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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016

SIMON PROPERTY GROUP, INC.
SIMON PROPERTY GROUP, L.P.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(Simon Property Group, Inc.)
Delaware
(Simon Property Group, L.P.)

(State of incorporation
or organization)
  001-14469
(Simon Property Group, Inc.)
001-36110
(Simon Property Group, L.P.)

(Commission File No.)
  04-6268599
(Simon Property Group, Inc.)
34-1755769
(Simon Property Group, L.P.)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

225 West Washington Street
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204

(Address of principal executive offices)

(317) 636-1600
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

          Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Simon Property Group, Inc.    Yes ý    No o

  Simon Property Group, L.P.    Yes ý    No o

          Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Simon Property Group, Inc.    Yes ý    No o

  Simon Property Group, L.P.    Yes ý    No o

          Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one):

Simon Property Group, Inc.:        

Large accelerated filer ý

 

Accelerated filer o

 

Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller
reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company o

Simon Property Group, L.P.:        

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer o

 

Non-accelerated filer ý
(Do not check if a smaller
reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company o

          Indicate by check mark whether Registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Simon Property Group, Inc.    Yes o    No ý

  Simon Property Group, L.P.    Yes o    No ý

          As of June 30, 2016, Simon Property Group, Inc. had 314,223,623 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and 8,000 shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding. Simon Property Group, L.P. has no common stock outstanding.

   


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EXPLANATORY NOTE

            This report combines the quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016 of Simon Property Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and Simon Property Group, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to "Simon" mean Simon Property Group, Inc. and references to the "Operating Partnership" mean Simon Property Group, L.P. References to "we," "us" and "our" mean collectively Simon, the Operating Partnership and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by Simon and/or the Operating Partnership.

            Simon is a real estate investment trust, or REIT, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. We are structured as an umbrella partnership REIT under which substantially all of our business is conducted through the Operating Partnership, Simon's majority-owned partnership subsidiary, for which Simon is the general partner. As of June 30, 2016, Simon owned an approximate 86.9% ownership interest in the Operating Partnership, with the remaining 13.1% ownership interest owned by limited partners. As the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, Simon has exclusive control of the Operating Partnership's day-to-day management.

            We operate Simon and the Operating Partnership as one business. The management of Simon consists of the same members as the management of the Operating Partnership. As general partner with control of the Operating Partnership, Simon consolidates the Operating Partnership for financial reporting purposes, and Simon has no material assets or liabilities other than its investment in the Operating Partnership. Therefore, the assets and liabilities of Simon and the Operating Partnership are the same on their respective financial statements.

            We believe that combining the quarterly reports on Form 10-Q of Simon and the Operating Partnership into this single report provides the following benefits:

            We believe it is important for investors to understand the few differences between Simon and the Operating Partnership in the context of how we operate as a consolidated company. The primary difference is that Simon itself does not conduct business, other than acting as the general partner of the Operating Partnership and issuing equity or equity-related instruments from time to time. In addition, Simon itself does not incur any indebtedness, as all debt is incurred by the Operating Partnership or entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by the Operating Partnership.

            The Operating Partnership holds, directly or indirectly, substantially all of our assets, including our ownership interests in our joint ventures. The Operating Partnership conducts all of our business and is structured as a partnership with no publicly traded equity. Except for the net proceeds from equity issuances by Simon, which are contributed to the capital of the Operating Partnership in exchange for, in the case of common stock issuances by Simon, common units of partnership interest in the Operating Partnership, or units, or, in the case of preferred stock issuances by Simon, preferred units of partnership interest in the Operating Partnership, or preferred units, the Operating Partnership, directly or indirectly, generates the capital required by our business through its operations, the incurrence of indebtedness, proceeds received from the disposition of certain properties and joint ventures and the issuance of units or preferred units to third parties.

            The presentation of stockholders' equity, partners' equity and noncontrolling interests are the main areas of difference between the consolidated financial statements of Simon and those of the Operating Partnership. The differences between stockholders' equity and partners' equity result from differences in the equity issued at the Simon and Operating Partnership levels. The units held by limited partners in the Operating Partnership are accounted for as partners' equity in the Operating Partnership's financial statements and the units held by limited partners are accounted for as noncontrolling interests in Simon's financial statements. The noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership's financial statements include the interests of unaffiliated partners in various consolidated partnerships. The noncontrolling interests in Simon's financial statements include the same noncontrolling interests at the Operating Partnership level and, as previously stated, the units held by limited partners of the Operating Partnership. Although classified differently, total equity of Simon and the Operating Partnership is the same.

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            To help investors understand the differences between Simon and the Operating Partnership, this report provides:

            This report also includes separate Part I, Item 4. Controls and Procedures sections and separate Exhibits 31 and 32 certifications for each of Simon and the Operating Partnership in order to establish that the requisite certifications have been made and that Simon and the Operating Partnership are each compliant with Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. §1350. The separate discussions of Simon and the Operating Partnership in this report should be read in conjunction with each other to understand our results on a consolidated basis and how management operates our business.

            In order to highlight the differences between Simon and the Operating Partnership, the separate sections in this report for Simon and the Operating Partnership specifically refer to Simon and the Operating Partnership. In the sections that combine disclosure of Simon and the Operating Partnership, this report refers to actions or holdings as being actions or holdings of "we," "us" or "ours." Although the Operating Partnership is generally the entity that directly or indirectly enters into contracts and joint ventures, holds assets and incurs debt, we believe that reference to "we," "us" or "our" in this context is appropriate because the business is one enterprise and we operate the business through the Operating Partnership.

3


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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Form 10-Q

INDEX

            

 
   
   
  Page  
Part I — Financial Information        

 

 

Item 1.

 

Consolidated Financial Statements of Simon Property Group, Inc. (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 
       

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

    5  
       

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

    6  
       

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

    7  

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Financial Statements of Simon Property Group, L.P. (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 
       

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

    8  
       

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

    9  
       

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

    10  

 

 

 

 

Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

11

 
    Item 2.   Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     33  
    Item 3.   Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures About Market Risk     48  
    Item 4.   Controls and Procedures     48  

Part II — Other Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

 

49

 
    Item 1A.   Risk Factors     49  
    Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds     49  
    Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities     49  
    Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures     50  
    Item 5.   Other Information     50  
    Item 6.   Exhibits     51  

Signatures

   
52
 

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in thousands, except share amounts)

 
  June 30,
2016
  December 31,
2015
 

ASSETS:

             

Investment properties at cost

  $ 34,332,270   $ 33,463,124  

Less — accumulated depreciation

    10,344,141     9,915,386  

    23,988,129     23,547,738  

Cash and cash equivalents

    884,281     701,134  

Tenant receivables and accrued revenue, net

    600,817     624,605  

Investment in unconsolidated entities, at equity

    2,690,821     2,481,574  

Investment in Klepierre, at equity

    1,878,751     1,943,363  

Deferred costs and other assets

    1,336,984     1,266,768  

Total assets

  $ 31,379,783   $ 30,565,182  

LIABILITIES:

             

Mortgages and unsecured indebtedness

  $ 22,923,941   $ 22,416,682  

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, intangibles, and deferred revenues

    1,209,518     1,323,801  

Cash distributions and losses in partnerships and joint ventures, at equity

    1,402,230     1,368,544  

Other liabilities

    369,281     214,249  

Total liabilities

    25,904,970     25,323,276  

Commitments and contingencies

             

Limited partners' preferred interest in the Operating Partnership and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

   
157,436
   
25,537
 

EQUITY:

   
 
   
 
 

Stockholders' Equity

             

Capital stock (850,000,000 total shares authorized, $0.0001 par value, 238,000,000 shares of excess common stock, 100,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock):

             

Series J 83/8% cumulative redeemable preferred stock, 1,000,000 shares authorized, 796,948 issued and outstanding with a liquidation value of $39,847

    43,569     43,733  

Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 511,990,000 shares authorized, 319,570,466 and 314,806,914 issued and outstanding, respectively

    32     31  

Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value, 10,000 shares authorized, 8,000 issued and outstanding

         

Capital in excess of par value

    9,465,862     9,384,450  

Accumulated deficit

    (4,341,316 )   (4,266,930 )

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (119,915 )   (252,686 )

Common stock held in treasury at cost, 5,346,843 and 5,394,345 shares, respectively

    (427,141 )   (437,134 )

Total stockholders' equity

    4,621,091     4,471,464  

Noncontrolling interests

    696,286     744,905  

Total equity

    5,317,377     5,216,369  

Total liabilities and equity

  $ 31,379,783   $ 30,565,182  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
  For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
  For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015   2016   2015  

