at its public reference facility at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the operation of the public reference facility.

We “incorporate by reference” into this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus certain information we file with the SEC, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is an important part of this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. Certain information that we subsequently file with the SEC will automatically update and supersede information in this prospectus supplement and in our other filings with the SEC. We incorporate by reference the documents listed below, which we have already filed with the SEC, and any future filings we make with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act until the termination of the offering made by this prospectus supplement, except that we are not incorporating any information included in a Current Report on Form 8-K that has been or will be furnished (and not filed) with the SEC, unless such information is expressly incorporated herein or in the accompanying prospectus by a reference to a furnished Current Report on Form 8-K or other furnished document:

 

   

our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 filed with the SEC on February 26, 2014;

 

   

our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2014 filed with the SEC on May 1, 2014;

 

   

our Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the SEC on April 4, 2014 pursuant to Section 14 of the Exchange Act; and

 

   

our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 3, 2013, January 7, 2014, January 10, 2014, March 5, 2014, March 6, 2014 and May 5, 2014.

You may request a copy of these filings at no cost, by writing or calling us at the following address: 116 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02116, Tel: (617) 375-7500, Attention: Investor Relations.

 

S-68


Table of Contents

LOGO

Common Stock

Preferred Stock

Debt Securities

Depositary Shares

Warrants

Purchase Contracts

Units

 

 

The following are types of securities that we may offer, issue and sell from time to time, or that may be sold by selling securityholders from time to time, together or separately:

 

   

shares of our common stock;

 

   

shares of our preferred stock;

 

   

debt securities;

 

   

depositary shares;

 

   

warrants to purchase debt or equity securities;

 

   

purchase contracts; and

 

   

units.

Any of these securities may be offered together or separately and in one or more series, if any, in amounts, at prices and on other terms to be determined at the time of the offering and described in an accompanying prospectus supplement. You should read this prospectus and any prospectus supplement carefully before you invest.

Unless otherwise stated in a prospectus supplement, none of these securities other than our common stock will be listed on any securities exchange. Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “AMT.”

We may offer and sell these securities through one or more underwriters, dealers or agents, through underwriting syndicates managed or co-managed by one or more underwriters, or directly to purchasers, on a continuous or delayed basis. The prospectus supplement for each offering of securities will describe in detail the plan of distribution for that offering.

To the extent that any selling securityholder resells any securities, the selling securityholder may be required to provide you with this prospectus and a prospectus supplement identifying and containing specific information about the selling securityholder and the terms of the securities being offered.

Investing in the offered securities involves risks. You should consider the risk factors described in any applicable prospectus supplement and in the documents we incorporate by reference.

 

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

Prospectus dated May 23, 2013


Table of Contents

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

About This Prospectus

     1   

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

     1   

American Tower Corporation

     3   

Risk Factors

     3   

Use of Proceeds

     4   

Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges

     4   

Description of Securities

     5   

Description of Common Stock

     5   

Description of Preferred Stock

     11   

Description of Debt Securities

     12   

Description of Depositary Shares

     23   

Description of Warrants

     23   

Description of Purchase Contracts

     24   

Description of Units

     24   

Legal Ownership

     25   

Plan of Distribution

     26   

Federal Income Tax Considerations Related to Our Qualification and Taxation as a REIT

     28   

Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Debt Securities

     43   

U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock

     48   

Validity of the Securities

     57   

Experts

     57   

Where You Can Find More Information

     57   

 

 

We are responsible for the information contained and incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We have not authorized anyone to give you any other information, and we take no responsibility for any other information that others may give you. We are not making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should not assume that the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement is accurate as of any date other than the date of the document containing the information.

 

i


Table of Contents

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which we refer to as the SEC, utilizing an automatic shelf registration process. Under this shelf process, we may periodically sell the securities described in this prospectus in one or more offerings. This prospectus provides a general description of our common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, depositary shares, warrants, purchase contracts and units that we may offer. Each time we offer securities, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of that offering. The prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information, including information about us, contained in this prospectus. Therefore, before making your investment decision, you should carefully read:

 

   

this prospectus;

 

   

any applicable prospectus supplement, which (1) explains the specific terms of the securities being offered and (2) updates and changes information in this prospectus; and

 

   

the documents referred to in “Where You Can Find More Information” on page 57 for information about us, including our financial statements.

References to “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “American Tower” are references to American Tower Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless it is clear from the context that we mean only American Tower Corporation. References herein to our predecessor corporation are references to American Tower Corporation prior to December 31, 2011, the effective date of the merger of American Tower Corporation with and into its wholly owned subsidiary, American Tower REIT Inc. (the surviving company, which was renamed American Tower Corporation after the merger).

NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus, any prospectus supplement and the documents incorporated by reference contain statements about future events and expectations, or forward-looking statements, all of which are inherently uncertain. We have based those forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future results. When we use words such as “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” or similar expressions, we do so to identify forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include statements we make regarding future prospects of growth in the communications site leasing industry, the level of future expenditures by companies in this industry and other trends in this industry, the effects of consolidation among companies in our industry and among our tenants and other competitive pressures, our ability to maintain or increase our market share, our future operating results, our ability to qualify or to remain qualified for taxation as a real estate investment trust, which we refer to as a REIT, our substantial leverage and debt service obligations, economic, political and other events, particularly those relating to our international operations, changes in environmental, tax and other laws, our ability to protect our rights to the land under our towers, natural disasters and similar events, the amount and timing of any future distributions including those we are required to make as a REIT, our future purchases under our stock repurchase program, our future capital expenditure levels, our future financing transactions and our plans to fund our future liquidity needs. These statements are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions, which in turn are based on currently available information. These assumptions could prove inaccurate.

You should keep in mind that any forward-looking statement we make in this prospectus, any prospectus supplement, the documents incorporated by reference or elsewhere speaks only as of the date on which we make it. New risks and uncertainties arise from time to time, and it is impossible for us to predict these events or how they may affect us. In any event, these and other important factors, including those set forth under the caption “Risk Factors” in a prospectus supplement and the documents incorporated by reference, may cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by our forward-looking statements. We have no duty, and do not intend,

 

1


Table of Contents

to update or revise the forward-looking statements we make in this prospectus, any prospectus supplement, the documents incorporated by reference or elsewhere, except as may be required by law. In light of these risks and uncertainties, you should keep in mind that the future events or circumstances described in any forward-looking statement we make in this prospectus, any prospectus supplement, the documents incorporated by reference or elsewhere might not occur.

 

2


Table of Contents

AMERICAN TOWER CORPORATION

American Tower Corporation was originally created as a subsidiary of American Radio Systems Corporation in 1995 and was spun off into a free-standing public company in 1998. Since inception, we have grown our communications real estate portfolio through acquisitions, long-term lease arrangements and site development. We believe that since January 1, 2012, we have been organized and have operated in a manner that enables us to qualify, and we intend to continue to operate in a manner that will allow us to continue to qualify, as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

American Tower Corporation is a holding company organized under the laws of the State of Delaware, and we conduct our operations through our directly and indirectly owned subsidiaries and joint ventures. Our principal domestic operating subsidiaries are American Towers LLC and SpectraSite Communications, LLC. We conduct our international operations through our subsidiary, American Tower International, Inc., which in turn conducts operations through its various international operating subsidiaries and joint ventures. Effective for our taxable year that commenced January 1, 2012, we are taxed as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, which we refer to as the Code.

Our principal executive office is located at 116 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02116. Our main telephone number at that address is (617) 375-7500.

RISK FACTORS

Investing in the offered securities involves risks. Before deciding to invest in our securities, you should carefully consider the discussion of risks and uncertainties under the heading “Risk Factors” contained in any applicable prospectus supplement and in the documents that are incorporated by reference in this prospectus. See the section entitled “Where You Can Find More Information” on page 57.

 

3


Table of Contents

USE OF PROCEEDS

Except as otherwise set forth in a prospectus supplement, we intend to use the net proceeds from any sale of the securities described in this prospectus for our general corporate purposes, which may include financing possible acquisitions, refinancing our indebtedness and repurchasing our common stock. The net proceeds may be invested temporarily in short-term marketable securities or applied to repay short-term debt until they are used for their stated purpose.

Unless otherwise set forth in a prospectus supplement, we will not receive any proceeds in the event that the securities are sold by a selling securityholder.

RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES

The following table sets forth the ratio of earnings to fixed charges for the indicated periods:

 

     Year Ended December 31,      Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
     2008      2009      2010      2011      2012      2013  

Ratio of earnings to fixed charges (1)

     2.12x         2.27x         2.65x         2.19x         2.32x         2.23x   

 

(1) For the purpose of this calculation, “earnings” consists of income from continuing operations before: income taxes, income on equity method investments and fixed charges (excluding interest capitalized and amortization of interest capitalized). “Fixed charges” consists of interest expensed and capitalized, amortization of debt discounts and premiums and related issuance costs and the component of rental expense associated with operating leases believed by management to be representative of the interest factor thereon.

 

4


Table of Contents

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES

This prospectus contains summary descriptions of the common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, depositary shares, warrants, purchase contracts and units that we or selling securityholders may sell from time to time. These summary descriptions are not meant to be complete descriptions of each security. The particular terms of any security will be described in a related prospectus supplement, if necessary.

DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK

We may periodically issue shares of our common stock or other securities that can be exercised, converted or exchanged into shares of our common stock. The description below summarizes the general terms of our common stock. This section is a summary, and it does not describe every aspect of our common stock. This summary is subject to and qualified in its entirety by reference to the provisions of our Restated Certificate of Incorporation, which we refer to as our Certificate of Incorporation, and our Amended and Restated By-Laws, which we refer to as our By-Laws.

Authorized Shares

As of the date of this prospectus, we are authorized to issue up to one billion (1,000,000,000) shares of common stock with one cent ($0.01) par value per share.

Voting Rights

With respect to all matters upon which stockholders are entitled to vote, the holders of the outstanding shares of common stock are entitled to one (1) vote in person or by proxy for each share of common stock outstanding in the name of such stockholders on the record of stockholders. Generally, all matters to be voted on by stockholders must be approved by a majority (or by a plurality in the case of election of directors where the number of candidates nominated for election exceeds the number of directors to be elected) of the votes entitled to be cast by all shares of common stock present in person or by proxy.

Dividends and Other Distributions

Subject to applicable law and rights, if any, of the holders of any outstanding series of preferred stock or any class or series of stock having a preference over the common stock with respect to the payment of dividends and other distributions, dividends and other distributions may be declared and paid on the common stock from time to time and in amounts as our board of directors may determine. We pay regular dividends and other distributions, but the amount, timing and frequency of any distribution are at the sole discretion of our board of directors. Dividends and other distributions are declared based upon various factors, including without limitation distributions required to maintain REIT status. The loan agreements for our credit facilities contain covenants that restrict our ability to pay dividends and other distributions unless certain financial covenants are satisfied.

Liquidation Rights

Upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, the holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets available for distribution after payment in full to creditors and payment in full to holders of preferred stock then outstanding of any amount required to be paid to them. Neither the merger, consolidation or business combination of American Tower with or into any other entity in which our stockholders receive capital stock and/or other securities (including debt securities) of the surviving entity (or the direct or indirect parent entity thereof), nor the sale, lease or transfer by us of any part of our business and assets, nor the reduction of our capital stock, shall be deemed to be a voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up.

 

5


Table of Contents

Other Provisions

The holders of common stock have no preemptive, subscription or redemption rights and are not entitled to the benefit of any sinking fund. The shares of common stock presently outstanding are validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

We may not subdivide, combine, or pay or declare any stock dividend on, the outstanding shares of common stock unless all outstanding shares of common stock are subdivided or combined or the holders of common stock receive a proportionate dividend.

Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer

For us to comply with and have maximum business flexibility under the Federal Communications Laws (defined in our Certificate of Incorporation and including the Communications Act of 1934, as amended), and for us to qualify as a REIT under the Code, our Certificate of Incorporation contains restrictions on stock ownership and stock transfers. These ownership and transfer restrictions could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for our common stock or otherwise be in the best interests of the stockholders.

Federal Communications Laws Restrictions. Our Certificate of Incorporation permits us to restrict the ownership or proposed ownership of shares of our stock if that ownership or proposed ownership (i) is or could be inconsistent with, or in violation of, Federal Communications Laws (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation); (ii) limits or impairs, or could limit or impair, our business activities or proposed business activities under the Federal Communications Laws; or (iii) subjects or could subject us to CFIUS Review (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) or to any provision of the Federal Communications Laws, including those requiring any review, authorization or approval, to which we would not be subject but for that ownership or proposed ownership, including, without limitation, Section 310 of the Communications Act and regulations relating to foreign ownership, multiple ownership or cross-ownership (clauses (i) through (iii) above are collectively referred to as FCC Regulatory Limitations). We reserve the right to require any person to whom a FCC Regulatory Limitation may apply to promptly furnish to us such information (including, without limitation, information with respect to the citizenship, other ownership interests and affiliations) as we may request. If such person fails to furnish all of the information we request, or we conclude that such person’s ownership or proposed ownership of our stock, or the exercise by such person of any rights of stock ownership in connection with our stock, may result in a FCC Regulatory Limitation, we reserve the right to:

 

   

refuse to permit the transfer of shares of our common stock and/or preferred stock to such person;

 

   

to the fullest extent permitted by law, suspend those rights of stock ownership the exercise of which may cause the FCC Regulatory Limitation;

 

   

require the conversion of any or all shares of our preferred stock held by such person into a number of shares of our common stock of equivalent value;

 

   

redeem the shares of our common stock and/or our preferred stock held by such person pursuant to the procedures set forth below; and/or

 

   

exercise any and all appropriate remedies, at law or in equity, in any court of competent jurisdiction, against any such person, with a view toward obtaining the information or preventing or curing any situation that may cause a FCC Regulatory Limitation.