REVENUE:

                         

Minimum rent

  $ 822,224   $ 768,138   $ 1,640,760   $ 1,521,583  

Overage rent

    31,250     37,029     60,167     75,986  

Tenant reimbursements

    367,062     364,309     738,676     704,479  

Management fees and other revenues

    34,478     40,027     67,878     75,106  

Other income

    60,366     139,607     144,614     188,191  

Total revenue

    1,315,380     1,349,110     2,652,095     2,565,345  

EXPENSES:

                         

Property operating

    104,756     99,841     207,817     199,598  

Depreciation and amortization

    303,585     295,778     604,199     583,883  

Real estate taxes

    107,505     106,487     216,929     213,374  

Repairs and maintenance

    22,842     22,676     48,907     52,410  

Advertising and promotion

    33,172     41,215     68,210     59,971  

Provision for credit losses

    4,944     2,685     8,608     6,533  

Home and regional office costs

    40,326     39,346     78,933     75,250  

General and administrative

    15,125     15,345     29,989     30,344  

Other

    23,889     23,352     44,366     42,426  

Total operating expenses

    656,144     646,725     1,307,958     1,263,789  

OPERATING INCOME

    659,236     702,385     1,344,137     1,301,556  

Interest expense

    (213,995 )   (230,974 )   (433,185 )   (463,147 )

Income and other taxes

    (7,115 )   (3,420 )   (22,301 )   (9,781 )

Income from unconsolidated entities

    84,990     70,196     175,616     135,068  

Gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net

    4,209     16,339     26,897     223,266  

CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME

    527,325     554,526     1,091,164     1,186,962  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    71,102     80,748     153,111     173,215  

Preferred dividends

    834     834     1,669     1,669  

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS

  $ 455,389   $ 472,944   $ 936,384   $ 1,012,078  

BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE:

                         

Net income attributable to common stockholders

  $ 1.45   $ 1.52   $ 3.01   $ 3.26  

Consolidated Net Income

  $ 527,325   $ 554,526   $ 1,091,164   $ 1,186,962  

Unrealized (loss) gain on derivative hedge agreements

    (320 )   9,240     (15,095 )   19,339  

Net loss (gain) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings

    3,199     (77,536 )   142,538     (74,909 )

Currency translation adjustments

    (3,492 )   (14,282 )   17,441     (138,793 )

Changes in available-for-sale securities and other

    171     (27,721 )   12,062     (22,084 )

Comprehensive income

    526,883     444,227     1,248,110     970,515  

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    72,858     65,193     177,285     142,302  

Comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders

  $ 454,025   $ 379,034   $ 1,070,825   $ 828,213  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

6


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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollars in thousands)

 
  For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

             

Consolidated Net Income

  $ 1,091,164   $ 1,186,962  

Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash provided by operating activities —

             

Depreciation and amortization

    642,646     615,249  

Gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net

    (26,897 )   (223,266 )

Gain on sale of marketable securities

        (80,187 )

Straight-line rent

    (25,866 )   (27,206 )

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities

    (175,616 )   (135,068 )

Distributions of income from unconsolidated entities

    163,679     120,918  

Changes in assets and liabilities —

             

Tenant receivables and accrued revenue, net

    58,992     70,426  

Deferred costs and other assets

    (16,846 )   (40,841 )

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, intangibles, deferred revenues and other liabilities

    (17,305 )   (3,681 )

Net cash provided by operating activities

    1,693,951     1,483,306  

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

             

Acquisitions

    (307,223 )   (1,231,381 )

Repayments of loans to related parties

    8,207      

Capital expenditures, net

    (383,460 )   (488,950 )

Cash impact from the consolidation of properties

    38,980      

Net proceeds from sale of assets

    36,433      

Investments in unconsolidated entities

    (172,802 )   (153,663 )

Purchase of marketable and non-marketable securities

    (4,636 )   (17,450 )

Proceeds from sale of marketable and non-marketable securities

        454,012  

Distributions of capital from unconsolidated entities and other

    303,659     583,626  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (480,842 )   (853,806 )

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

             

Proceeds from sales of common stock and other, net of transaction costs

    (164 )   (3,465 )

Purchase of shares related to stock grant recipients' tax withholdings

    (4,146 )    

Purchase of preferred stock, limited partner units and treasury stock

        (505,691 )

Distributions to noncontrolling interest holders in properties

    (5,251 )   (4,049 )

Contributions from noncontrolling interest holders in properties

    260     613  

Preferred distributions of the Operating Partnership

    (957 )   (958 )

Preferred dividends and distributions to stockholders

    (1,000,333 )   (902,815 )

Distributions to limited partners

    (159,242 )   (151,318 )

Proceeds from issuance of debt, net of transaction costs

    7,442,218     4,058,658  

Repayments of debt

    (7,302,347 )   (3,167,100 )

Net cash used in financing activities

    (1,029,962 )   (676,125 )

INCREASE/(DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

    183,147     (46,625 )

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period

    701,134     612,282  

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period

  $ 884,281   $ 565,657  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements

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Simon Property Group, L.P.
Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in thousands, except unit amounts)

 
  June 30,
2016
  December 31,
2015
 

ASSETS:

             

Investment properties at cost

  $ 34,332,270   $ 33,463,124  

Less — accumulated depreciation

    10,344,141     9,915,386  

    23,988,129     23,547,738  

Cash and cash equivalents

    884,281     701,134  

Tenant receivables and accrued revenue, net

    600,817     624,605  

Investment in unconsolidated entities, at equity

    2,690,821     2,481,574  

Investment in Klepierre, at equity

    1,878,751     1,943,363  

Deferred costs and other assets

    1,336,984     1,266,768  

Total assets

  $ 31,379,783   $ 30,565,182  

LIABILITIES:

             

Mortgages and unsecured indebtedness

  $ 22,923,941   $ 22,416,682  

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, intangibles, and deferred revenues

    1,209,518     1,323,801  

Cash distributions and losses in partnerships and joint ventures, at equity           

    1,402,230     1,368,544  

Other liabilities

    369,281     214,249  

Total liabilities

    25,904,970     25,323,276  

Commitments and contingencies

             

Preferred units, various series, at liquidation value, and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

   
157,436
   
25,537
 

EQUITY:

   
 
   
 
 

Partners' Equity

             

Preferred units, 796,948 units outstanding. Liquidation value of $39,847           

    43,569     43,733  

General Partner, 314,231,623 and 309,420,569 units outstanding, respectively

    4,577,522     4,427,731  

Limited Partners, 47,533,197 and 51,814,235 units outstanding, respectively

    692,433     741,449  

Total partners' equity

    5,313,524     5,212,913  

Nonredeemable noncontrolling interests in properties, net

    3,853     3,456  

Total equity

    5,317,377     5,216,369  

Total liabilities and equity

  $ 31,379,783   $ 30,565,182  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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Simon Property Group, L.P.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income
(Dollars in thousands, except per unit amounts)

 
  For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
  For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015   2016   2015  

REVENUE:

                         

Minimum rent

  $ 822,224   $ 768,138   $ 1,640,760   $ 1,521,583  

Overage rent

    31,250     37,029     60,167     75,986  

Tenant reimbursements

    367,062     364,309     738,676     704,479  

Management fees and other revenues

    34,478     40,027     67,878     75,106  

Other income

    60,366     139,607     144,614     188,191  

Total revenue

    1,315,380     1,349,110     2,652,095     2,565,345  

EXPENSES:

                         

Property operating

    104,756     99,841     207,817     199,598  

Depreciation and amortization

    303,585     295,778     604,199     583,883  

Real estate taxes

    107,505     106,487     216,929     213,374  

Repairs and maintenance

    22,842     22,676     48,907     52,410  

Advertising and promotion

    33,172     41,215     68,210     59,971  

Provision for credit losses

    4,944     2,685     8,608     6,533  

Home and regional office costs

    40,326     39,346     78,933     75,250  

General and administrative

    15,125     15,345     29,989     30,344  

Other

    23,889     23,352     44,366     42,426  

Total operating expenses

    656,144     646,725     1,307,958     1,263,789  

OPERATING INCOME

    659,236     702,385     1,344,137     1,301,556  

Interest expense

   
(213,995

)
 
(230,974

)
 
(433,185

)
 
(463,147

)

Income and other taxes

    (7,115 )   (3,420 )   (22,301 )   (9,781 )