The following procedures apply to the redemption of such person’s shares of our common stock and/or preferred stock:

 

   

the redemption price of any redeemed shares of our common stock or preferred stock shall be the fair market value (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) of those shares;

 

   

the redemption price may be paid in cash or any other of our debt or equity securities or any combination thereof;

 

 

6


Table of Contents
   

the board of directors in its sole discretion may decide to only redeem some (and not all) of such person’s shares, which may include the selection of the most recently purchased or acquired shares, selection by lot or selection by such other manner as the board of directors may determine;

 

   

we must provide at least 15 days’ prior written notice of the date on which we plan to effect the redemption (unless waived by such person); provided, that the redemption date may be the date on which written notice is given to such person if the cash (or any other of our debt or equity securities) necessary to effect the redemption has been deposited in trust for the benefit of such person and is subject to immediate withdrawal by such person upon surrender of the stock certificates for the redeemed shares;

 

   

from and after the date of the redemption, any and all rights relating to the redeemed shares shall cease and terminate and such person shall only possess the right to obtain cash (or such other of our debt or equity securities) payable upon the redemption; and

 

   

such other terms and conditions as the board of directors may determine.

REIT Restrictions. For us to qualify as a REIT under the Code, our stock must be beneficially owned by 100 or more persons during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months or during a proportionate part of a shorter taxable year (other than the first year for which an election to be a REIT has been made). In addition, not more than 50% of the value of the outstanding shares of our stock may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer “individuals” (as defined in the Code to include certain entities such as private foundations) during the last half of a taxable year (other than the first taxable year for which an election to be a REIT has been made). To ensure that these ownership requirements and other requirements for continued qualification as a REIT are met and to otherwise protect us from the consequences of a concentration of ownership among our stockholders, our Certificate of Incorporation contains provisions restricting the ownership or transfer of shares of our stock.

The relevant sections of our Certificate of Incorporation provide that, subject to the exceptions and the constructive ownership rules described below, no person (as defined in our Certificate of Incorporation) may beneficially or constructively own more than 9.8% in value of our aggregate outstanding stock, or more than 9.8% in value or number (whichever is more restrictive) of the outstanding shares of any class or series of our stock. We refer to these restrictions as the “ownership limits.”

The applicable constructive ownership rules under the Code are complex and may cause stock owned, actually or constructively, by a group of related individuals or entities to be treated as owned by one individual or entity. As a result, the acquisition of less than 9.8% in value of our aggregate outstanding stock or less than 9.8% in value or number of our outstanding shares of any class or series of stock (including through the acquisition of an interest in an entity that owns, actually or constructively, any class or series of our stock) by an individual or entity could nevertheless cause that individual or entity, or another individual or entity, to own, constructively or beneficially, in excess of 9.8% in value of our aggregate outstanding stock or 9.8% in value or number of our outstanding shares of any class or series of stock.

In addition to the ownership limits, our Certificate of Incorporation prohibits any person from actually or constructively owning shares of our stock to the extent that such ownership would cause any of our income that would otherwise qualify as “rents from real property” for purposes of Section 856(d) of the Code to fail to qualify as such.

The board of directors may, in its sole discretion, exempt a person from the ownership limits and certain other REIT limits on ownership and transfer of our stock described above, and may establish a different limit on ownership for that person. However, the board of directors may not exempt any person whose ownership of outstanding stock in violation of these limits would result in our failing to qualify as a REIT. In order to be considered by the board of directors for an exemption or a different limit on ownership, a person must make such representations and undertakings as are reasonably necessary to ascertain that the person’s beneficial or constructive ownership of our stock will not now or in the future jeopardize our ability to qualify as a REIT and must agree that any violation or attempted violation of those representations or undertakings (or other action that

 

7


Table of Contents

is contrary to the ownership limits and certain other REIT limits on ownership and transfer of our stock described above) will result in the shares of stock being automatically transferred to a trust as described below. As a condition of its waiver, the board of directors may require an opinion of counsel or IRS ruling satisfactory to it with respect to our qualification as a REIT and may impose such other conditions as it deems appropriate in connection with the granting of the exemption or different limit on ownership.

In connection with the waiver of the ownership limits or at any other time, the board of directors may from time to time increase the ownership limits for one or more persons and decrease the ownership limits for all other persons; provided that the new ownership limits may not, after giving effect to such increase and under certain assumptions stated in our Certificate of Incorporation, result in us being “closely held” within the meaning of Section 856(h) of the Code (without regard to whether the ownership interests are held during the last half of a taxable year). Reduced ownership limits will not apply to any person whose percentage ownership of our aggregate outstanding stock or of the shares of a class or series of our stock, as applicable, is in excess of such decreased ownership limits until such time as that person’s percentage of our aggregate outstanding stock or of the shares of a class or series of stock, as applicable, equals or falls below the decreased ownership limits, but any further acquisition of shares of our stock or of a class or series of our stock, as applicable, in excess of such percentage ownership of shares of stock or of a class or series of stock will be in violation of the ownership limits.

Our Certificate of Incorporation further prohibits:

 

   

any person from transferring shares of our stock if the transfer would result in our aggregate outstanding stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons (determined without reference to any rules of attribution); and

 

   

any person from beneficially or constructively owning shares of our stock if that ownership would result in our failing to qualify as a REIT.

The foregoing provisions on transferability and ownership will not apply if the board of directors determines that it is no longer in our best interests to attempt to qualify, or to continue to qualify, as a REIT.

Any person who acquires, or attempts or intends to acquire, beneficial or constructive ownership of shares of our stock that will or may violate the ownership limits or any of the other foregoing restrictions on transferability and ownership will be required to give notice to us immediately (or, in the case of a proposed or attempted transaction, at least 15 days prior to the transaction) and provide us with such other information as we may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of the transfer on our qualification as a REIT.

Pursuant to our Certificate of Incorporation, if there is any purported transfer of our stock or other event or change of circumstances that, if effective or otherwise, would violate any of the restrictions described above, then the number of shares causing the violation (rounded up to the nearest whole share) will be automatically transferred to a trust for the exclusive benefit of a designated charitable beneficiary, except that any transfer that results in the violation of the restriction relating to our stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons will be automatically void and of no force or effect. The automatic transfer will be effective as of the close of business on the business day prior to the date of the purported transfer or other event or change of circumstances that requires the transfer to the trust. We refer below to the person that would have owned the shares if they had not been transferred to the trust as the purported transferee. Any ordinary dividend paid to the purported transferee prior to our discovery that the shares had been automatically transferred to a trust as described above must be repaid to the trustee upon demand. Our Certificate of Incorporation also provides for adjustments to the entitlement to receive extraordinary dividends and other distributions as between the purported transferee and the trust. If the transfer to the trust as described above is not automatically effective for any reason, to prevent violation of the applicable restriction contained in our Certificate of Incorporation, the transfer of the excess shares will be automatically void and of no force or effect.

Shares of our stock transferred to the trustee are deemed to be offered for sale to us or our designee at a price per share equal to the lesser of (i) the price per share in the transaction that resulted in the transfer to the

 

8


Table of Contents

trust or, if the purported transferee did not give value for the shares in connection with the event causing the shares to be held in trust (e.g., in the case of a gift, devise or other similar transaction), the market price on the day of the event and (ii) the market price on the date we accept, or our designee accepts, the offer. We have the right to accept the offer until the trustee has sold the shares of our stock held in the trust pursuant to the clauses discussed below. Upon a sale to us, the interest of the charitable beneficiary in the shares sold terminates and the trustee must distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the purported transferee, except that the trustee may reduce the amount payable to the purported transferee by the amount of any ordinary dividends that we paid to the purported transferee prior to our discovery that the shares had been transferred to the trust and that is owed by the purported transferee to the trustee as described above. Any net sales proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the purported transferee will be immediately paid to the charitable beneficiary, and any ordinary dividends held by the trustee with respect to the stock will be paid to the charitable beneficiary.

If we do not buy the shares, the trustee must, as soon as reasonably practicable (and, if the shares are listed on a national securities exchange, within 20 days) after receiving notice from us of the transfer of shares to the trust, sell the shares to a person or entity who could own the shares without violating the restrictions described above. Upon such a sale, the trustee must distribute to the purported transferee an amount equal to the lesser of (i) the price paid by the purported transferee for the shares or, if the purported transferee did not give value for the shares in connection with the event causing the shares to be held in trust (e.g., in the case of a gift, devise or other such transaction), the market price of the shares on the day of the event causing the shares to be held in the trust, and (ii) the sales proceeds (net of commissions and other expenses of sale) received by the trustee for the shares. The trustee may reduce the amount payable to the purported transferee by the amount of any ordinary dividends that we paid to the purported transferee before our discovery that the shares had been transferred to the trust and that is owed by the purported transferee to the trustee as described above. Any net sales proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the purported transferee will be immediately paid to the charitable beneficiary, together with any ordinary dividends held by the trustee with respect to such stock. In addition, if prior to discovery by us that shares of stock have been transferred to a trust, the shares of stock are sold by a purported transferee, then the shares will be deemed to have been sold on behalf of the trust and, to the extent that the purported transferee received an amount for or in respect of the shares that exceeds the amount that the purported transferee was entitled to receive as described above, the excess amount will be paid to the trustee upon demand. The purported transferee has no rights in the shares held by the trustee.

The trustee will be indemnified by us or from the proceeds of sales of stock in the trust for its costs and expenses reasonably incurred in connection with conducting its duties and satisfying its obligations under our Certificate of Incorporation. The trustee will also be entitled to reasonable compensation for services provided as determined by agreement between the trustee and the board of directors, which compensation may be funded by us or the trust. If we pay any such indemnification or compensation, we are entitled on a first priority basis (subject to the trustee’s indemnification and compensation rights) to be reimbursed from the trust. To the extent the trust funds any such indemnification and compensation, the amounts available for payment to a purported transferee (or the charitable beneficiary) would be reduced.

The trustee will be designated by us and must be unaffiliated with us and with any purported transferee. Prior to the sale of any shares by the trust, the trustee will receive, in trust for the beneficiary, all distributions paid by us with respect to the shares, and may also exercise all voting rights with respect to the shares.

Subject to the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, which we refer to as the DGCL, effective as of the date that the shares have been transferred to the trust, the trustee will have the authority, at the trustee’s sole discretion:

 

   

to rescind as void any vote cast by a purported transferee prior to our discovery that the shares have been transferred to the trust; and

 

   

to recast the vote in accordance with the desires of the trustee acting for the benefit of the charitable beneficiary of the trust.

 

9


Table of Contents

However, if we have already taken corporate action, then the trustee may not rescind and recast the vote.

In addition, if our board of directors determines that a proposed or purported transfer would violate the restrictions on ownership and transfer of our stock set forth in our Certificate of Incorporation, our board of directors may take such action as it deems advisable to refuse to give effect to or to prevent the violation, including but not limited to, causing us to repurchase shares of our stock, refusing to give effect to the transfer on our books or instituting proceedings to enjoin the transfer.

Following the end of each REIT taxable year, every owner of 5% or more (or such lower percentage as required by the Code or the Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder) of the outstanding shares of any class or series of our stock, must, upon request, provide us written notice of the person’s name and address, the number of shares of each class and series of our stock that the person beneficially owns and a description of the manner in which the shares are held. Each such owner must also provide us with such additional information as we may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of such owner’s beneficial ownership on our qualification as a REIT and to ensure compliance with the ownership limits. In addition, each beneficial owner or constructive owner of our stock, and any person (including the stockholder of record) who is holding shares of our stock for a beneficial owner or constructive owner will, upon demand, be required to provide us with such information as we may request in good faith in order to determine our qualification as a REIT and to comply with the requirements of any taxing authority or governmental authority or to determine such compliance.

As noted above, the rights, preferences and privileges of the holders of our common stock may be affected by the rights, preferences and privileges granted to holders of preferred stock. Because our board of directors will have the power to establish the preferences and rights of each series of preferred stock, it may afford the stockholders of any series of preferred stock preferences, powers and rights senior to the rights of holders of shares of our common stock that could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of American Tower. See “Description of Preferred Stock” for more information about our preferred stock.

Certain Anti-Takeover Provisions

Delaware Business Combination Provisions

We are subject to the provisions of Section 203 of the DGCL. Section 203 prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years after the person became an interested stockholder, unless the business combination or the transaction in which the stockholder became an interested stockholder is approved in a prescribed manner. A “business combination” includes mergers, asset sales and other transactions resulting in a financial benefit to the interested stockholder. Subject to certain exceptions, an “interested stockholder” is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within the prior three years owned, 15% or more of the corporation’s voting stock.

Certain Provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation and By-Laws

Our By-Laws establish advance notice procedures with respect to stockholder proposals and the nomination of candidates for election of directors, other than nominations made by, or at the direction of, our board of directors. These procedures may impede stockholders’ ability to bring matters before a meeting of stockholders or make nominations for directors at a meeting of stockholders.