Income from unconsolidated entities

    84,990     70,196     175,616     135,068  

Gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net

    4,209     16,339     26,897     223,266  

CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME

    527,325     554,526     1,091,164     1,186,962  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

   
565
   
609
   
1,294
   
1,298
 

Preferred unit requirements

    1,313     1,313     2,626     2,626  

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO UNITHOLDERS

  $ 525,447   $ 552,604   $ 1,087,244   $ 1,183,038  

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO UNITHOLDERS ATTRIBUTABLE TO:

                         

General Partner

  $ 455,389     472,944   $ 936,384   $ 1,012,078  

Limited Partners

    70,058     79,660     150,860     170,960  

Net income attributable to unitholders

  $ 525,447   $ 552,604   $ 1,087,244   $ 1,183,038  

BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS PER UNIT:

                         

Net income attributable to unitholders

  $ 1.45   $ 1.52   $ 3.01   $ 3.26  

Consolidated net income

  $ 527,325   $ 554,526   $ 1,091,164   $ 1,186,962  

Unrealized (loss) gain on derivative hedge agreements            

    (320 )   9,240     (15,095 )   19,339  

Net loss (gain) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings

    3,199     (77,536 )   142,538     (74,909 )

Currency translation adjustments

    (3,492 )   (14,282 )   17,441     (138,793 )

Changes in available-for-sale securities and other

    171     (27,721 )   12,062     (22,084 )

Comprehensive income

    526,883     444,227     1,248,110     970,515  

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    565     609     1,294     1,298  

Comprehensive income attributable to unitholders            

  $ 526,318   $ 443,618   $ 1,246,816   $ 969,217  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

9


Table of Contents

Simon Property Group, L.P.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollars in thousands)

 
  For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

             

Consolidated Net Income

  $ 1,091,164   $ 1,186,962  

Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash provided by operating activities —

             

Depreciation and amortization

    642,646     615,249  

Gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net

    (26,897 )   (223,266 )

Gain on sale of marketable securities

        (80,187 )

Straight-line rent

    (25,866 )   (27,206 )

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities

    (175,616 )   (135,068 )

Distributions of income from unconsolidated entities

    163,679     120,918  

Changes in assets and liabilities —

             

Tenant receivables and accrued revenue, net

    58,992     70,426  

Deferred costs and other assets

    (16,846 )   (40,841 )

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, intangibles, deferred revenues and other liabilities

    (17,305 )   (3,681 )

Net cash provided by operating activities

    1,693,951     1,483,306  

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

             

Acquisitions

    (307,223 )   (1,231,381 )

Repayments of loans to related parties

    8,207      

Capital expenditures, net

    (383,460 )   (488,950 )

Cash impact from the consolidation of properties

    38,980      

Net proceeds from sale of assets

    36,433      

Investments in unconsolidated entities

    (172,802 )   (153,663 )

Purchase of marketable and non-marketable securities

    (4,636 )   (17,450 )

Proceeds from sale of marketable and non-marketable securities

        454,012  

Distributions of capital from unconsolidated entities and other

    303,659     583,626  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (480,842 )   (853,806 )

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

             

Issuance of units and other

    (164 )   (3,465 )

Purchase of units related to stock grant recipients' tax withholdings

    (4,146 )    

Purchase of preferred stock, limited partner units and treasury stock

        (505,691 )

Distributions to noncontrolling interest holders in properties

    (5,251 )   (4,049 )

Contributions from noncontrolling interest holders in properties

    260     613  

Partnership distributions

    (1,160,532 )   (1,055,091 )

Mortgage and unsecured indebtedness proceeds, net of transaction costs

    7,442,218     4,058,658  

Mortgage and unsecured indebtedness principal payments

    (7,302,347 )   (3,167,100 )

Net cash used in financing activities

    (1,029,962 )   (676,125 )

INCREASE/(DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

    183,147     (46,625 )

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period

    701,134     612,282  

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period

  $ 884,281   $ 565,657  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

10


Table of Contents


Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

1. Organization

            Simon Property Group, Inc. is a Delaware corporation that operates as a self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust, or REIT, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. REITs will generally not be liable for federal corporate income taxes as long as they distribute not less than 100% of their REIT taxable income. Simon Property Group, L.P. is our majority-owned Delaware partnership subsidiary that owns all of our real estate properties and other assets. In these condensed notes to the consolidated financial statements, unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to "Simon" mean Simon Property Group, Inc. and references to the "Operating Partnership" mean Simon Property Group, L.P. References to "we," "us" and "our" mean collectively Simon, the Operating Partnership and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by Simon and/or the Operating Partnership. Unless otherwise indicated, these condensed notes to consolidated financial statements apply to both Simon and the Operating Partnership. According to the Operating Partnership's partnership agreement, the Operating Partnership is required to pay all expenses of Simon.

            We own, develop and manage retail real estate properties, which consist primarily of malls, Premium Outlets®, and The Mills®. As of June 30, 2016, we owned or held an interest in 207 income-producing properties in the United States, which consisted of 108 malls, 71 Premium Outlets, 14 Mills, four lifestyle centers, and 10 other retail properties in 37 states and Puerto Rico. Internationally, as of June 30, 2016, we had ownership interests in nine Premium Outlets in Japan, three Premium Outlets in South Korea, two Premium Outlets in Canada, one Premium Outlet in Mexico, and one Premium Outlet in Malaysia. We also own an interest in six Designer Outlet properties in Europe and one Designer Outlet property in Canada, of which two properties are consolidated. Of the six properties in Europe, two are located in Italy and one each is located in Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. As of June 30, 2016, we also owned a 20.3% equity stake in Klépierre SA, or Klépierre, a publicly traded, Paris-based real estate company which owns, or has an interest in, shopping centers located in 16 countries in Europe.

2. Basis of Presentation

            The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of all controlled subsidiaries, and all significant intercompany amounts have been eliminated. Due to the seasonal nature of certain operational activities, the results for the interim period ended June 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

            These consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and include all of the information and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) for interim reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all of the disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for fair presentation (including normal recurring accruals) have been included. The consolidated financial statements in this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the separate 2015 Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Simon and the Operating Partnership.

            As of June 30, 2016, we consolidated 134 wholly-owned properties and 15 additional properties that are less than wholly-owned, but which we control or for which we are the primary beneficiary. We account for the remaining 81 properties, or the joint venture properties, as well as our investments in Klépierre and HBS Global Properties, or HBS, using the equity method of accounting, as we have determined we have significant influence over their operations. We manage the day-to-day operations of 58 of the 81 joint venture properties, but have determined that our partner or partners have substantive participating rights with respect to the assets and operations of these joint venture properties. Our investments in joint ventures in Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Malaysia, Germany, Italy, Canada, and the United Kingdom comprise 19 of the remaining 23 properties. These international properties are managed by joint ventures in which we share control.

            Preferred distributions of the Operating Partnership are accrued at declaration and represent distributions on outstanding preferred units of partnership interests in the Operating Partnership, or preferred units, and are included in net income attributable to noncontrolling interests. We allocate net operating results of the Operating Partnership after preferred distributions to limited partners and to Simon based on the partners' respective weighted average ownership

11


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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

interests in the Operating Partnership. Net operating results of the Operating Partnership attributable to limited partners are reflected in net income attributable to noncontrolling interests. Simon's weighted average ownership interest in the Operating Partnership was 86.1% and 85.6% for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, Simon's ownership interest in the Operating Partnership was 86.9% and 85.7%, respectively. We adjust the noncontrolling limited partners' interests at the end of each period to reflect their interest in the net assets of the Operating Partnership.

            Preferred unit requirements in the Operating Partnership's accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income represent distributions on outstanding preferred units and are recorded when declared.

            We made certain reclassifications of prior period amounts in the consolidated financial statements to conform to the 2016 presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on previously reported net income attributable to common stockholders or unitholders or earnings per share or per unit.

3. Significant Accounting Policies

            We consider all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of 90 days or less to be cash and cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates fair value. Cash equivalents generally consist of commercial paper, bankers' acceptances, Eurodollars, repurchase agreements, and money market deposits or securities. Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk include our cash and cash equivalents and our trade accounts receivable. We place our cash and cash equivalents with institutions of high credit quality. However, at certain times, such cash and cash equivalents are in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and Securities Investor Protection Corporation insurance limits.

            Marketable securities consist primarily of the investments of our captive insurance subsidiaries, available-for-sale securities, our deferred compensation plan investments, and certain investments held to fund the debt service requirements of debt previously secured by investment properties. At June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had marketable securities of $203.8 million and $183.8 million, respectively, generally accounted for as available-for-sale, which are adjusted to their quoted market price with a corresponding adjustment in other comprehensive income (loss). Net unrealized gains as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were approximately $24.3 million and $12.6 million, respectively, and represent the valuation adjustments for our marketable securities.

            The types of securities included in the investment portfolio of our captive insurance subsidiaries typically include U.S. Treasury or other U.S. government securities as well as corporate debt securities with maturities ranging from less than 1 to 10 years. These securities are classified as available-for-sale and are valued based upon quoted market prices or other observable inputs when quoted market prices are not available. The amortized cost of debt securities, which approximates fair value, held by our captive insurance subsidiaries is adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts to maturity. Changes in the values of these securities are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until the gain or loss is realized or until any unrealized loss is deemed to be other-than-temporary. We review any declines in value of these securities for other-than-temporary impairment and consider the severity and duration of any decline in value. To the extent an other-than-temporary impairment is deemed to have occurred, an impairment charge is recorded and a new cost basis is established.

            Our insurance subsidiaries are required to maintain statutory minimum capital and surplus as well as maintain a minimum liquidity ratio. Therefore, our access to these securities may be limited. Our deferred compensation plan investments are classified as trading securities and are valued based upon quoted market prices. The investments have a matching liability as the amounts are fully payable to the employees that earned the compensation. Changes in value of

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Table of Contents


Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

these securities and changes to the matching liability to employees are both recognized in earnings and, as a result, there is no impact to consolidated net income.

            On June 24, 2015 we sold our investment in certain marketable securities that were accounted for as available-for-sale securities, with the value adjusted to their quoted market price through other comprehensive income (loss). At the date of sale, we owned 5.71 million shares. The aggregate proceeds received from the sale were $454.0 million, and we recognized a gain on the sale of $80.2 million, which is included in other income in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015.

            At June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had investments of $187.0 million and $181.4 million, respectively, in non-marketable securities that we account for under the cost method. We regularly evaluate these investments for any other-than-temporary impairment in their estimated fair value. No material adjustment in the carrying value was required for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016.

            Level 1 fair value inputs are quoted prices for identical items in active, liquid and visible markets such as stock exchanges. Level 2 fair value inputs are observable information for similar items in active or inactive markets, and appropriately consider counterparty creditworthiness in the valuations. Level 3 fair value inputs reflect our best estimate of inputs and assumptions market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability at the measurement date. The inputs are unobservable in the market and significant to the valuation estimate. We have no investments for which fair value is measured on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs.

            The marketable securities we held at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were primarily classified as having Level 1 fair value inputs. In addition, we had derivative instruments which were classified as having Level 2 inputs, which consist primarily of foreign currency forward contracts and interest rate swap agreements with a gross liability balance of $13.6 million at June 30, 2016 and a gross asset value of $26.7 million and $27.8 million at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

            Note 6 includes a discussion of the fair value of debt measured using Level 2 inputs. Notes 5 and 9 include discussions of the fair values recorded in purchase accounting using Level 2 and Level 3 inputs. Level 3 inputs to our purchase accounting and impairment analyses include our estimations of net operating results of the property, capitalization rates and discount rates.

            Details of the carrying amount of Simon's noncontrolling interests are as follows:

 
  As of
June 30,
2016
  As of
December 31,
2015
 

Limited partners' interests in the Operating Partnership

  $ 692,433   $ 741,449  

Nonredeemable noncontrolling interests in properties, net

    3,853     3,456  

Total noncontrolling interests reflected in equity

  $ 696,286   $ 744,905  

            Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (which includes nonredeemable and redeemable noncontrolling interests in consolidated properties, limited partners' interests in the Operating Partnership and preferred distributions payable by the Operating Partnership on its outstanding preferred units) is a component of consolidated net income. In addition, the individual components of other comprehensive income (loss) are presented in the aggregate for both

13


Table of Contents


Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

controlling and noncontrolling interests, with the portion attributable to noncontrolling interests deducted from comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders.

            A rollforward of noncontrolling interests reflected in equity is as follows:

 
  For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
  For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015   2016   2015  

Noncontrolling interests, beginning of period

  $ 771,957   $ 858,611   $ 744,905   $ 858,328  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests after preferred distributions and income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests in consolidated properties

    70,739     80,269     152,198     172,257  

Distributions to noncontrolling interest holders

    (76,716 )   (78,488 )   (160,444 )   (153,398 )

Other comprehensive income (loss) allocable to noncontrolling interests:

                         

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative hedge agreements

    381     1,380     (1,722 )   2,861  

Net (gain) loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings

    (1,417 )   (11,126 )   18,729     (10,745 )

Currency translation adjustments

    3,087     (1,667 )   5,783     (19,665 )

Changes in available-for-sale securities and other

    (295 )   (4,141 )   1,385     (3,364 )

    1,756     (15,554 )   24,175     (30,913 )

Adjustment to limited partners' interest from change in ownership in the Operating Partnership

    (13,822 )   (75,905 )   (18,965 )   (81,503 )

Units exchanged for common shares

    (69,989 )   (56 )   (70,005 )   (7,905 )

Units redeemed

        (14,843 )       (14,843 )

Long-term incentive performance units

    12,101     11,812     24,162     23,640  

Contributions by noncontrolling interests, net, and other

    260     415     260     598  

Noncontrolling interests, end of period

  $ 696,286   $ 766,261   $ 696,286   $ 766,261  

            Our evaluation of the appropriateness of classifying the Operating Partnership's common units of partnership interest, or units, held by Simon and the Operating Partnership's limited partners within permanent equity considered several significant factors. First, as a limited partnership, all decisions relating to the Operating Partnership's operations and distributions are made by Simon, acting as the Operating Partnership's sole general partner. The decisions of the general partner are made by Simon's Board of Directors or management. The Operating Partnership has no other governance structure. Secondly, the sole asset of Simon is its interest in the Operating Partnership. As a result, a share of common stock of Simon, or common stock, if owned by the Operating Partnership, is best characterized as being similar to a treasury share and thus not an asset of the Operating Partnership.

            Limited partners of the Operating Partnership have the right under the Operating Partnership's partnership agreement to exchange their units for shares of common stock or cash, as selected by Simon as the sole general partner. Accordingly, we classify units held by limited partners in permanent equity because Simon may elect to issue shares of common stock to limited partners exercising their exchange rights rather than using cash. Under the Operating Partnership's partnership agreement, the Operating Partnership is required to redeem units held by Simon only when Simon has repurchased shares of common stock. We classify units held by Simon in permanent equity because the decision to redeem those units would be made by Simon.

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Table of Contents


Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

            Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (which includes nonredeemable and redeemable noncontrolling interests in consolidated properties) is a component of consolidated net income. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, no individual components of other comprehensive income (loss) were attributable to noncontrolling nonredeemable interests (deficit) in properties.

            A rollforward of noncontrolling interests reflected in equity is as follows:

 
  For the
Three Months
Ended June 30,
  For the
Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015   2016   2015  

Noncontrolling nonredeemable interests (deficit) in properties, net — beginning of period

  $ 3,459   $ (728 ) $ 3,456   $ (229 )

Net income attributable to noncontrolling nonredeemable interests

    682     608     1,339     1,298  

Distributions to noncontrolling nonredeemable interestholders

    (548 )   (708 )   (1,202 )   (2,080 )

Purchase and disposition of noncontrolling interests, net, and other

    260     417     260     600  

Noncontrolling nonredeemable interests (deficit) in properties, net — end of period

  $ 3,853   $ (411 ) $ 3,853   $ (411 )

            The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) net of noncontrolling interest by component consisted of the following as of June 30, 2016:

 
  Currency
translation
adjustments
  Accumulated
derivative
losses, net
  Net unrealized
gains on
marketable
securities
  Total  

Beginning balance

  $ (248,285 ) $ (15,161 ) $ 10,760   $ (252,686 )

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

    11,658     (13,001 )   10,305     8,962  

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

    118,830     4,979         123,809  

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)

    130,488     (8,022 )   10,305     132,771  

Ending balance

  $ (117,797 ) $ (23,183 ) $ 21,065   $ (119,915 )

15


Table of Contents


Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

            The reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of the following during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015:

 
  June 30, 2016   June 30, 2015    
Details about accumulated other
comprehensive income (loss)
components:
  Amount reclassified
from accumulated
other comprehensive
income (loss)
  Amount reclassified
from accumulated
other comprehensive
income (loss)
  Affected line item where net
income is presented