Our Certificate of Incorporation includes provisions eliminating the personal liability of our directors to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL and indemnifying our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL. The limitation of liability and indemnification provisions in our Certificate of Incorporation may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of their fiduciary duty. These provisions may also have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers, even though a derivative action, if successful, might otherwise benefit us and our stockholders. In addition, the value of investments in our securities may be adversely affected to the extent we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.

 

10


Table of Contents

Our Certificate of Incorporation provides that any or all of the directors may be removed at any time, either with or without cause, by a vote of a majority of the shares outstanding and entitled to vote. This provision may delay or prevent our stockholders from removing incumbent directors.

The ownership and transfer restrictions contained in our Certificate of Incorporation, and described above, may have the effect of inhibiting or impeding a change in control.

Our Certificate of Incorporation and our By-Laws provide that our By-Laws may be altered, amended, changed or repealed by (i) the approval or consent of not less than a majority of the total outstanding shares of stock entitled to vote generally in the election of directors or (ii) a majority of the entire board of directors.

Certain Provisions of our Debt Obligations

Change of control and merger, consolidation and asset sale provisions in our indentures for our outstanding notes and loan agreements for our credit facilities may discourage a takeover attempt. These provisions may make acquiring us more difficult.

Listing of Common Stock

Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “AMT.”

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Computershare, P.O. Box 43006, Providence, RI 02940, (866) 201-5087.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED STOCK

Pursuant to our Certificate of Incorporation, the board of directors is empowered, without any approval of our stockholders, to issue shares of preferred stock in one or more series, to establish the number of shares in each series, and to fix the relative rights, preferences, powers, qualifications, limitations and restrictions of each such series. The prospectus supplement relating to any series of preferred stock we may offer will contain the specific terms of that series, including some or all of the following:

 

   

whether the shares of the series are redeemable, and if so, the prices at which, and the terms and conditions on which, the shares may be redeemed, including the date or dates upon or after which the shares will be redeemable and the amount per share payable in case of redemption;

 

   

whether shares of the series will be entitled to receive dividends or other distributions and, if so, the distribution rate on the shares, any restriction, limitation or condition upon the payment of the dividends or other distributions, whether dividends or other distributions will be cumulative, and the dates on which dividends or other distributions are payable;

 

   

any preferential amount payable upon shares of the series in the event of voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of American Tower;

 

   

whether and the extent to which the series will be guaranteed;

 

   

whether the shares of the series are convertible, or exchangeable for, shares of any other class or classes of stock or of any other series of stock, or any other securities of American Tower, and if so, the terms and conditions of such conversion or exchange, including price or rates of conversion at which, and the terms and conditions on which, the shares of the series may be converted or exchanged into other securities;

 

   

a discussion of any material U.S. federal income tax considerations applicable to the preferred stock being offered;

 

11


Table of Contents
   

terms and conditions of the purchase or sinking fund provisions, if any, for the purchase or redemption of shares of the series;

 

   

the distinctive designation of each series and the number of shares that will constitute the series;

 

   

the voting power, if any, of shares of the series; and

 

   

any other relative rights, preferences or limitations.

As of the date of this prospectus, we are authorized to issue up to twenty million (20,000,000) shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, and have no shares of preferred stock outstanding. Some of the provisions described in the section “Description of Common Stock—Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer” may also apply to any shares of preferred stock we issue.

DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES

This section describes the general terms that will apply to any debt securities that we may offer pursuant to this prospectus and an applicable prospectus supplement. The specific terms of any offered debt securities, and the extent to which the general terms described in this section apply to these debt securities, will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement at the time of the offering. The prospectus supplement, which we will file with the SEC, may or may not modify the general terms found in this prospectus. For a complete description of any series of debt securities, you should read both this prospectus and the prospectus supplement that applies to that series of debt securities.

In this section, the terms “we,” “our,” “us” and “American Tower” refer solely to American Tower Corporation (and not to any of its affiliates, including subsidiaries). As used in this prospectus, “debt securities” means the debentures, notes, bonds and other evidences of indebtedness offered pursuant to this prospectus and an applicable prospectus supplement and authenticated by the relevant trustee and delivered under the applicable indenture.

We may issue senior debt securities under an indenture dated as of May 13, 2010 between us and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as trustee (the “2010 Indenture”), or under an indenture dated as of May 23, 2013 between us and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee (the “2013 Indenture”). The 2010 Indenture and the 2013 Indenture are filed, or incorporated by reference, as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. We may issue subordinated debt under a separate indenture to be entered into between us, U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee, as supplemented from time to time. This indenture, as supplemented, is referred to in this prospectus as the “Subordinated Indenture.” References to the “indenture” in this prospectus refer to the 2010 Indenture, the 2013 Indenture or the Subordinated Indenture, as applicable. References to the “trustee” in this prospectus refer to The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. when used in connection with the 2010 Indenture, and to U.S. Bank National Association when used in connection with the 2013 Indenture and the Subordinated Indenture. If a different trustee or a different indenture for a series of debt securities is used, those details will be provided in a prospectus supplement and the forms of any other indentures will be filed with the SEC at the time they are used.

We have summarized below the material provisions of the indenture and the debt securities, and indicated which material provisions will be described in an applicable prospectus supplement. For further information, you should read the indenture. The following summary is qualified in its entirety by the provisions of the indenture.

General

The debt securities that we may offer under the indenture are not limited in aggregate principal amount. We may issue debt securities at one or more times in one or more series. Each series of debt securities may have different terms. The terms of any series of debt securities will be described in, or determined by action taken pursuant to, a resolution of our board of directors or a committee appointed by our board of directors or in a supplement to the indenture relating to that series.

 

12


Table of Contents

We are not obligated to issue all debt securities of one series at the same time and, unless otherwise provided in the prospectus supplement, we may reopen a series, without the consent of the holders of the debt securities of that series, for the issuance of additional debt securities of that series. Additional debt securities of a particular series will have the same terms and conditions as outstanding debt securities of that series, except for the date of original issuance and the offering price, and will be consolidated with, and form a single series with, those outstanding debt securities.

The prospectus supplement relating to any series of debt securities that we may offer will state the price or prices at which the debt securities will be offered and will contain the specific terms of that series. These terms may include the following:

 

   

the title of the series;

 

   

any limit upon the aggregate principal amount of the series;

 

   

the date or dates on which each of the principal of and premium, if any, on the securities of the series is payable and the method of determination thereof;

 

   

the rate or rates at which the securities of the series will bear interest, if any, or the method of calculating such rate or rates of interest, the date or dates from which interest will accrue or the method by which the date or dates will be determined, the interest payment dates on which any interest will be payable and the record date, if any;

 

   

the place or places where the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest, if any, on securities of the series will be payable;

 

   

the place or places where the securities may be exchanged or transferred;

 

   

the period or periods within which, the price or prices at which, the currency or currencies (including currency unit or units) in which, and the other terms and conditions upon which, securities of the series may be redeemed, in whole or in part, at our option, if we are to have that option with respect to the applicable series;

 

   

our obligation, if any, to redeem or purchase securities of the series in whole or in part pursuant to any sinking fund or analogous provision or upon the happening of a specified event or at the option of a holder thereof and the period or periods within which, the price or prices at which, and the other terms and conditions upon which securities of the series will be redeemed or purchased, in whole or in part, pursuant to such an obligation;

 

   

if other than denominations of $2,000 and multiples of $1,000 thereafter, the denominations in which securities of the series are issuable;

 

   

if other than U.S. dollars, the currency or currencies (including currency unit or units) in which payments of principal of (and premium, if any) and interest, if any, on the securities of the series will or may be payable, or in which the securities of the series will be denominated, and the particular provisions applicable thereto;

 

   

if the payments of principal of (and premium, if any), or interest, if any, on the securities of the series are to be made, at our or a holder’s election, in a currency or currencies (including currency unit or units) other than that in which the securities are denominated or designated to be payable, the currency or currencies (including currency unit or units) in which the payments are to be made, the terms and conditions of the payments and the manner in which the exchange rate with respect to the payments will be determined, and the particular provisions applicable thereto;

 

   

if the amount of payments of principal of (and premium, if any) and interest, if any, on the securities of the series will be determined with reference to an index, formula or other method (which index, formula or method may be based, without limitation, on a currency or currencies (including currency unit or units) other than that in which the securities of the series are denominated or designated to be payable), the index, formula or other method by which those amounts will be determined;

 

13


Table of Contents
   

whether, and the terms and conditions upon which, the securities of the series may or must be converted into our securities or exchanged for our securities or those of another enterprise;

 

   

if other than the principal amount thereof, the portion of the principal amount of securities of the series which will be payable upon declaration of acceleration of the maturity thereof pursuant to an event of default or the method by which that portion will be determined;

 

   

any modifications of or additions to the events of default or covenants with respect to securities of the series, or any modifications of or additions to subordination provisions with respect to the subordinated debt securities;

 

   

whether the securities of the series will be subject to legal defeasance or covenant defeasance as provided in the indenture;

 

   

if other than the trustee, the identity of the registrar and any paying agent;

 

   

if the securities of the series will be issued in whole or in part in global form, (i) the depositary for the global securities, (ii) the form of any legend that will be borne by the global securities, (iii) whether beneficial owners of interests in any securities of the series in global form may exchange those interests for certificated securities of that series and of like tenor of any authorized form and denomination and (iv) the circumstances under which any such exchange may occur; and

 

   

any other terms of the series.

Interest

Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, if any payment date with respect to debt securities falls on a day that is not a business day, we will make the payment on the next business day. The payment made on the next business day will be treated as though it had been made on the original payment date, and no interest will accrue on the payment for the additional period of time.

Ranking

The senior debt securities will be our direct, unconditional, unsecured and unsubordinated obligations and will rank pari passu with all of our other unsecured senior obligations. However, the senior debt securities will be effectively junior to all of our secured obligations to the extent of the value of the assets securing those obligations. The debt securities will also be structurally subordinated to all liabilities, including trade payables and lease obligations, of our subsidiaries. The subordinated debt securities will be our direct, unconditional, unsecured and subordinated obligations and will be junior in right of payment to our existing and future senior obligations. The extent of subordination of the subordinated debt securities will be described below under “–Additional Provisions Applicable to Subordinated Debt Securities – Subordination of Subordinated Debt Securities,” or as described in an accompanying prospectus supplement.

Covenants

Except as described below or in the prospectus supplement with respect to any series of debt securities, neither we nor our subsidiaries are restricted by the indenture from paying dividends or making distributions on our or their capital stock or purchasing or redeeming our or their capital stock. The indenture does not require the maintenance of any financial ratios or specified levels of net worth or liquidity. In addition, with certain exceptions, the indenture does not contain any covenants or other provisions that would limit our or our subsidiaries’ right to incur additional indebtedness or limit the amount of additional indebtedness, including senior or secured indebtedness that we can create, incur, assume or guarantee.

Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, covenants contained in the indenture will be applicable to the series of debt securities to which the prospectus supplement relates so long as any of the debt securities of that series are outstanding.

 

14


Table of Contents

Reporting

The indenture provides that we will furnish to the trustee, within 15 days after we are required to file such annual and quarterly reports, information, documents and other reports with the SEC, copies of our annual report and of the information, documents and other reports that we are required to file with the SEC pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which we refer to as the Exchange Act. We will also comply with the other provisions of Section 314(a) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, which we refer to as the Trust Indenture Act.

Consolidation, Merger and Sale of Assets

The indenture provides that we may not consolidate or merge with or into, or sell or convey all or substantially all of our assets in any one transaction or series of related transactions to another person, unless:

 

   

either we are the resulting, surviving or transferee corporation, or our successor is a corporation organized under the laws of the United States, any state or the District of Columbia and expressly assumes by supplemental indenture all of our obligations under the indenture and all the debt securities; and

 

   

immediately after giving effect to the transaction, no default or event of default has occurred and is continuing.

The term “default” for the purpose of this provision means any event that is, or with the passage of time or the giving of notice or both would become, an event of default.

Except in the case of a lease of all or substantially all of our assets, the successor will be substituted for us in the indenture with the same effect as if it had been an original party to such indenture. Thereafter, the successor may exercise our rights and powers under the indenture.

Events of Default, Notice and Waiver

In the indenture, the term “event of default” with respect to debt securities of any series means any of the following:

 

   

failure by us to pay interest, if any, on the debt securities of that series for 30 days after the date payment is due and payable;

 

   

failure by us to pay principal of or premium, if any, on the debt securities of that series when due, at maturity, upon any redemption, by declaration or otherwise;

 

   

failure by us to comply with other covenants in the indenture or the debt securities of that series for 90 days after notice that compliance was required; and

 

   

certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency of us or any of our significant subsidiaries.

The term “significant subsidiaries” for the purpose of this provision means any of our subsidiaries that would be a “significant subsidiary” as defined in Rule 1-02(w) of Regulation S-X of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, which we refer to as the Securities Act.

If an event of default (other than relating to certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency of us or breach of our reporting obligation) has occurred and is continuing, the trustee or the holders of not less than 25% in aggregate principal amount of the debt securities of that series may declare the entire principal of all the debt securities of the affected series to be due and payable immediately.

If an event of default relating to certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency of us occurs and is continuing, then the principal amount of all of the outstanding debt securities and any accrued interest thereon will automatically become due and payable immediately, without any declaration or other act by the trustee or any holder.

 

15


Table of Contents

The holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the debt securities of any series may, after satisfying conditions, rescind and annul any of the above-described declarations and consequences involving the debt securities of that series, except a continuing default or event of default in the payment of principal of, or interest or premium, if any, on the debt securities of the affected series.

The indenture imposes limitations on suits brought by holders of debt securities of any series against us. Except for actions for payment of overdue principal or interest, no holder of a debt security of any series may institute any action against us under the indenture unless:

 

   

the holder has previously given to the trustee written notice of an event of default and the continuance of that event of default;

 

   

the holder or holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series have requested that the trustee pursue the remedy;

 

   

such holder or holders have offered to the trustee security or indemnity reasonably satisfactory to the trustee against the costs, expenses and liabilities to be incurred in compliance with such request;

 

   

the trustee has not instituted the action within 60 days of the receipt of such notice, request and offer of indemnity; and

 

   

the trustee has not received inconsistent direction by the holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series.

We will be required to file annually with the trustee a certificate, signed by two officers of our company, stating whether or not the officers know of any default by us in the performance, observance or fulfillment of any condition or covenant of the indenture.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the sole remedy for any breach of our obligation under the indenture to file or furnish reports or other financial information pursuant to section 314(a)(1) of the Trust Indenture Act (or as otherwise required by the indenture) shall be the payment of liquidated damages, and the holders will not have any right under the indenture to accelerate the maturity of the debt securities of the affected series as a result of any such breach. If any such breach continues for 90 days after notice thereof is given in accordance with the indenture, we will pay liquidated damages to all the holders of the debt securities of that series at a rate per annum equal to (i) 0.25% per annum of the principal amount of the debt securities of that series from the 90th day following such notice to but not including the 180th day following such notice (or such earlier date on which the event of default relating to the reporting obligations referred to in this paragraph shall have been cured or waived) and (ii) 0.50% per annum of the principal amount of the debt securities of that series from the 180th day following such notice to but not including the 365th day following such notice (or such earlier date on which the event of default relating to the reporting obligations referred to in this paragraph shall have been cured or waived). On such 365th day (or earlier, if the event of default relating to the reporting obligations referred to in this paragraph shall have been cured or waived prior to such 365th day), such additional interest will cease to accrue, and the debt securities of that series will be subject to acceleration as provided above if the event of default is continuing. The provisions of the indenture described in this paragraph will not affect the rights of the holders of the debt securities of any series in the event of the occurrence of any other event of default.

Modification and Waiver

Except as provided in the two succeeding paragraphs, the indenture provides that we and the trustee thereunder may, with the consent of the holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the debt securities of any series then outstanding (including, without limitation, consents obtained in connection with a purchase of, or tender offer or exchange offer for, debt securities of that series), voting as one class, add any provisions to, or change in any manner, eliminate or modify in any way the provisions of, the indenture or modify in any manner the rights of the holders of the debt securities of that series.

 

16


Table of Contents

We and the trustee may amend or supplement the indenture or the debt securities of any series without the consent of any holder to:

 

   

secure the debt securities of any series;

 

   

evidence the assumption by a successor corporation of our obligations under the indenture and the debt securities of any series in the case of a merger, amalgamation, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets;

 

   

add covenant(s) or events of default(s) for the protection of the holders of all or any series of debt securities;

 

   

cure any ambiguity or correct any defect or inconsistency in the indenture or make any other provisions as we may deem necessary or desirable; provided, however, that no such provisions will materially adversely affect the interests of the holders of any debt securities;

 

   

evidence and provide for the acceptance of appointment by a successor trustee in accordance with the indenture;

 

   

provide for uncertificated debt securities in addition to, or in place of, certificated debt securities of any series in a manner that does not materially and adversely affect any holders of the debt securities of that series;

 

   

conform the text of the indenture or the debt securities of any series to any provision of this “Description of Debt Securities” or “Description of Securities” in the prospectus supplement for that series to the extent that the provision in that description was intended to be a verbatim recitation of a provision of the indenture or the debt securities of that series;

 

   

provide for the issuance of additional debt securities of any series in accordance with the limitations set forth in the indenture as of the date of the indenture;

 

   

make any change that would provide any additional rights or benefits to the holders of all or any series of debt securities or that does not adversely affect the legal rights under the indenture of any such holder or any holder of a beneficial interest in the debt securities of that series;

 

   

comply with requirements of the SEC in order to effect or maintain the qualification of the indenture under the Trust Indenture Act;

 

   

establish the form or terms of debt securities of any series as permitted by the indenture;

 

   

secure our obligations in respect of the debt securities of any series;

 

   

in the case of convertible or exchangeable debt securities of any series, subject to the provisions of the supplemental indenture for that series, to provide for conversion rights, exchange rights and/or repurchase rights of holders of that series in connection with any reclassification or change of our common stock or in the event of any amalgamation, consolidation, merger or sale of all or substantially all of the assets of us or our subsidiaries substantially as an entirety occurs;

 

   

in the case of convertible or exchangeable debt securities of any series, to reduce the conversion price or exchange price applicable to that series;

 

   

in the case of convertible or exchangeable debt securities of any series, to increase the conversion rate or exchange ratio in the manner described in the supplemental indenture for that series, provided that the increase will not adversely affect the interests of the holders of that series in any material respect; or

 

   

any other action to amend or supplement the indenture or the debt securities of any series as described in the prospectus supplement with respect to that series of debt securities.

 

17


Table of Contents

We and the trustee may not, without the consent of the holder of each outstanding debt security affected thereby:

 

   

change the final maturity of any debt security;

 

   

reduce the aggregate principal amount on any debt security;

 

   

reduce the rate or amend or modify the calculation, or time of payment, of interest, including defaulted interest on any debt security;

 

   

reduce or alter the method of computation of any amount payable on any debt security upon redemption, prepayment or purchase of any debt security or otherwise alter or waive any of the provisions with respect to the redemption of any debt security, or waive a redemption payment with respect to any debt security;

 

   

change the currency in which the principal of, or interest or premium, if any, on any debt security is payable;

 

   

impair the right to institute suit for the enforcement of any payment on any debt security when due, or otherwise make any change in the provisions of the indenture relating to waivers of past defaults or the rights of holders of any debt security to receive payments of principal of, or premium, if any, or interest on any debt security;

 

   

modify the provisions of the indenture with respect to modification and waiver (including waiver of certain covenants, waiver of a default or event of default in respect of debt securities of any series), except to increase the percentage required for modification or waiver or to provide for the consent of each affected holder;

 

   

reduce the percentage of principal amount of outstanding debt securities of any series whose holders must consent to an amendment, supplement or waiver of the indenture or the debt securities of that series;

 

   

change the ranking provisions of the Subordinated Indenture in a manner adverse to the holders of debt securities issued thereunder in any material respect;

 

   

impair the rights of holders of debt securities of any series that are exchangeable or convertible to receive payment or delivery of any consideration due upon the conversion or exchange of the debt securities of that series; or

 

   

any other action to modify or amend the indenture or the debt securities of any series as may be described in the prospectus supplement with respect to that series of debt securities as requiring the consent of each holder affected thereby.

Defeasance

The indenture provides that we will be discharged from any and all obligations in respect of the debt securities of any series (except for certain obligations to register the transfer or exchange of the debt securities, to replace stolen, lost or mutilated debt securities, to maintain paying agencies and hold monies for payment in trust and to pay the principal of and interest, if any, on those debt securities), upon the deposit with the applicable trustee, in trust, of money and/or U.S. government obligations, which through the payment of interest and principal of the U.S. government obligations in accordance with their terms will provide money in an amount sufficient to pay any installment of principal and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on the debt securities of that series on the stated maturity date thereof in accordance with the terms of the indenture and the debt securities of that series. Also, the establishment of such a trust will be conditioned on the delivery by us to the trustee of an opinion of counsel reasonably satisfactory to the trustee to the effect that, based upon applicable U.S. federal income tax law or a ruling published by the United States Internal Revenue Service, or the IRS, such a defeasance and discharge will not be deemed, or result in, a taxable event with respect to the holders. For the avoidance of doubt, such an opinion would require a change in current U.S. tax law.

 

18


Table of Contents

We may also omit to comply with the restrictive covenants, if any, of any particular series of debt securities, other than our covenant to pay the amounts due and owing with respect to that series. Any such omission will not be an event of default with respect to the debt securities of that series, upon the deposit with the applicable trustee, in trust, of money and/or U.S. government obligations, which through the payment of interest and principal of the U.S. government obligations in accordance with their terms will provide money in an amount sufficient to pay any installment of principal and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on the debt securities of that series on the stated maturity date thereof in accordance with the terms of the indenture and the debt securities of that series. Our obligations under the indenture and the debt securities of that series other than with respect to those covenants will remain in full force and effect. Also, the establishment of such a trust will be conditioned on the delivery by us to the trustee of an opinion of counsel to the effect that such a defeasance and discharge will not be deemed, or result in, a taxable event with respect to the holders.

Satisfaction and Discharge

At our option, we may satisfy and discharge the indenture with respect to the debt securities of any series (except for specified obligations of the trustee and ours, including, among others, the obligations to apply money held in trust) when:

 

   

either (a) all debt securities of that series previously authenticated under the indenture have been delivered to the trustee for cancellation or (b) all debt securities of that series not yet delivered to the trustee for cancellation (i) have become due and payable by reason of the mailing of a notice of redemption or otherwise or (ii) will become due and payable within one year, and we have irrevocably deposited or caused to be deposited with the trustee as trust funds in trust solely for the benefit of the holders an amount sufficient to pay and discharge the entire indebtedness on debt securities of that series;

 

   

no default or event of default with respect to debt securities of that series has occurred or is continuing on the date of the deposit or will occur as a result of the deposit and the deposit will not result in a breach or violation of any other instrument to which we are bound;

 

   

we have paid or caused to be paid all other sums payable by us under the indenture and any applicable supplemental indenture with respect to the debt securities of that series;

 

   

we have delivered irrevocable instructions to the trustee to apply the deposited funds toward the payment of securities of that series at the stated maturity date or the redemption date, as applicable; and

 

   

we have delivered to the trustee an officers’ certificate and an opinion of counsel stating that all conditions precedent relating to the satisfaction and discharge of the indenture as to that series have been satisfied.

Unclaimed Money

If money deposited with the trustee or paying agent for the payment of principal of, premium or accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on debt securities remains unclaimed for two years, the trustee and paying agent will pay the money back to us upon our request. However, the trustee and paying agent have the right to withhold paying the money back to us until they publish in a newspaper of general circulation in the City of New York, or mail to each holder, a notice stating that the money will be paid back to us if unclaimed after a date no less than 30 days from the publication or mailing. After the trustee or paying agent pays the money back to us, holders of debt securities entitled to the money must look to us for payment, subject to applicable law, and all liability of the trustee and the paying agent with respect to the money will cease.

Purchase and Cancellation

The registrar and paying agent will forward to the trustee any debt securities surrendered to them for transfer, exchange or payment, and the trustee will promptly cancel those debt securities in accordance with its customary procedures. We will not issue new debt securities to replace debt securities that we have paid or delivered to the trustee for cancellation or that any holder has converted.

 

19


Table of Contents

We may, to the extent permitted by law, purchase debt securities in the open market or by tender offer at any price or by private agreement. We may, at our option and to the extent permitted by law, reissue, resell or surrender to the trustee for cancellation any debt securities we purchase in this manner; provided that we not reissue or resell those debt securities if upon reissuance or resale, they would constitute “restricted securities” within the meaning of Rule 144 under the Securities Act. Debt securities surrendered to the trustee for cancellation may not be reissued or resold and will be promptly cancelled.

Replacement of Debt Securities

We will replace mutilated, lost, destroyed or stolen debt securities at the holder’s expense upon delivery to the trustee of the mutilated debt securities or evidence of the loss, destruction or theft of the debt securities satisfactory to the trustee and us. In the case of a lost, destroyed or stolen debt security, we or the trustee may require, at the expense of the holder, indemnity satisfactory to us and the trustee.

Book-Entry Issuance

Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, our debt securities will be book-entry securities that are cleared and settled through the Depositary Trust Company, which we refer to as the DTC, a securities depositary. Upon issuance, unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, all book-entry securities of the same series will be represented by one or more fully registered global securities. Each global security will be deposited with, or on behalf of, DTC and will be registered in the name of DTC or a nominee of DTC. DTC will thus be the only registered holder of any such securities and will be considered the sole owner of the securities.

Purchasers may only hold interests in the global securities through DTC if they are participants in the DTC system. Purchasers may also hold interests through a securities intermediary – a bank, brokerage house or other institution that maintains securities accounts for customers – that has an account with DTC or its nominee. DTC will maintain accounts showing the securities holdings of its participants, and these participants will in turn maintain accounts showing the securities holdings of their customers. Some of these customers may themselves be securities intermediaries holding securities for their customers. Thus, each beneficial owner of a book-entry security will hold that security indirectly through a hierarchy of intermediaries, with DTC at the “top” and the beneficial owner’s own securities intermediary at the “bottom.”

The securities of each beneficial owner of a book-entry security will be evidenced solely by entries on the books of the beneficial owner’s securities intermediary. The actual purchaser of the securities will generally not be entitled to have the securities represented by the global securities registered in its name and will not be considered the owner. In most cases, a beneficial owner will also not be able to obtain a paper certificate evidencing the holder’s ownership of securities. The book-entry system for holding securities eliminates the need for physical movement of certificates. The laws of some jurisdictions require some purchasers of securities to take physical delivery of their securities in definitive form. These laws may impair the ability to transfer book-entry securities.