Currency translation adjustments

  $ (136,806 ) $   Gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net

    17,976       Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

  $ (118,830 ) $    

Accumulated derivative losses, net

  $ (6,104 ) $ (5,278 ) Interest expense

    372       Gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net

    753     757   Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

  $ (4,979 ) $ (4,521 )  

Realized gain on sale of marketable securities

  $   $ 80,187   Other income

        (11,502 ) Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

  $   $ 68,685    

16


Table of Contents


Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

            The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by component consisted of the following as of June 30, 2016:

 
  Currency
translation
adjustments
  Accumulated
derivative
losses, net
  Net unrealized
gains on
marketable
securities
  Total  

Beginning balance

  $ (289,866 ) $ (17,704 ) $ 12,563   $ (295,007 )

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

    17,441     (14,723 )   11,690     14,408  

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

   
136,806
   
5,732
   
   
142,538
 

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)

    154,247     (8,991 )   11,690     156,946  

Ending balance

  $ (135,619 ) $ (26,695 ) $ 24,253   $ (138,061 )

            The reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of the following during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015:

 
  June 30, 2016   June 30, 2015    
Details about accumulated other
comprehensive income (loss)
components:
  Amount reclassified
from accumulated
other comprehensive
income (loss)
  Amount reclassified
from accumulated
other comprehensive
income (loss)
  Affected line item where
net income is presented

Currency translation adjustments

  $ (136,806 ) $   Gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net

  $ (136,806 ) $    

Accumulated derivative losses, net

  $ (6,104 ) $ (5,278 ) Interest expense

    372       Gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net

  $ (5,732 ) $ (5,278 )  

Realized gain on sale of marketable securities           

  $   $ 80,187   Other income

  $   $ 80,187    

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Table of Contents


Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

Derivative Financial Instruments

            We record all derivatives on our consolidated balance sheets at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of derivatives depends on the intended use of the derivative, whether we have designated a derivative as a hedge and whether the hedging relationship has satisfied the criteria necessary to apply hedge accounting. We may use a variety of derivative financial instruments in the normal course of business to selectively manage or hedge a portion of the risks associated with our indebtedness and interest payments. Our objectives in using interest rate derivatives are to add stability to interest expense and to manage our exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish this objective, we primarily use interest rate swaps and caps. We require that hedging derivative instruments be highly effective in reducing the risk exposure that they are designated to hedge. As a result, there is no significant ineffectiveness from any of our derivative activities. We formally designate any instrument that meets these hedging criteria as a hedge at the inception of the derivative contract. We have no credit-risk-related hedging or derivative activities.

            As of June 30, 2016, we had the following outstanding interest rate derivatives:

Interest Rate Derivative
  Number of
Instruments
  Notional
Amount
 

Interest Rate Swaps

  3   $ 750.0 million  

Interest Rate Caps

  1   $ 52.0 million  

            The carrying value of our interest rate swap agreements, at fair value, as of June 30, 2016, is a net liability balance of $10.3 million, of which $10.8 million is included in other liabilities and $0.5 million is included in deferred costs and other assets. The interest rate cap agreement was of nominal value as of June 30, 2016 and we generally do not apply hedge accounting to these arrangements. As of December 31, 2015, we had no outstanding interest rate derivatives.

            We are also exposed to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates on financial instruments which are denominated in foreign currencies, primarily in Japan and Europe. We use currency forward contracts and foreign currency denominated debt to manage our exposure to changes in foreign exchange rates on certain Yen and Euro-denominated receivables and net investments. Currency forward contracts involve fixing the Yen:USD or Euro:USD exchange rate for delivery of a specified amount of foreign currency on a specified date. The currency forward contracts are typically cash settled in U.S. dollars for their fair value at or close to their settlement date.

            We had the following Euro:USD forward contracts at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in millions):

 
   
  Asset/(Liability) Value as of  
Notional Value
  Maturity Date   June 30,
2016
  December 31,
2015
 

€50.00

  August 12, 2016   $ 12.2   $ 13.0  

€50.00

  August 11, 2017   $ 12.4   $ 13.0  

€50.00

  May 15, 2019   $ 1.5   $ 1.8  

€50.00

  May 15, 2019   $ (0.9 )    

€50.00

  May 15, 2020   $ (0.8 )    

€50.00

  May 14, 2021   $ (1.0 )    

            Asset balances in the above table are included in deferred costs and other assets and liability balances are recorded in other liabilities within the consolidated financial statements. We have designated the above as net investment hedges. Accordingly, we report the changes in fair value in other comprehensive income (loss). Changes in the value of these forward contracts are offset by changes in the underlying hedged Euro-denominated joint venture investment.

            The total gross accumulated loss related to our derivative activities, including our share of the other comprehensive loss from joint venture properties, approximated $26.7 million and $17.7 million as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

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Table of Contents


Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

New Accounting Pronouncements

            In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, "Revenue From Contracts With Customers." ASU 2014-09 amends the existing accounting standards for revenue recognition and is based on principles that govern the recognition of revenue at an amount an entity expects to be entitled when products are transferred to customers. In July 2015, the FASB delayed the effective date of the new revenue recognition standard by one year, which will result in the new standard being effective for us beginning with the first quarter of 2018. The new standard can be adopted either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or as a cumulative effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. We are currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the new accounting standard will have on our consolidated financial statements.

            In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, "Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis." ASU 2015-02 makes changes to both the variable interest model and the voting model. We adopted this standard as required on January 1, 2016. All reporting entities involved with limited partnerships and similar entities were required to re-evaluate whether these entities, including the Operating Partnership, are subject to the variable interest model or the voting model and whether they qualify for consolidation. The adoption of this new standard did not result in any material changes to our consolidated financial statements or disclosures, including the disclosures related to the Operating Partnership.

            In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, "Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs." ASU 2015-03 requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. We adopted this standard as required on January 1, 2016, resulting in a reclassification of $85.5 million from deferred costs and other assets to a reduction of the carrying amount of mortgages and other unsecured indebtedness.

            In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-16, "Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments," which requires adjustments to provisional amounts used in business combinations during the measurement period to be recognized in the reporting period in which the adjustment amounts are determined. It also requires the disclosure of the impact on changes in estimates on earnings, depreciation, amortization and other income effects. We adopted this standard as required on January 1, 2016. The adoption of this standard did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

            In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, "Financial Instruments — Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities," which will require entities to measure their equity investments at fair value and recognize any changes in fair value in net income unless the investments qualify for the new practicability exception. The practicability exception will be available for equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values. The guidance will be effective for us beginning with the first quarter of 2018. We are currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the new standard will have on our consolidated financial statements.

            In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases," which is expected to result in lessees recognizing most leased assets on the balance sheet. Lessor accounting will remain substantially similar to the current accounting; however, certain refinements were made to conform the standard with the recently issued revenue recognition guidance in ASU 2014-09. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for us retrospectively for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. We are currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the new standard will have on our consolidated financial statements.

            In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-07, "Investments — Equity Method and Joint Ventures," eliminating the requirement for retrospective application of equity method accounting when an investment previously accounted for by another method initially qualifies for the equity method. This standard will be effective for us retrospectively for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016. We do not expect that the adoption of this new standard will have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

            In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, "Financial Instruments — Credit Losses," which introduces new guidance for an approach based on expected losses to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments. It also modifies the impairment model for available-for-sale debt securities and provides for a simplified accounting model for

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

purchased financial assets with credit deterioration since their origination. Instruments in scope include loans, held-to-maturity debt securities, and net investments in leases as well as reinsurance and trade receivables. This standard will be effective for us in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the new standard will have on our consolidated financial statements.

4. Per Share and Per Unit Data

            We determine basic earnings per share and basic earnings per unit based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock or units, as applicable, outstanding during the period and we consider any participating securities for purposes of applying the two-class method. We determine diluted earnings per share and diluted earnings per unit based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock or units, as applicable, outstanding combined with the incremental weighted average number of shares or units, as applicable, that would have been outstanding assuming all potentially dilutive securities were converted into shares of common stock or units, as applicable, at the earliest date possible. The following tables set forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share and basic and diluted earnings per unit.