Unless otherwise specified in the prospectus supplement with respect to a series of debt securities, the beneficial owner of book-entry securities represented by a global security may exchange the securities for definitive or paper securities only if:

 

   

DTC is unwilling or unable to continue as depositary for such global security and we are unable to find a qualified replacement for DTC within 90 days;

 

   

at any time DTC ceases to be a “clearing agency” registered under the Exchange Act and we are unable to find a qualified replacement for DTC within 90 days;

 

20


Table of Contents
   

We in our sole discretion decide to allow some or all book-entry securities to be exchangeable for definitive securities in registered form; or

 

   

An event of default has occurred and is continuing under the indenture, and a holder of the securities has requested definitive securities.

Any global security that is exchangeable will be exchangeable in whole for definitive securities in registered form with the same terms, and in the case of debt securities, in an equal aggregate principal amount in denominations of $2,000 and whole multiples of $1,000 (unless otherwise specified in the prospectus supplement). Definitive securities will be registered in the name or names of the person or persons specified by DTC in a written instruction to the registrar of the securities. DTC may base its written instruction upon directions it receives from its participants.

In this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, for book-entry securities, references to actions taken by security holders will mean actions taken by DTC upon instructions from its participants, and references to payments and notices of redemption to security holders will mean payments and notices of redemption to DTC as the registered holder of the securities for distribution to participants in accordance with DTC’s procedures.

DTC is a limited-purpose trust company organized under the laws of the State of New York, a “banking organization” within the meaning of the New York Banking Law, a member of the Federal Reserve System, a “clearing corporation” within the meaning of the New York Uniform Commercial Code and a “clearing agency” registered under the Exchange Act. The rules applicable to DTC and its participants are on file with the SEC.

We will not have any responsibility or liability for any aspect of the records relating to, or payments made on account of, beneficial ownership interests in the book-entry securities or for maintaining, supervising or reviewing any records relating to the beneficial ownership interests.

Regarding the Trustee

The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. is the trustee under the 2010 Indenture. U.S. Bank National Association is the trustee under the 2013 Indenture.

Except during the continuance of an event of default, the trustee will perform only such duties as are specifically set forth in the indenture. During the existence of an event of default, the trustee will exercise such of the rights and powers vested in it under the indenture and use the same degree of care and skill in its exercise as a prudent person would exercise under the circumstances in the conduct of such person’s own affairs. The holders of a majority in principal amount of the then outstanding debt securities of any series will have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for exercising any remedy available to the trustee, subject to certain exceptions. Subject to these provisions, the trustee will be under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under the indenture at the request of any holder of debt securities, unless such holder has offered to the trustee security and indemnity satisfactory to it against any loss, liability or expense.

Pursuant and subject to the Trust Indenture Act, the trustee will be permitted to engage in other transactions with us; however, if the trustee acquires any conflicting interest, it would be required to eliminate such conflict within 90 days, apply to the SEC for permission to continue as trustee or resign. The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. is also the trustee under certain indentures under which our senior debt securities have been issued. U.S. Bank National Association is also the trustee under the trust and servicing agreement related to our securitization transaction.

No individual liability of directors, officers, employees, incorporators, stockholders or agents

The indenture provides that none of our past, present or future directors, officers, employees, incorporators, stockholders or agents in their capacity as such will have any liability for any of our obligations under the debt securities of any series or the indenture. Each holder of debt securities of any series by accepting a debt security

 

21


Table of Contents

waives and releases all such liability. The waiver and release are part of the consideration for issuance of the debt securities. The waiver may not be effective to waive liabilities under the federal securities laws and it is the view of the SEC that such a waiver is against public policy.

Governing law

The indenture and debt securities of each series are governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York.

Additional Provisions Applicable to Subordinated Debt Securities

General

The subordinated debt securities will be our unsecured obligations under the Subordinated Indenture and will be subordinate in right of payment to certain other indebtedness as described below under “Subordination of Subordinated Debt Securities” or in the applicable prospectus supplement. The subordinated debt securities will be effectively subordinated to all of our secured debt, to the extent of the value of the assets securing that debt.

Subordination of Subordinated Debt Securities

Payments on the subordinated debt securities will, as described in the applicable prospectus supplement, be subordinated in right of payment to the prior payment in full, in cash or cash equivalents, of all of our existing and future senior debt. As a result, the subordinated debt securities will be contractually subordinated to all of our senior debt and effectively subordinated to all debt and other obligations of our subsidiaries.

“Senior debt” is defined in the Subordinated Indenture as, with respect to any “person” (as defined in the Subordinated Indenture), the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest on any indebtedness, whether outstanding at the date of the Subordinated Indenture or thereafter created or incurred, which is for:

 

   

money borrowed by such person;

 

   

securities, notes, debentures, bonds or other similar instruments issued by such person;

 

   

obligations of such person evidencing the purchase price of property by such person or a subsidiary of such person, all conditional sale obligations of such person and all obligations of such person under any conditional sale or title retention agreement other than trade accounts payable in the ordinary course of business;

 

   

obligations, contingent or otherwise, of such person in respect of any letters of credit, bankers’ acceptance, security purchase facilities or similar credit transactions;

 

   

obligations in respect of interest rate swap, cap or other agreements, interest rate future or option contracts, currency swap agreements, currency future or option contracts and other similar agreements;

 

   

obligations in respect of any factoring, securitization, sale of receivables or similar transaction;

 

   

money borrowed by or obligations described in the six preceding bullet points of others and assumed or guaranteed by such person;

 

   

obligations under performance guarantees, support agreements and other agreements in the nature thereof relating to the obligations of any subsidiary of such person;

 

   

renewals, extensions, refundings, amendments and modifications of any indebtedness of the kind described in the eight preceding bullet points or of the instruments creating or evidencing the indebtedness, unless, in each case, by the terms of the instrument creating or evidencing the indebtedness or the renewal, extension, refunding, amendment and modification, it is provided that the indebtedness is not senior in right of payment to the subordinated debt securities; and

 

   

obligations of the type referred to in the preceding bulletpoints of others secured by a lien on the property or asset of such person.

 

22


Table of Contents

Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement for a particular series of subordinated debt securities, in the event of any distribution of our assets upon dissolution, winding up, liquidation or reorganization, the holders of senior debt shall first be paid in full in respect of principal, premium (if any) and interest before any such payments are made on account of the subordinated debt securities. In addition, in the event that (1) the subordinated debt securities are declared due and payable because of an event of default (other than under the circumstances described in the preceding sentence) and (2) any default has occurred and is continuing in the payment of principal, premium (if any), sinking funds or interest on any senior debt, then no payment shall be made on account of principal, premium (if any), sinking funds or interest on the subordinated debt securities until all such payments due in respect of the senior debt have been paid in full.

By reason of the subordination provisions described above, in the event of liquidation or insolvency, any of our creditors who are not holders of senior debt may recover less, ratably, than holders of senior debt and may recover more, ratably, than holders of the subordinated debt securities.

Deferral of Interest Payments

The terms upon which we may defer payments of interest on subordinated debt securities of any series will be set forth in the relevant prospectus supplement and, to the extent necessary, in the supplemental indenture relating to that series. If any such terms are provided for, an interest payment properly deferred will not constitute a default in the payment of interest.

DESCRIPTION OF DEPOSITARY SHARES

We may issue fractional interests in shares of common or preferred stock, rather than shares of common or preferred stock, with those rights and subject to the terms and conditions that we may specify in a related prospectus supplement. If we do so, we will provide for a depositary (either a bank or trust company depositary that has its principal office in the United States) to issue receipts for depositary shares, each of which will represent a fractional interest in a share of common or preferred stock. The shares of common or preferred stock underlying the depositary shares will be deposited under a deposit agreement between us and the depositary. The prospectus supplement will include the name and address of the depositary.

DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS

We may issue warrants to purchase debt or equity securities. Each warrant will entitle the holder to purchase for cash the amount of debt or equity securities at the exercise price stated or determinable in the prospectus supplement for the warrants. We may issue warrants independently or together with any offered securities. The warrants may be attached to or separate from those offered securities. We will issue the warrants under warrant agreements to be entered into between us and a bank or trust company, as warrant agent, all as described in a related prospectus supplement. The warrant agent will act solely as our agent in connection with the warrants and will not assume any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for or with any holders or beneficial owners of warrants.

The prospectus supplement relating to any warrants that we may offer will contain the specific terms of the warrants. These terms will include some or all of the following:

 

   

the title of the warrants;

 

   

the price or prices at which the warrants will be issued;

 

   

the designation, amount and terms of the securities for which the warrants are exercisable;

 

   

the designation and terms of the other securities, if any, with which the warrants are to be issued and the number of warrants issued with each other security;

 

23


Table of Contents
   

the aggregate number of warrants;

 

   

any provisions for adjustment of the number or amount of securities receivable upon exercise of the warrants or the exercise price of the warrants;

 

   

the price or prices at which the securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants may be purchased;

 

   

the date on and after which the warrants and the securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants will be separately transferable, if applicable;

 

   

a discussion of any material U.S. federal income tax considerations applicable to the exercise of the warrants;

 

   

the date on which the right to exercise the warrants will commence, and the date on which the right will expire;

 

   

the maximum or minimum number of warrants that may be exercised at any time;

 

   

information with respect to book-entry procedures, if any; and

 

   

any other terms of the warrants, including terms, procedures and limitations relating to the exchange and exercise of the warrants.

DESCRIPTION OF PURCHASE CONTRACTS

We may issue purchase contracts, including contracts obligating holders to purchase from us and us to sell to the holders, a specified number of shares of common stock, preferred stock or depositary shares at a future date or dates. Alternatively, the purchase contracts may obligate us to purchase from holders, and obligate holders to sell to us, a specified or varying number of shares of common stock, preferred stock or depositary shares. The consideration per share of common stock or preferred stock or per depositary share may be fixed at the time the purchase contracts are issued or may be determined by a specific reference to a formula set forth in the purchase contracts. The purchase contracts may provide for settlement by delivery by us or on our behalf of shares of the underlying security, or they may provide for settlement by reference or linkage to the value, performance or trading price of the underlying security. The purchase contracts may be issued separately or as part of purchase units consisting of a purchase contract and debt securities, preferred stock or debt obligations of third parties, including U.S. treasury securities, other purchase contracts or common stock, or other securities or property, securing the holders’ obligations to purchase or sell, as the case may be, the common stock, preferred stock, depository shares or other security or property under the purchase contracts. The purchase contracts may require us to make periodic payments to the holders thereof or vice versa, and these payments may be unsecured or prefunded on some basis and may be paid on a current or on a deferred basis. The purchase contracts may require holders to secure their obligations thereunder in a specified manner and may provide for the prepayment of all or part of the consideration payable by holders in connection with the purchase of the underlying security or other property pursuant to the purchase contracts.

The securities related to the purchase contracts may be pledged to a collateral agent for our benefit pursuant to a pledge agreement to secure the obligations of holders of purchase contracts to purchase the underlying security or property under the related purchase contracts. The rights of holders of purchase contracts to the related pledged securities will be subject to our security interest therein created by the pledge agreement. No holder of purchase contracts will be permitted to withdraw the pledged securities related to such purchase contracts from the pledge arrangement.

D ESCRIPTION OF UNITS

We may issue units consisting of one or more purchase contracts, warrants, debt securities, shares of preferred stock, shares of common stock or any combination of such of our securities (but not securities of third parties), as specified in a related prospectus supplement.

 

24


Table of Contents

LEGAL OWNERSHIP

In this prospectus and in any applicable prospectus supplement, when we refer to the “holders” of securities as being entitled to specified rights or payments, we mean only the actual legal holders of the securities. While you will be the holder if you hold a security registered in your name, more often than not the holder actually will be a broker, bank or other financial institution or, in the case of a global security, the depositary. Our obligations, as well as the obligations of the trustee, any transfer agent, any registrar and any third parties employed by us, the trustee, any transfer agent and any registrar, run only to persons who are registered as holders of our securities, except as may be specifically provided for in the contract governing the securities. For example, once we make payment to the registered holder, we have no further responsibility for the payment even if that holder is legally required to pass the payment along to you as a street name customer but does not do so.

Holding securities in accounts at banks, brokers or other financial institutions is called holding in “street name.” If you hold our securities in street name, we will recognize only the bank or broker, or the financial institution the bank or broker uses to hold the securities, as a holder. These intermediary banks, brokers, other financial institutions and depositaries pass along principal, interest, dividends and other payments, if any, on the securities, either because they agree to do so in their customer agreements or because they legally are required to do so. This means that if you are an indirect holder, you will need to coordinate with the institution through which you hold your interest in a security in order to determine how the provisions involving holders described in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement actually will apply to you. For example, if the debt security in which you hold a beneficial interest in street name can be repaid at the option of the holder, you cannot redeem it yourself by following the procedures described in the prospectus supplement that applies to that security. Instead, you would need to cause the institution through which you hold your interest to take those actions on your behalf. Your institution may have procedures and deadlines different from or additional to those described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

If you hold our securities in street name or through other indirect means, you should check with the institution through which you hold your interest in a security to find out:

 

   

How it handles payments and notices with respect to the securities;

 

   

Whether it imposes fees or charges;

 

   

How it handles voting, if applicable;

 

   

How and when you should notify it to exercise on your behalf any rights or options that may exist under the securities;

 

   

Whether and how you can instruct it to send you securities registered in your own name so you can be a direct holder as described below; and

 

   

How it would pursue rights under the securities if there were a default or other event triggering the need for holders to act to protect their interests.