Simon

 
  For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
  For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015   2016   2015  

Net Income attributable to Common Stockholders — Basic and Diluted

  $ 455,389   $ 472,944   $ 936,384   $ 1,012,078  

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding — Basic and Diluted

    313,399,467     310,498,911     311,407,955     310,798,814  

            For the six months ended June 30, 2016, potentially dilutive securities include units that are exchangeable for common stock and long-term incentive performance units, or LTIP units, granted under our long-term incentive performance programs that are convertible into units and exchangeable for common stock. No securities had a material dilutive effect for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015. We have not adjusted net income attributable to common stockholders and weighted average shares outstanding for income allocable to limited partners or limited partner units, respectively, as doing so would have no dilutive impact. We accrue dividends when they are declared.

The Operating Partnership

 
  For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
  For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015   2016   2015  

Net Income attributable to Unitholders — Basic and Diluted

  $ 525,447   $ 552,604   $ 1,087,244   $ 1,183,038  

Weighted Average Units Outstanding — Basic and Diluted

    361,761,991     362,762,067     361,578,379     363,270,587  

            For the six months ended June 30, 2016, potentially dilutive securities include LTIP units. No securities had a material dilutive effect for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015. We accrue distributions when they are declared.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

5. Investment in Unconsolidated Entities

            Joint ventures are common in the real estate industry. We use joint ventures to finance properties, develop new properties and diversify our risk in a particular property or portfolio of properties. As discussed in Note 2, we held joint venture interests in 81 properties as of June 30, 2016.

            Certain of our joint venture properties are subject to various rights of first refusal, buy-sell provisions, put and call rights, or other sale or marketing rights for partners which are customary in real estate joint venture agreements and the industry. We and our partners in these joint ventures may initiate these provisions (subject to any applicable lock up or similar restrictions), which may result in either the sale of our interest or the use of available cash or borrowings, or the use of limited partnership interests in the Operating Partnership, to acquire the joint venture interest from our partner.

            We may provide financing to joint ventures primarily in the form of interest bearing construction loans. As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had construction loans and other advances to related parties totaling $13.3 million and $13.9 million, respectively, which are included in deferred costs and other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

            On April 14, 2016, we and a joint venture partner completed the acquisition of The Shops at Crystals, a 262,000 square foot luxury shopping center on the Las Vegas Strip, for $1.1 billion. The transaction was funded with a combination of cash on hand, cash from our partner, and a $550.0 million 3.74% fixed-rate mortgage financing that will mature on July 1, 2026. We have a 50% noncontrolling interest in this joint venture and will manage the day-to-day operations. Substantially all the difference between the cost of our investment and our share of the underlying equity of the property has been determined to relate to investment property based on estimated fair values at the acquisition date. The purchase price valuation is preliminary and subject to revision within the measurement period, not to exceed one year from the acquisition date.

            On April 5, 2016, Quaker Bridge Mall, in which we own a 50% noncontrolling interest, completed a $180.0 million mortgage financing with a fixed interest rate of 4.50% that matures on May 1, 2026. Proceeds of approximately $180.0 million from the financing were distributed to the joint venture partners in April 2016.

            On July 22, 2015, we closed on our previously announced transaction with Hudson's Bay Company, or HBC, to which HBC contributed 42 properties in the U.S. and we committed to contribute $100.0 million for improvements to the properties contributed by HBC in exchange for a noncontrolling interest in the newly formed entity, HBS. As of June 30, 2016, we have funded $8.8 million of this commitment. On September 30, 2015, HBC announced it had closed on the acquisition of Galeria Holding, the parent company of Germany's leading department store, Kaufhof. In conjunction with the closing, HBS acquired 41 Kaufhof properties in Germany from HBC. All of these properties have been leased to affiliates of HBC. We contributed an additional $178.5 million to HBS upon closing of the Galeria Holding transaction. Our noncontrolling equity interest in HBS is approximately 9.3% at June 30, 2016. Our share of net income, net of amortization of our excess investment, was $6.8 million and $7.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively. Total assets and total liabilities of HBS as of June 30, 2016 were $4.4 billion and $2.9 billion, respectively, and total revenues, operating income and consolidated net income were approximately $175.8 million, $133.9 million, and $87.4 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2016.

            On April 13, 2015, we announced a joint venture with Sears Holdings, or Sears, whereby Sears contributed 10 of its properties located at our malls to the joint venture in exchange for a 50% noncontrolling interest in the joint venture. We contributed $114.0 million in cash in exchange for a 50% noncontrolling interest in the joint venture. Sears or its affiliates are leasing back each of the 10 properties from the joint venture. The joint venture has the right to recapture not less than 50% of the space leased to Sears to be used for purposes of redeveloping and releasing the recaptured space. We will provide development, leasing and management services to the joint venture for any recaptured space. On July 7, 2015, we separately invested approximately $33.0 million in exchange for 1,125,760 common shares of Seritage Growth Properties,

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

or Seritage, a public REIT formed by Sears, which we account for as an available-for-sale security. Seritage now holds Sears' interest in the joint venture.

            At June 30, 2016, we owned 63,924,148 shares, or approximately 20.3%, of Klépierre, which had a quoted market price of $44.34 per share. On July 29, 2014, Klépierre announced that it had entered into a conditional agreement to acquire Corio N.V., or Corio, pursuant to which Corio shareholders received 1.14 Klépierre ordinary shares for each Corio ordinary share. On January 15, 2015, the tender offer transaction closed and the merger was completed on March 31, 2015, reducing our ownership from 28.9% at December 31, 2014 to 18.3% resulting in a non-cash gain of $206.9 million for the first quarter of 2015 as if we had sold a proportionate share of our investment. On May 11, 2015, we purchased 6,290,000 additional shares of Klépierre for $279.4 million bringing our ownership to 20.3%. All of the excess investment related to this additional purchase has been determined to relate to investment property. Our share of net income, net of amortization of our excess investment, was $5.6 million and $3.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $18.7 million and $9.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Based on applicable Euro:USD exchange rates and after our conversion of Klépierre's results to GAAP, Klépierre's total revenues, operating income and consolidated net income were approximately $730.8 million, $232.1 million and $131.3 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and $740.3 million, $277.6 million and $96.9 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2015.

            We have an interest in a European entity that had interests in six Designer Outlet properties as of December 31, 2015. In addition, we have a noncontrolling interest in a European property management and development company. As of March 31, 2016, our legal percentage ownership interests in these entities ranged from 45% to 90%. We obtained control of the entity requiring a remeasurement of our previously held equity interest to fair value and a corresponding non-cash gain of $12.1 million in earnings during the first quarter of 2016, which includes amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) related to the currency translation adjustment previously recorded on our investment. The gain is included in gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. As a result of the change in control, we now consolidate two of the six outlet properties. The consolidation required us to recognize the entity's identifiable assets and liabilities at fair value in our consolidated financial statements along with the related redeemable noncontrolling interest representing our partners' share. The fair value of the consolidated assets and liabilities relates primarily to investment property, investments in unconsolidated entities and assumed mortgage debt. Due to certain redemption rights held by our venture partner, the noncontrolling interest is presented on the accompanying Simon consolidated balance sheet outside of equity in limited partners' preferred interest in the Operating Partnership and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties and in the accompanying Operating Partnership consolidated balance sheet in preferred units, various series, at liquidation value, and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties. In February 2016, we and our partner, through this European entity, acquired a noncontrolling 75.0% ownership interest in an outlet center in Ochtrup, Germany for cash consideration of approximately $38.3 million. On July 25, 2016, this European entity also acquired the remaining 33% interest in outlet centers in Naples, Italy and Venice, Italy as well as the remaining interests in related expansion projects and working capital for cash consideration of approximately €145.5 million. This will result in the consolidation of these two properties on the acquisition date and will be accounted for as a step acquisition, requiring a remeasurement of our previously held equity interest to fair value and the recognition of a non-cash gain in earnings during the third quarter of 2016.

            We also have minority interests in Value Retail PLC and affiliated entities, which own or have interests in and operate nine luxury outlets located throughout Europe and we have a direct minority ownership in three of those outlets. Our investment in these entities is accounted for under the cost method. At both June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the carrying value of these non-marketable investments was $115.4 million and is included in deferred costs and other assets.

            On March 19, 2015, we disposed of our interest in a joint venture which had held interests in rights to pre-development projects in Europe, for total proceeds of $19.0 million. We recognized a gain on the sale of $8.3 million, which is included in other income in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

            We conduct our international Premium Outlet operations in Japan through a joint venture with Mitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd. We have a 40% ownership interest in this joint venture. The carrying amount of our investment in this joint venture was $245.9 million and $224.6 million as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, including all related components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). We conduct our international Premium Outlet operations in South Korea through a joint venture with Shinsegae International Co. We have a 50% ownership interest in this joint venture. The carrying amount of our investment in this joint venture was $122.8 million and $117.0 million as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, including all related components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).