 

25


Table of Contents

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

We may sell the securities covered by this prospectus in any of the following three ways (or in any combination of the following three ways):

 

   

to or through underwriters or dealers;

 

   

directly to a limited number of purchasers or to a single purchaser; or

 

   

through agents.

We may enter into derivative transactions with third parties, or sell securities not covered by this prospectus to third parties in privately negotiated transactions. If the applicable prospectus supplement so indicates, in connection with those derivatives, the third parties may sell securities covered by this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, including in short sale transactions. If so, the third party may use securities pledged by us or borrowed from us or others to settle those sales or to close out any related open borrowings of stock and may use securities received from us in settlement of those derivatives to close out any related open borrowings of stock. The third party in such sale transactions will be an underwriter and, if not identified in this prospectus, will be identified in the applicable prospectus supplement (or a post-effective amendment to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part).

The applicable prospectus supplement will set forth the terms of the offering of the securities covered by this prospectus, including:

 

   

the name or names of any underwriters, dealers or agents and the amounts of securities underwritten or purchased by each of them;

 

   

the initial public offering price of the securities and the proceeds to us and any discounts, commissions or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers; and

 

   

any securities exchanges on which the securities may be listed.

Any initial public offering price and any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers may be changed from time to time.

Underwriters or the third parties described above may offer and sell the offered securities from time to time in one or more transactions, including negotiated transactions, at a fixed public offering price or at varying prices determined at the time of sale. If we use underwriters in the sale of any securities, the securities will be acquired by the underwriters for their own account and may be resold from time to time in one or more transactions described above. The securities may be offered to the public either through underwriting syndicates represented by managing underwriters or directly by underwriters. Generally, the underwriters’ obligations to purchase the securities will be subject to customary conditions. The underwriters will be obligated to purchase all of the offered securities if they purchase any of the offered securities.

We may sell the securities through agents from time to time. The applicable prospectus supplement will name any agent involved in the offer or sale of the securities and any commissions we pay to them. Generally, any agent will be acting on a best efforts basis for the period of its appointment.

We may authorize underwriters, dealers or agents to solicit offers by certain purchasers to purchase the securities from us at the public offering price set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement pursuant to delayed delivery contracts providing for payment and delivery on a specified date in the future. The contracts will be subject only to those conditions set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement, and the applicable prospectus supplement will set forth any commissions we pay for solicitation of these contracts.

Certain persons participating in this offering may engage in transactions that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of the securities. Specifically, in connection with underwritten offerings of the offered securities and in accordance with applicable law and industry practice, the underwriters may over-allot and may bid for, and purchase, the securities in the open market.

 

26


Table of Contents

Agents, underwriters and other third parties described above that participate in the distribution of the offered securities may be underwriters as defined in the Securities Act, and any discounts or commissions they receive from us and any profit on their resale of the securities may be treated as underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act. We may have agreements with the agents, underwriters and those other third parties to indemnify them against specified civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribute to payments they may be required to make in respect of those liabilities. Agents, underwriters and those other third parties may engage in transactions with or perform services for us in the ordinary course of their businesses.

To comply with applicable state securities laws, the securities offered by this prospectus will be sold, if necessary, in such jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, securities may not be sold in some states absent registration or pursuant to an exemption from applicable state securities laws.

 

27


Table of Contents

FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO OUR QUALIFICATION AND TAXATION AS A REIT

The following summary of U.S. federal income tax considerations is based on existing law, and is limited to our qualification and taxation as a REIT. The opinion of our tax counsel, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, attached hereto as Exhibit 8.1 addresses our qualification and taxation as a REIT since January 1, 2012, as set forth in this summary. For a discussion of certain U.S. federal income tax considerations that may be relevant to persons considering the purchase of debt securities covered by this prospectus, please see the section entitled “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Debt Securities” beginning on page 43. For a discussion of U.S. federal income tax considerations that may be relevant to persons considering the purchase of our stock covered by this prospectus, please see the section entitled “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock” beginning on page 48.

The sections of the Code that govern federal income tax qualification and treatment of a REIT are complex. This section contains a summary of applicable Code provisions, related rules and regulations and administrative and judicial interpretations, all of which are subject to change, possibly with retroactive effect. Future legislative, judicial or administrative actions or decisions could also affect the accuracy of statements made in this summary. We have received private letter rulings from the IRS with respect to some but not all of the matters described in this summary, and we cannot provide assurance that the IRS or a court will agree with all of the statements made in this summary. The IRS or a court could, for example, take a different position from that described in this summary with respect to our acquisitions, operations, restructurings or other matters, including with respect to matters similar to, but subsequent or unrelated to, those matters addressed in the IRS private letter rulings issued to us; furthermore, while a private letter ruling from the IRS generally is binding on the IRS, we and our tax counsel cannot rely on the private letter rulings if the factual representations, assumptions or undertakings made in our letter ruling requests to the IRS are untrue or incomplete in any material respect. If successful, IRS challenges could result in significant tax liabilities for applicable parties. In addition, this summary is not exhaustive of all possible tax consequences related to our qualification and taxation as a REIT, and does not discuss any estate, gift, state, local or foreign tax consequences. For all these reasons, we urge any holder of or prospective acquiror of our securities to consult with a tax advisor about the federal income tax and other tax consequences of our qualification and taxation as a REIT. Our intentions and beliefs described in this summary are based upon our understanding of applicable laws and regulations that are in effect as of the date of this prospectus. If new laws or regulations are enacted which impact us directly or indirectly, we may change our intentions or beliefs.

Taxation as a REIT

Effective for our taxable year ended December 31, 2012, we will elect to be taxed as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Code, and the discussion below assumes that we will make that election by timely filing our federal income tax return as a REIT. Our REIT election, assuming continuing compliance with the then applicable qualification tests, will continue in effect for subsequent taxable years. Although no assurance can be given, we believe that, since January 1, 2012, we have been organized and have operated, and will continue to be organized and to operate, in a manner that qualified and will continue to qualify us to be taxed under the Code as a REIT.

Our tax counsel has opined that we have been organized and will have qualified as a REIT under the Code for our 2012 taxable year upon our filing a timely REIT federal income tax return for that year, and that our current investments and plan of operation will enable us to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code. Our tax counsel’s opinions are conditioned upon the assumption that our Certificate of Incorporation, By-Laws, licenses and all other applicable legal documents to which we are or have been a party have been and will be complied with by all parties to those documents, upon the accuracy and completeness of the factual matters described in this prospectus, upon private letter rulings issued to us by the IRS as to certain federal income tax matters, and upon representations made by us as to certain factual matters

 

28


Table of Contents

relating to our organization and operations and our expected manner of operation. If this assumption or a representation is inaccurate or incomplete, our tax counsel’s opinions may be adversely affected and may not be relied upon. The opinions of our tax counsel are based upon the law as it exists today, but the law may change in the future, possibly with retroactive effect. Given the highly complex nature of the rules governing REITs, the ongoing importance of factual determinations, and the possibility of future changes in our circumstances, no assurance can be given by our tax counsel or us regarding the continuing accuracy of the matters in this summary. Any opinion of our tax counsel will be expressed as of the date issued. Our tax counsel will have no obligation to advise us or holders of our securities of any subsequent change in the matters stated, represented or assumed or of any subsequent change in the applicable law. Also, the opinions of tax counsel are not binding on either the IRS or a court, and either could take a position different from that expressed by tax counsel.

Our continued qualification and taxation as a REIT will depend upon our compliance on a continuing basis with various qualification tests imposed under the Code and summarized below. Our ability to satisfy the asset tests will depend in part upon our good faith analysis of the fair market values of our assets, some of which are not susceptible to a precise determination. Our compliance with the REIT income and quarterly asset requirements also depends upon our ability to successfully manage the composition of our income and assets on an ongoing basis. While we believe that we will satisfy these tests, our tax counsel will not review compliance with these tests on a continuing basis. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any year, we will be subject to federal income taxation as if we were a corporation taxed under subchapter C of the Code, or a C corporation, and our stockholders will be taxed like stockholders of C corporations, meaning that federal income tax generally will be applied at both the corporate and stockholder levels. In this event, we could be subject to significant tax liabilities, and the amount of cash available for payment or distribution to our securityholders could be reduced or eliminated.

As a REIT, we generally are not subject to federal income tax on our net income distributed as dividends to our stockholders. Distributions to our stockholders generally are included in their income as dividends to the extent of our current or accumulated earnings and profits. Our dividends are not generally entitled to the preferential tax rates on qualified dividend income, but a portion of our dividends may be treated as capital gain dividends or qualified dividend income, all as explained below. No portion of any of our dividends is eligible for the dividends received deduction for corporate stockholders. Distributions in excess of current or accumulated earnings and profits generally are treated for federal income tax purposes as returns of capital to the extent of a recipient stockholder’s basis in our stock, and will reduce this basis. Our current or accumulated earnings and profits generally will be allocated first to distributions made on our outstanding preferred stock, if any, and thereafter to distributions made on our common stock. For all these purposes, our distributions include both cash distributions and any in kind distributions of property that we might make.

If we qualify as a REIT and meet the tests described below, we generally will not pay federal income tax on amounts we distribute to our stockholders. However, even if we qualify as a REIT, we may be subject to federal tax in the following circumstances:

 

   

We will be taxed at regular corporate rates on any undistributed “real estate investment trust taxable income,” determined by including our undistributed net capital gains and after offset by our available net operating loss carryovers (NOLs);

 

   

If our alternative minimum taxable income exceeds our taxable income, we may be subject to the corporate alternative minimum tax on our items of tax preference. Items that are treated differently for regular and alternative minimum tax purposes are to be allocated between a REIT and its stockholders under Treasury regulations which are yet to be prescribed. It is possible that these Treasury regulations will require tax preference items to be allocated to us with respect to any accelerated depreciation or other tax preference items that we claim, including a portion of the NOLs we may utilize;

 

   

If we have net income from the disposition of “foreclosure property” that is held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business or from other nonqualifying income from foreclosure property, we will be subject to tax on this income at the highest regular corporate rate, currently 35%;

 

29


Table of Contents
   

If we have net income from prohibited transactions—that is, dispositions of inventory or property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business other than dispositions of foreclosure property and other than dispositions excepted under a statutory safe harbor—we will be subject to tax on this income at a 100% rate;

 

   

If we fail to satisfy the 75% gross income test or the 95% gross income test discussed below, but nonetheless maintain our qualification as a REIT, we will be subject to tax at a 100% rate on the greater of the amount by which we fail the 75% or the 95% test, with adjustments, multiplied by a fraction intended to reflect our profitability;

 

   

If we fail to distribute for any calendar year at least the sum of 85% of our REIT ordinary income for that year, 95% of our REIT capital gain net income for that year and any undistributed taxable income from prior periods, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax on the excess of the required distribution over the amounts actually distributed;

 

   

If we recognize gain on the disposition of any asset that was held by us on January 1, 2012 during a specified period (generally ten years) thereafter, then we will pay tax at the highest regular corporate tax rate, which is currently 35%, on the lesser of the excess of the fair market value of the asset over our basis in the asset on January 1, 2012, or the gain we recognize in the disposition. We currently do not expect to sell any assets if such a sale would result in the imposition of a material tax liability. We cannot, however, provide assurance that we will not change our plans in this regard;

 

   

If we acquire an asset from a corporation in a transaction in which our basis in the asset is determined by reference to the basis of the asset in the hands of a present or former C corporation (including, for example, if we were to liquidate a wholly owned taxable REIT subsidiary, or TRS), and if we subsequently recognize gain on the disposition of this asset during a specified period (generally ten years) beginning on the date on which the asset ceased to be owned by the C corporation, then we will pay tax at the highest regular corporate tax rate, which is currently 35%, on the lesser of the excess of the fair market value of the asset over the C corporation’s basis in the asset on the date the asset ceased to be owned by the C corporation, or the gain we recognize in the disposition. We currently do not expect to sell any assets if such a sale would result in the imposition of a material tax liability. We cannot, however, provide assurance that we will not change our plans in this regard;

 

   

If we acquire a corporation in a transaction where we succeed to its tax attributes, to preserve our status as a REIT we must generally distribute all of the C corporation earnings and profits inherited in that acquisition, if any, not later than the end of our taxable year in which the acquisition occurs. However, if we fail to do so, relief provisions would allow us to maintain our status as a REIT provided we distribute any subsequently discovered C corporation earnings and profits and pay an interest charge in respect of the period of delayed distribution;

 

   

As summarized below, REITs are permitted within limits to own stock and securities of a TRS. A domestic TRS is separately taxed on its net income as a C corporation, and is subject to limitations on the deductibility of interest expense paid to its REIT parent. While a foreign TRS is taxed in the United States only to the extent it has income that is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States or that is investment income from United States sources, a foreign TRS is generally subject to foreign taxes in the jurisdictions in which its assets or operations are located. In addition, the REIT parent is subject to a 100% tax on the amount by which various charges and reimbursements between the parent REIT and its TRS are determined to be priced excessively in favor of the REIT rather than on an arms’ length basis; and

 

   

To the extent we invest in properties in foreign jurisdictions, our income from those properties will generally be subject to tax in those jurisdictions. If we continue to operate as we do, then we will distribute all of our taxable income to our stockholders such that we will generally not pay federal income tax. As a result, we cannot recover the cost of foreign income taxes imposed on our foreign investments by claiming foreign tax credits against our federal income tax liability. Also, we cannot pass through to our stockholders any foreign tax credits.