Summary Financial Information

            A summary of our equity method investments and share of income from such investments, excluding Klépierre and HBS, follows.

BALANCE SHEETS

 
  June 30,
2016
  December 31,
2015
 

Assets:

             

Investment properties, at cost

  $ 17,928,316   $ 17,186,884  

Less — accumulated depreciation

    5,915,080     5,780,261  

    12,013,236     11,406,623  

Cash and cash equivalents

    745,868     818,805  

Tenant receivables and accrued revenue, net

    331,377     354,133  

Deferred costs and other assets

    336,854     482,024  

Total assets

  $ 13,427,335   $ 13,061,585  

Liabilities and Partners' Deficit:

             

Mortgages

  $ 14,272,584   $ 13,827,215  

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, intangibles, and deferred revenue

    759,250     985,159  

Other liabilities

    441,536     468,005  

Total liabilities

    15,473,370     15,280,379  

Preferred units

   
67,450
   
67,450
 

Partners' deficit

    (2,113,485 )   (2,286,244 )

Total liabilities and partners' deficit

  $ 13,427,335   $ 13,061,585  

Our Share of:

             

Partners' deficit

  $ (914,222 ) $ (854,562 )

Add: Excess Investment

    2,015,542     1,788,749  

Our net Investment in unconsolidated entities, at equity

  $ 1,101,320   $ 934,187  

            "Excess Investment" represents the unamortized difference of our investment over our share of the equity in the underlying net assets of the joint ventures or other investments acquired and is allocated on a fair value basis primarily to investment property, lease related intangibles, and debt premiums and discounts. We amortize excess investment over the life of the related depreciable components of investment property, typically no greater than 40 years, the terms of the applicable leases and the applicable debt maturity, respectively. The amortization is included in the reported amount of income from unconsolidated entities.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

 
  For the Three
Months Ended
June 30,
  For the Six
Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
  2016   2015   2016   2015  

REVENUE:

                         

Minimum rent

  $ 458,267   $ 443,485   $ 897,114   $ 877,266  

Overage rent

    46,903     41,342     96,527     92,522  

Tenant reimbursements

    212,265     199,142     423,206     393,629  

Other income

    54,806     61,545     113,486     115,539  

Total revenue

    772,241     745,514     1,530,333     1,478,956  

OPERATING EXPENSES:

                         

Property operating

    131,413     132,257     262,494     263,061  

Depreciation and amortization

    149,721     148,607     281,200     290,265  

Real estate taxes

    59,429     56,477     120,938     115,051  

Repairs and maintenance

    18,480     17,086     38,234     37,447  

Advertising and promotion

    20,777     17,388     43,306     34,090  

Provision for credit losses

    2,885     1,296     5,574     3,149  

Other

    43,625     38,924     88,679     83,351  

Total operating expenses

    426,330     412,035     840,425     826,414  

Operating Income

    345,911     333,479     689,908     652,542  

Interest expense

   
(151,022

)
 
(149,041

)
 
(294,781

)
 
(296,062

)

Gain on sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities

   
6,049
   
35,779
   
60,522
   
35,779
 

Net Income

  $ 200,938   $ 220,217   $ 455,649   $ 392,259  

Third-Party Investors' Share of Net Income

  $ 100,391   $ 112,763   $ 219,200   $ 201,877  

Our Share of Net Income

    100,547     107,454     236,449     190,382  

Amortization of Excess Investment

    (25,558 )   (24,387 )   (48,770 )   (48,541 )

Our Share of Gain on Sale or Disposal of Assets and Interests in Unconsolidated Entities, net

    (2,487 )   (16,339 )   (2,487 )   (16,339 )

Our Share of Gain on Sale or Disposal of Assets and Interests Included in Other Income in the Consolidated Financial Statements

            (36,153 )    

Income from Unconsolidated Entities

  $ 72,502   $ 66,728   $ 149,039   $ 125,502  

            Our share of income from unconsolidated entities in the above table, aggregated with our share of the results of Klépierre and HBS, is presented in income from unconsolidated entities in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. Unless otherwise noted, our share of the gain on sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net is reflected within gain upon acquisition of controlling interests, sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

6. Debt

            At June 30, 2016, our unsecured debt consisted of $15.3 billion of senior unsecured notes of the Operating Partnership, net of discounts, $216.6 million outstanding under the Operating Partnership's $4.0 billion unsecured revolving credit facility, or Credit Facility, $125.0 million outstanding under the Operating Partnership's $3.5 billion supplemental unsecured revolving credit facility, or Supplemental Facility, and together with the Credit Facility, the Credit Facilities, and $910.4 million outstanding under the Operating Partnership's global unsecured commercial paper note program, or the Commercial Paper program. The June 30, 2016 balance on the Credit Facility included $216.6 million (U.S. dollar equivalent) of Yen-denominated borrowings. Foreign currency denominated borrowings under the Credit Facility are designated as net investment hedges of a portion of our international investments.

            On June 30, 2016, we had an aggregate available borrowing capacity of $6.2 billion under the Credit Facility and Supplemental Facility. The maximum aggregate outstanding balance under the Credit Facilities during the six months ended June 30, 2016 was $1.5 billion and the weighted average outstanding balance was $715.8 million. Letters of credit of $6.8 million were outstanding under the Credit Facilities as of June 30, 2016.

            The Credit Facility's initial borrowing capacity of $4.0 billion may be increased to $5.0 billion during its term and provides for borrowings denominated in U.S. dollars, Euros, Yen, Sterling, Canadian dollars and Australian dollars. Borrowings in currencies other than the U.S. dollar are limited to 75% of the maximum revolving credit amount, as defined. The initial maturity date of the Credit Facility is June 30, 2018 and can be extended for an additional year to June 30, 2019 at our sole option, subject to our continued compliance with the terms thereof. The base interest rate on the Credit Facility is LIBOR plus 80 basis points with an additional facility fee of 10 basis points.

            On April 6, 2016, the Operating Partnership amended the Supplemental Facility to, among other matters, (i) exercise its $750.0 million accordion feature such that the Supplemental Facility's borrowing capacity has been increased from $2.75 billion to $3.50 billion and (ii) add a new $750.0 million accordian feature to permit us to further increase the Supplemental Facility's borrowing capacity to $4.25 billion during its term. The initial maturity date of the Supplemental Facility is June 30, 2019 and can be extended for an additional year to June 30, 2020 at our sole option, subject to our continued compliance with the terms thereof. The base interest rate on the Supplemental Facility is LIBOR plus 80 basis points with an additional facility fee of 10 basis points. The Supplemental Facility provides for borrowings denominated in U.S. dollars, Euro, Yen, Sterling, Canadian dollars and Australian dollars.

            The maximum aggregate program size of the Commercial Paper program is $1.0 billion, or the non-U.S. dollar equivalent thereof. The Operating Partnership may issue unsecured commercial paper notes, denominated in U.S. dollars, Euros and other currencies. Notes issued in non-U.S. currencies may be issued by one or more subsidiaries of the Operating Partnership and are guaranteed by the Operating Partnership. Notes will be sold under customary terms in the U.S. and Euro commercial paper note markets and will rank (either by themselves or as a result of the guarantee described above) pari passu with the Operating Partnership's other unsecured senior indebtedness. The Commercial Paper program is supported by the Credit Facility and the Supplemental Facility and if necessary or appropriate, we may make one or more draws under either the Credit Facility or the Supplemental Facility to pay amounts outstanding from time to time on the Commercial Paper program. On June 30, 2016, we had $910.4 million outstanding under the Commercial Paper program fully comprised of U.S. dollar denominated notes with a weighted average interest rate of 0.55%. The borrowings mature on various dates from July 1, 2016 to September 22, 2016 and reduce amounts otherwise available under the Credit Facilities.

            On January 13, 2016, the Operating Partnership issued $550.0 million of senior unsecured notes at a fixed interest rate of 2.50% with a maturity date of July 15, 2021 and $800.0 million of senior unsecured notes at a fixed interest rate of 3.30% with a maturity date of January 15, 2026. Proceeds from the unsecured notes offering were used to pay down the Credit Facility, unencumber three properties and redeem senior unsecured notes at par in February 2016.