 

30


Table of Contents

If we fail to qualify as a REIT or elect not to qualify as a REIT, then we will be subject to federal income tax in the same manner as a regular C corporation. Further, as a regular C corporation, distributions to our stockholders will not be deductible by us, nor will distributions be required under the Code. Also, to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits, all distributions to our stockholders will generally be taxable as ordinary dividends potentially eligible for preferential tax rates, discussed below in “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock—Taxation of U.S. Stockholders” and, subject to limitations in the Code, will be eligible for the dividends received deduction for corporate stockholders. Finally, we will generally be disqualified from qualification as a REIT for the four taxable years following disqualification. Our failure to qualify as a REIT for even one year could result in reduction or elimination of distributions to our stockholders, or in our incurring substantial indebtedness or liquidating substantial investments in order to pay the resulting corporate level taxes, which could adversely impact our ability to make payments or distributions to our securityholders. The Code provides certain relief provisions under which we might avoid automatically ceasing to be a REIT for failure to meet certain REIT requirements, all as discussed in more detail below.

REIT Qualification Requirements

General Requirements. Section 856(a) of the Code defines a REIT as a corporation, trust or association:

 

  (1) that is managed by one or more trustees or directors;

 

  (2) the beneficial ownership of which is evidenced by transferable shares or by transferable certificates of beneficial interest;

 

  (3) that would be taxable, but for Sections 856 through 859 of the Code, as a domestic C corporation;

 

  (4) that is not a financial institution or an insurance company subject to special provisions of the Code;

 

  (5) the beneficial ownership of which is held by 100 or more persons;

 

  (6) that is not “closely held” as defined under the personal holding company stock ownership test, as described below; and

 

  (7) that meets other tests regarding income, assets and distributions, all as described below.

Section 856(b) of the Code provides that conditions (1) through (4) must be met during the entire taxable year and that condition (5) must be met during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months, or during a pro rata part of a taxable year of less than 12 months. Section 856(h)(2) of the Code provides that neither condition (5) nor (6) need be met for our first taxable year as a REIT. We believe that we have met and will meet conditions (1) through (7) during each of the requisite periods commencing with our first taxable year as a REIT, and that we will continue to meet these conditions in future taxable years. There can, however, be no assurance in this regard.

By reason of condition (6), we will fail to qualify as a REIT for a taxable year if at any time during the last half of a year (except for our first taxable year as a REIT) more than 50% in value of our outstanding stock is owned directly or indirectly by five or fewer individuals. To help comply with condition (6), our Certificate of Incorporation restricts transfers of our stock that would otherwise result in concentrated ownership positions. In addition, if we comply with applicable Treasury regulations to ascertain the ownership of our stock and do not know, or by exercising reasonable diligence would not have known, that we failed condition (6), then we will be treated as having met condition (6). However, our failure to comply with these regulations for ascertaining ownership may result in a penalty of $25,000, or $50,000 for intentional violations. Accordingly, we have complied and will continue to comply with these regulations, including requesting annually from record holders of significant percentages of our stock information regarding the ownership of our stock. Under our Certificate of Incorporation, our stockholders are required to respond to these requests for information.

 

31


Table of Contents

For purposes of condition (6), the term “individuals” is defined in the Code to include natural persons, supplemental unemployment compensation benefit plans, private foundations and portions of a trust permanently set aside or used exclusively for charitable purposes, but not other entities or qualified pension plans or profit-sharing trusts. As a result, REIT shares owned by an entity that is not an “individual” are considered to be owned by the direct and indirect owners of the entity that are individuals (as so defined), rather than to be owned by the entity itself. Similarly, REIT shares held by a qualified pension plan or profit-sharing trust are treated as held directly by the individual beneficiaries in proportion to their actuarial interests in such plan or trust. Consequently, five or fewer such trusts could own more than 50% of the interests in an entity without jeopardizing that entity’s federal income tax qualification as a REIT. However, as discussed below under “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Stock—Taxation of Tax-Exempt Stockholders”, if a REIT is a “pension-held REIT,” each qualified pension plan or profit-sharing pension trust owning more than 10% of the REIT’s shares by value generally may be taxed on a portion of the dividends it receives from the REIT.

The Code provides that we will not automatically fail to be a REIT if we do not meet conditions (1) through (6), provided we can establish reasonable cause for any such failure. Each such excused failure will result in the imposition of a $50,000 penalty instead of REIT disqualification. It is impossible to state whether in all circumstances we would be entitled to the benefit of this relief provision. This relief provision applies to any failure of the applicable conditions, even if the failure first occurred in a prior taxable year.

Our Wholly Owned Subsidiaries and Our Investments Through Partnerships. Except in respect of TRSs as discussed below, Section 856(i) of the Code provides that any corporation, 100% of whose stock is held by a REIT and its disregarded subsidiaries, is a qualified REIT subsidiary and shall not be treated as a separate corporation. The assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of a qualified REIT subsidiary are treated as the REIT’s. We believe that each of our direct and indirect wholly owned subsidiaries, other than the TRSs discussed below, will be either a qualified REIT subsidiary within the meaning of Section 856(i) of the Code or a noncorporate entity that for federal income tax purposes is not treated as separate from its owner under regulations issued under Section 7701 of the Code, each of which we refer to as a QRS. Thus, except for the TRSs discussed below, in applying all the federal income tax REIT qualification requirements described in this summary, all assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit of our direct and indirect wholly owned subsidiaries are treated as ours.

We have invested and may invest in real estate through one or more entities that are treated as partnerships for federal income tax purposes, including limited or general partnerships, limited liability companies or foreign entities. In the case of a REIT that is a partner in a partnership, regulations under the Code provide that, for purposes of the REIT qualification requirements regarding income and assets discussed below, the REIT is deemed to own its proportionate share of the assets of the partnership corresponding to the REIT’s proportionate capital interest in the partnership and is deemed to be entitled to the income of the partnership attributable to this proportionate share. In addition, for these purposes, the character of the assets and gross income of the partnership generally retains the same character in the hands of the REIT. Accordingly, our proportionate share of the assets, liabilities and items of income of each partnership in which we are a partner is treated as ours for purposes of the income tests and asset tests discussed below. In contrast, for purposes of the distribution requirement discussed below, we must take into account as a partner our share of the partnership’s income as determined under the general federal income tax rules governing partners and partnerships under Sections 701 through 777 of the Code.

To the extent our QRSs and partnerships have assets or operations in foreign jurisdictions, their income from those assets and operations will generally be subject to tax in those jurisdictions. If we and our QRSs and partnerships continue to operate as we currently do, then our foreign QRSs and partnerships will not have any U.S. operations, and we will generally not pay federal income tax to the extent we distribute our taxable income to our stockholders each year. As a result, we cannot recover the cost of foreign income taxes imposed on our QRSs’ and partnerships’ foreign investments by claiming foreign tax credits against our federal income tax liability. Also, we cannot pass through to our stockholders any foreign tax credits.

 

32


Table of Contents

Taxable REIT Subsidiaries. We are permitted to own any or all of the securities of a “taxable REIT subsidiary” as defined in Section 856(l) of the Code, provided that no more than 25% of the total value of our assets, at the close of each quarter, is comprised of our investments in the stock or securities of our TRSs. We have received a private letter ruling from the IRS that a loan to a TRS of ours that is adequately secured by towers, tower sites or other interests in real property will not be treated as a security for purposes of this 25% TRS limitation. Among other requirements, a TRS of ours must:

 

  (1) be a non-REIT corporation for federal income tax purposes in which we directly or indirectly own shares;

 

  (2) join with us in making a TRS election;

 

  (3) not directly or indirectly operate or manage a lodging facility or a health care facility; and

 

  (4) not directly or indirectly provide to any person, under a franchise, license or otherwise, rights to any brand name under which any lodging facility or health care facility is operated, except that in limited circumstances a subfranchise, sublicense or similar right can be granted to an independent contractor to operate or manage a lodging facility or a health care facility.

In addition, a corporation other than a REIT in which a TRS directly or indirectly owns more than 35% of the voting power or value will automatically be treated as a TRS. Subject to the discussion below, we believe that we and each of our TRSs have complied with, and will continue to comply with, on a continuous basis, the requirements for TRS status at all times during which the subsidiary’s TRS election is reported as being in effect, and we believe that the same will be true for any TRS that we later form or acquire.

Our ownership of stock and securities in TRSs is exempt from the 10% and 5% REIT asset tests discussed below. Also, as discussed below, TRSs can perform services for our tenants without disqualifying the rents we receive from those tenants under the 75% or 95% gross income tests discussed below. Moreover, because TRSs are taxed as C corporations that are separate from us, their assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit generally are not imputed to us for purposes of the REIT qualification requirements described in this summary. Therefore, TRSs can generally undertake third party management and development activities and activities not related to real estate.

Restrictions are imposed on TRSs to ensure that they will be subject to an appropriate level of federal income taxation. For example, a TRS may not deduct interest paid in any year to an affiliated REIT to the extent that the interest payments exceed, generally, 50% of the TRS’s adjusted taxable income for that year. However, the TRS may carry forward the disallowed interest expense to a succeeding year, and deduct the interest in that later year subject to that year’s 50% adjusted taxable income limitation. In addition, if a TRS pays interest, rent or other amounts to its affiliated REIT in an amount that exceeds what an unrelated third party would have paid in an arm’s length transaction, then the REIT generally will be subject to an excise tax equal to 100% of the excessive portion of the payment. Finally, if in comparison to an arm’s length transaction, a tenant has overpaid rent to the REIT in exchange for underpaying the TRS for services rendered, and if the REIT has not adequately compensated the TRS for services provided to or on behalf of a tenant, then the REIT may be subject to an excise tax equal to 100% of the undercompensation to the TRS. A safe harbor exception to this excise tax applies if the TRS has been compensated at a rate at least equal to 150% of its direct cost in furnishing or rendering the service. We believe that our TRSs have received and will continue to receive at least arm’s length compensation, from our tenants or from us, for the services they provide to our tenants. There can be no assurance that arrangements involving our TRSs will not result in the imposition of one or more of these deduction limitations or excise taxes, but we do not believe that we are or will be subject to these impositions.

To the extent our TRSs have assets or operations in foreign jurisdictions, their income from those assets and operations will generally be subject to tax in those jurisdictions. If we and our TRSs continue to operate as we currently do, then our foreign TRSs will not have any U.S. operations or federal income tax liability, and we will generally not pay federal income tax to the extent we distribute our taxable income, including our dividend

 

33


Table of Contents

income from our TRSs, to our stockholders each year. As a result, we cannot recover the cost of foreign income taxes imposed on our TRSs’ foreign investments by claiming foreign tax credits against either our or their federal income tax liability. Also, we cannot pass through to our stockholders any foreign tax credits.

Our Assets as Real Estate Assets. Treasury regulations define “real property” for purposes of Section 856 of the Code to mean land or improvements thereon, such as buildings or other inherently permanent structures thereon, including items which are structural components of such buildings or structures. In addition, the term is defined recursively so that real property includes interests in real property. For these purposes, local law definitions are not controlling. By way of illustration, Treasury regulations provide that real property includes wiring in a building, plumbing systems, central heating or central air-conditioning machinery, pipes or ducts, elevators or escalators installed in a building and other items which are structural components of a building or other permanent structure; however, again by way of example, real property is defined to exclude assets accessory to the operation of a business such as machinery, printing presses, transportation equipment which is not a structural component of the building, office equipment, refrigerators, individual air-conditioning units, grocery counters or furnishings of a motel, hotel or office building. For purposes of Section 856 of the Code, real property includes real property outside of the United States as well as real property within the United States.

Treasury regulations provide that, for purposes of Section 856 of the Code, the term “interests in real property” includes several types of interests that relate to real property such as (a) fee ownership and co-ownership of land or improvements thereon, leaseholds of land or improvements thereon, options to acquire land or improvements thereon and options to acquire leaseholds of land or improvements thereon, (b) timeshare interests that represent an undivided fractional fee interest, or undivided leasehold interest, in real property, and that entitle the holders of the interests to the use and enjoyment of the property for a specified period of time each year, and (c) stock held by a person as a tenant-stockholder in a cooperative housing corporation (as those terms are defined in Section 216 of the Code). In administrative pronouncements spanning several decades, the IRS has concluded that “interests in real property” properly include intangibles such as voting rights and goodwill that are inextricably and compulsorily tied to real property or otherwise inseparable from real property.

We received a private letter ruling from the IRS that, for purposes of Section 856 of the Code, our towers and the sites on which they are located (including any fencing, shelters and permanently installed backup generators) are interests in real property, and intangible assets (including goodwill) derived from our real estate are also “interests in real property.” Because all or substantially all of our intangible assets (including goodwill) as reported on our audited financial statements relate to current and future rental cash flows from space on our towers and at our tower sites, we believe that all or substantially all of these intangibles are inextricably and compulsorily tied to, and derived from, our real estate and are thus “interests in real property.”

In order to qualify as a mortgage on real property for purposes of the 75% gross income test and 75% asset test discussed below, a mortgage loan must be secured by real property with a fair market value, at the time the loan is made, at least equal to the amount of the loan. In Revenue Ruling 80-280, 1980-2 C.B. 207, the IRS concluded that a loan secured by a mortgage loan can itself qualify as an interest in mortgages on real property where the ultimate collateral in the arrangement is real property of sufficient fair market value. Although there can be no assurance in this regard, we believe that our loans that are intended to be mortgages on real property for purposes of the REIT income and asset tests below in fact so qualify, because we generally seek to have those loans directly secured by real property of sufficient fair market value or indirectly and ultimately secured by real property of sufficient fair market value consistent with the principles of Revenue Ruling 80-280.

Income Tests. There are two gross income requirements for qualification as a REIT under the Code:

 

   

At least 75% of our gross income (excluding: (a) gross income from sales or other dispositions of property held primarily for sale; (b) any income arising from “clearly identified” hedging transactions that we enter into to manage interest rate or price changes or currency fluctuations with respect to borrowings we incur to acquire or carry real estate assets; (c) any income arising from “clearly

 

34


Table of Contents
 

identified” hedging transactions that we enter into primarily to manage risk of currency fluctuations relating to any item that qualifies under the 75% or 95% gross income tests (or any property that generates such income or gain); (d) real estate foreign exchange gain (as defined in Section 856(n)(2) of the Code); (e) income from the repurchase or discharge of indebtedness; and (f) gross income excludable under Section 856(c)(5)(J)(i) of the Code on account of an IRS private letter ruling issued to us, including applicable adjustments under Section 481(a) of the Code) must be derived from investments relating to real property, including “rents from real property” as defined under Section 856 of the Code, interest and gain from mortgages on real property, income and gain from foreclosure property, gain from the sale or other disposition of real property other than dealer property, dividends and gain from shares in other REITs, or amounts described under Section 856(c)(5)(J)(ii) of the Code as producing income described in Section 856(c)(3) of the Code on account of an IRS private letter ruling issued to us. When we receive new capital in exchange for our stock or in a public offering of five-year or longer debt instruments, income attributable to the temporary investment of this new capital in stock or a debt instrument, if received or accrued within one year of our receipt of the new capital, is generally also qualifying income under the 75% gross income test.

 

   

At least 95% of our gross income (excluding: (a) gross income from sales or other dispositions of property held primarily for sale; (b) any income arising from “clearly identified” hedging transactions that we enter into to manage interest rate or price changes or currency fluctuations with respect to borrowings we incur to acquire or carry real estate assets; (c) any income arising from “clearly identified” hedging transactions that we enter into primarily to manage risk of currency fluctuations relating to any item that qualifies under the 75% or 95% gross income tests (or any property that generates such income or gain); (d) passive foreign exchange gain (as defined in Section 856(n)(3) of the Code); (e) income from the repurchase or discharge of indebtedness; and (f) gross income excludable under Section 856(c)(5)(J)(i) of the Code on account of an IRS private letter ruling issued to us, including applicable adjustments under Section 481(a) of the Code) must be derived from a combination of items of real property income that satisfy the 75% gross income test described above, dividends, interest, gains from the sale or disposition of stock, securities or real property, or amounts described under Section 856(c)(5)(J)(ii) of the Code as producing income described in Section 856(c)(2) on account of an IRS private letter ruling issued to us.

For purposes of the 75% and 95% gross income tests outlined above, income derived from a “shared appreciation provision” in a mortgage loan is generally treated as gain recognized on the sale of the property to which it relates. Although we will use our best efforts to ensure that the income generated by our investments will be of a type that satisfies both the 75% and 95% gross income tests, there can be no assurance in this regard.

In order to qualify as “rents from real property” under Section 856 of the Code, several requirements must be met:

 

   

The amount of rent received generally must not be based on the income or profits of any person, but may be based on receipts or sales.

 

   

With respect to various obligations of ours that we pass through to our tenants, such as ground rents and property taxes, the passed-through amounts paid by our tenants are generally considered additional rental income received by us. We have received a private letter ruling from the IRS to the effect that, so long as the passed-through amounts are actually paid over to our own obligees, otherwise qualifying amounts we receive from our tenants that include passed-through amounts will be treated in full as qualifying under the 75% and 95% gross income tests, even if the passed-through amounts are based on income or profits from the property.

 

   

Rents do not qualify if the REIT owns 10% or more by vote or value of the tenant, whether directly or after application of attribution rules. While we intend not to lease property to any party if rents from that property would not qualify as rents from real property, application of the 10% ownership rule is dependent upon complex attribution rules and circumstances that may be beyond our control. For

 

35


Table of Contents
 

example, an unaffiliated third party’s ownership directly or by attribution of 10% or more by value of our stock, as well as an ownership position in the stock of one of our tenants which, when added to our own ownership position in that tenant, totals 10% or more by vote or value of the stock of that tenant, would result in that tenant’s rents not qualifying as rents from real property. Our Certificate of Incorporation disallows transfers or purported acquisitions, directly or by attribution, of our stock to the extent necessary to maintain our REIT status under the Code. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that these provisions in our Certificate of Incorporation will be effective to prevent our REIT status from being jeopardized under the 10% affiliated tenant rule. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that we will be able to monitor and enforce these restrictions, nor will our stockholders necessarily be aware of ownership of our stock attributed to them under the Code’s attribution rules.

 

   

There is a limited exception to the above prohibition on earning “rents from real property” from a 10% affiliated tenant, if the tenant is a TRS. If at least 90% of the leased/licensed space of a property is leased/licensed to tenants other than TRSs and 10% affiliated tenants, and if the TRS’s rent for space at that property is substantially comparable to the rents paid by nonaffiliated tenants for comparable space at the property, then otherwise qualifying rents paid by the TRS to the REIT will not be disqualified on account of the rule prohibiting 10% affiliated tenants. At some of our tower sites, we may license space to a TRS so that, for example, the TRS can operate a master antenna, backhaul antenna or other asset. In any such instance, we cannot be sure that the rental relationship will qualify under the limited exception for leasing/licensing space to a TRS. However, we expect the total rents we receive from leasing/licensing space to our TRSs will be immaterial to our compliance with the REIT gross income tests.

 

   

In order for rents to qualify, we generally must not manage the property or furnish or render services to the tenants of the property, except through an independent contractor from whom we derive no income or through one of our TRSs. There is an exception to this rule permitting a REIT to perform customary tenant services of the sort that a tax-exempt organization could perform without being considered in receipt of “unrelated business taxable income” as defined in Section 512(b)(3) of the Code. In addition, a de minimis amount of noncustomary services will not disqualify income as “rents from real property” so long as the value of the impermissible services does not exceed 1% of the gross income from the property.

 

   

If rent attributable to personal property leased in connection with a lease of real property is 15% or less of the total rent received under the lease, then the rent attributable to personal property will qualify as “rents from real property”; if this 15% threshold is exceeded, the rent attributable to personal property will not so qualify. The portion of rental income treated as attributable to personal property is determined according to the ratio of the fair market value of the personal property to the total fair market value of the real and personal property that is rented. While this 15% test generally is applied separately to each lease of real property, Treasury regulations provide that the test may be applied on an aggregate basis at a multi-tenanted facility with substantially similar leases, such that the aggregate rents received or accrued at the facility under substantially similar leases are tested by reference to the ratio of the fair market value of all rented personal property under such leases to the total fair market value of all rented real and personal property under such leases. We have received a private letter ruling from the IRS confirming that this aggregation is available to us on a site by site basis at our election.

For the reasons set forth below, we believe that, since January 1, 2012, all or substantially all our rents have qualified and will continue to qualify as rents from real property for purposes of Section 856 of the Code.

With respect to services we render at our tower sites, we believe that these services will be of the type that are usually or customarily performed in connection with the rental of tower space and that are not primarily for the benefit or convenience of our tenants. Therefore, we believe that our provision of these permissible services will not cause rents received with respect to our properties to fail to qualify as “rents from real property.” Any

 

36


Table of Contents

impermissible services at a tower site are expected to be provided by an independent contractor or a TRS under appropriate arrangements in order to avoid jeopardizing the qualification of our rent as “rents from real property.” We have received private letter rulings from the IRS that, based on our representation that particular services are customary and either are consistent with our fiduciary functions or benefit our properties as a whole, these specified services provided in connection with the rental of tower space will not cause otherwise qualifying amounts received by us to be excluded from “rents from real property” under Section 856(d) of the Code. If, contrary to our expectation, the IRS or a court determines that one or more services we provide to our tenants directly (as opposed to through a TRS or an independent contractor) are impermissible services, and that the amount of gross receipts we receive that is attributable to the provision of such services during a taxable year at a site exceeds 1% of all gross receipts we received or accrued during such taxable year with respect to that site, then all of the rents from that site will be nonqualifying income for purposes of the 75% and 95% gross income tests. Although rents at any one site are immaterial to our compliance with the 75% and 95% gross income tests, a finding by the IRS or a court of sufficient impermissible services at a large number of sites could possibly jeopardize our ability to comply with the 95% gross income test, and in an extreme case possibly even with the 75% gross income test. Under those circumstances, however, we expect we would qualify for the gross income tests’ relief provision described below, and thereby would preserve our qualification as a REIT; however, the penalty taxes associated with this relief could be material.

In applying the above criteria, each lease or license of space is evaluated separately from each other lease or license, except that the 1% threshold for impermissible services is applied on a site-by-site basis, as discussed above. For purposes of Section 856 of the Code, we believe that each site license under our master license agreements may be tested separately from each other site license under the above criteria, and we have received a private letter ruling from the IRS to that effect.

With respect to any foreign properties, we have maintained, and will continue to maintain, appropriate books and records for our foreign properties in local currencies. Accordingly, for federal income tax purposes, including presumably the 75% and 95% gross income tests summarized above, our income, gains and losses from our foreign operations that are not held in TRSs will generally be calculated first in the applicable local currency, and then translated into United States dollars at appropriate exchange rates. On the periodic repatriation of monies from such foreign operations to the United States, we will be required to recognize foreign exchange gains or losses; however, any foreign exchange gains we recognize from repatriation are expected to constitute “real estate foreign exchange gains” under Section 856(n)(2) of the Code, and will thus be excluded from the 75% and 95% gross income tests summarized above.

In addition, when we own interests in entities that are “controlled foreign corporations” for federal income tax purposes, we are deemed to receive our allocable share of certain income, referred to as Subpart F Income, earned by such controlled foreign corporations whether or not that income is actually distributed to us. Numerous exceptions apply in determining whether an item of income is Subpart F Income, including exceptions for rent received from an unrelated person and derived in the active conduct of a trade or business. Rents from real property are generally treated as earned in an active trade or business if the landlord/licensor regularly performs active and substantial management and operational functions with respect to the property while it is leased, but only if such activities are performed through the landlord/licensor’s own officers or staff of employees. We believe our controlled foreign corporations generally satisfy this active rental exception, and accordingly we have not recognized material amounts of Subpart F Income, though we may recognize material amounts of Subpart F income in the future. We have received private letter rulings from the IRS that the types of Subpart F Income most likely to be recognized by us qualify under the 95% gross income test. However, we have received no ruling regarding whether other types of Subpart F Income qualify for, or are excluded from, the 95% gross income test. In addition, we do not believe our Subpart F income qualifies under the 75% gross income test.

Absent the “foreclosure property” rules of Section 856(e) of the Code, a REIT’s receipt of nonrental, nonpassive income from a property would not qualify under the 75% and 95% gross income tests. But as foreclosure property, such gross income from such a property would so qualify. In the case of property leased by a REIT to a tenant, foreclosure property is defined under applicable Treasury regulations to include generally the

 

37


Table of Contents

real property and incidental personal property that the REIT reduces to possession upon a default or imminent default under the lease by the tenant, and as to which a foreclosure property election is made by attaching an appropriate statement to the REIT’s federal income tax return.

Any gain that a REIT recognizes on the sale of foreclosure property held as inventory or primarily for sale to customers, plus any income it receives from foreclosure property that would not qualify under the 75% gross income test in the absence of foreclosure property treatment, reduced by expenses directly connected with the production of those items of income, would be subject to income tax at the maximum corporate rate, currently 35%, under the foreclosure property income tax rules of Section 857(b)(4) of the Code. Thus, if a REIT should lease foreclosure property in exchange for rent that qualifies as “rents from real property” as described above, then that rental income is not subject to the foreclosure property income tax.

Other than sales of foreclosure property, any gain we realize on the sale of property held as inventory or other property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business will be treated as income from a prohibited transaction that is subject to a penalty tax at a 100% rate. This prohibited transaction income also may adversely affect our ability to satisfy the 75% and 95% gross income tests for federal income tax qualification as a REIT. We cannot provide assurances as to whether or not the IRS might successfully assert that one or more of our dispositions would be subject to the 100% penalty tax. However, we believe that dispositions of assets that we might make will not be subject to the 100% penalty tax, because we intend to:

 

   

engage in the business of developing, owning, leasing and managing our existing properties and acquiring, developing, owning, leasing and managing new properties; and

 

   

own our assets for long-term use in our business, with only occasional dispositions.

If we fail to satisfy one or both of the 75% or the 95% gross income tests in any taxable year, we may nevertheless qualify as a REIT for that year if we satisfy the following requirements:

 

   

our failure to meet the test is due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect; and

 

   

after we identify the failure, we file a schedule describing each item of our gross income included in the 75% or 95% gross income tests for that taxable year.

It is impossible to state whether in all circumstances we would be entitled to the benefit of this relief provision for the 75% and