            On May 13, 2016, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership issued €500 million ($566.7 million U.S. dollar equivalent) of senior unsecured notes at a fixed interest rate of 1.25% with a maturity date of May 13, 2025. Proceeds from the unsecured notes offering were used to pay down the Euro-denominated borrowings on the Credit Facilities and

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

to repay at maturity the Euro-denominated borrowings under the Commercial Paper program, and for general corporate purposes.

            During the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Operating Partnership redeemed at par $163.3 million of senior unsecured notes with a fixed interest rate of 6.10%.

            Total mortgage indebtedness was $6.4 billion and $6.6 billion at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

            During the six months ended June 30, 2016, we repaid $546.8 million in mortgage loans, with a weighted average interest rate of 7.31%, unencumbering four properties.

            On January 1, 2016, as discussed in Note 5, we consolidated the European entity that held our interests in six Designer Outlet properties, as we obtained control of the entity. This resulted in the consolidation of two of the six operating properties — Parndorf Designer Outlet and Roermond Designer Outlet, subject to existing fixed rate mortgage loans of $102.4 million and $200.3 million, respectively (both amounts U.S. dollar equivalent). The loans mature on May 20, 2022 and December 1, 2021 and bear interest at 1.95% and 1.86%, respectively.

            Our unsecured debt agreements contain financial and other non-financial covenants. If we fail to comply with these covenants, after the expiration of the applicable cure periods, the debt maturity could be accelerated or other remedies could be sought by the lender, including adjustments to the applicable interest rate. As of June 30, 2016, we were in compliance with all covenants of our unsecured debt.

            At June 30, 2016, we are the borrowers under 44 non-recourse mortgage notes secured by mortgages on 47 properties, including two separate pools of cross-defaulted and cross-collateralized mortgages encumbering a total of five properties. Under these cross-default provisions, a default under any mortgage included in the cross-defaulted pool may constitute a default under all mortgages within that pool and may lead to acceleration of the indebtedness due on each property within the pool. Certain of our secured debt instruments contain financial and other non-financial covenants which are specific to the properties that serve as collateral for that debt. If the applicable borrower under these non-recourse mortgage notes fails to comply with these covenants, the lender could accelerate the debt and enforce its right against their collateral. At June 30, 2016, the applicable borrowers under these non-recourse mortgage notes were in compliance with all covenants where non-compliance could individually, or giving effect to applicable cross-default provisions in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

            The carrying values of our variable-rate mortgages and other loans approximate their fair values. We estimate the fair values of consolidated fixed-rate mortgages using cash flows discounted at current borrowing rates and other indebtedness using cash flows discounted at current market rates. We estimate the fair values of consolidated fixed-rate unsecured notes using quoted market prices, or, if no quoted market prices are available, we use quoted market prices for securities with similar terms and maturities. The book value of our consolidated fixed-rate mortgages and unsecured indebtedness including commercial paper was $22.2 billion and $20.4 billion as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

The fair values of these financial instruments and the related discount rate assumptions as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are summarized as follows:

 
  June 30,
2016
  December 31,
2015
 

Fair value of fixed-rate mortgages and unsecured indebtedness

  $ 23,813   $ 21,331  

Weighted average discount rates assumed in calculation of fair value for fixed-rate mortgages

    3.31 %   3.46 %

Weighted average discount rates assumed in calculation of fair value for unsecured indebtedness

    3.24 %   3.59 %

7. Equity

            During the six months ended June 30, 2016, Simon issued 4,763,817 shares of common stock to nine limited partners of the Operating Partnership in exchange for an equal number of units pursuant to the partnership agreement of the Operating Partnership. This transaction increased Simon's ownership interest in the Operating Partnership.

            On April 2, 2015, Simon's Board of Directors authorized Simon to repurchase up to $2.0 billion of common stock over a twenty-four month period as market conditions warrant. Simon may repurchase the shares in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. During the six months ended June 30, 2016, no purchases were made as part of this program. As Simon repurchases shares under this program, the Operating Partnership repurchases an equal number of units from Simon.

            We classify as temporary equity those securities for which there is the possibility that we could be required to redeem the security for cash irrespective of the probability of such a possibility. As a result, we classify one series of preferred units of the Operating Partnership and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties in temporary equity. Each of these securities is discussed further below.

            Limited Partners' Preferred Interest in the Operating Partnership and Noncontrolling Redeemable Interests in Properties.    The redemption features of the preferred units of the Operating Partnership contain provisions which could require us to settle the redemption in cash. As a result, this series of preferred units in the Operating Partnership remains classified outside permanent equity. The remaining interests in a property or portfolio of properties that are redeemable at the option of the holder or in circumstances that may be outside our control are accounted for as temporary equity within limited partners' preferred interest in the Operating Partnership and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The carrying amount of the noncontrolling interest is adjusted to the redemption amount assuming the instrument is redeemable at the balance sheet date. Changes in the redemption value of the underlying noncontrolling interest are recorded within accumulated deficit. There are no noncontrolling interests

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

redeemable at amounts in excess of fair value. The preferred units of the Operating Partnership and the amount of the noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties are summarized as follows:

 
  As of
June 30,
2016
  As of
December 31,
2015
 

7.50% Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Units, 260,000 units authorized, 255,373 issued and outstanding

  $ 25,537   $ 25,537  

Other noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

    131,899      

Limited partners' preferred interest in the Operating Partnership and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

  $ 157,436   $ 25,537  

            We classify as temporary equity those securities for which there is the possibility that we could be required to redeem the security for cash, irrespective of the probability of such a possibility. As a result, we classify one series of preferred units and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties in temporary equity. The carrying values for those securities classified in temporary equity are summarized as follows:

 
  As of
June 30,
2016
  As of
December 31,
2015
 

7.50% Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Units, 260,000 units authorized, 255,373 issued and outstanding

  $ 25,537   $ 25,537  

Other noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

    131,899      

Total preferred units, at liquidation value, and noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

  $ 157,436   $ 25,537  

            Awards under our stock based compensation plans primarily take the form of LTIP units and restricted stock grants made under The Simon Property Group, L.P. 1998 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended, or the Plan. Restricted stock and awards under the LTIP programs are all performance based and are based on various corporate and business unit performance measures as further described below. The expense related to these programs, net of amounts capitalized, is included within home and regional office costs and general and administrative costs in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

            LTIP Programs.    Every year since 2010, the Compensation Committee of Simon's Board of Directors, or the Compensation Committee, has approved long-term, performance based incentive compensation programs, or the LTIP programs, for certain senior executive officers. Awards under the LTIP programs take the form of LTIP units, a form of limited partnership interest issued by the Operating Partnership, and will be considered earned if, and only to the extent to which, applicable total shareholder return, or TSR, performance measures are achieved during the performance period. Once earned, LTIP units are subject to a two-year vesting period. One-half of the earned LTIP units will vest on January 1 of each of the second and third years following the end of the applicable performance period, subject to the participant maintaining employment with us through those dates and certain other conditions as described in those agreements. Awarded LTIP units not earned are forfeited. Earned and fully vested LTIP units are the equivalent of units. During the performance period, participants are entitled to receive distributions on the LTIP units awarded to them equal to 10% of the regular quarterly distributions paid on a unit of the Operating Partnership. As a result, we account for these LTIP units as participating securities under the two-class method of computing earnings per share and earnings per unit.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

            The Compensation Committee approved LTIP unit grants as shown in the table below. Grant date fair values of the LTIP units are estimated using a Monte Carlo model, and the resulting expense is recorded regardless of whether the TSR performance measures are achieved if the required service is delivered. The grant date fair values are being amortized into expense over the period from the grant date to the date at which the awards, if any, would become vested. The extent to which LTIP units were earned, and the aggregate grant date fair values adjusted for estimated forfeitures, are as follows:

LTIP Program
  LTIP Units Earned   Grant Date Fair Value

2010 LTIP program

       

1-year 2010 LTIP program

  133,673   1-year program — $7.2 million

2-year 2010 LTIP program

  337,006   2-year program — $14.8 million

3-year 2010 LTIP program

  489,654   3-year program — $23.0 million

2011-2013 LTIP program

  469,848   $35.0 million

2012-2014 LTIP program

  401,203   $35.0 million

2013-2015 LTIP program

  482,779   $29.5 million

2014-2016 LTIP program

  To be determined in 2017   $30.0 million

2015-2017 LTIP program

  To be determined in 2018   $29.9 million

2016-2018 LTIP program

  To be determined in 2019   $28.8 million

            We recorded compensation expense, net of capitalization, related to these LTIP programs of approximately $13.0 million and $12.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

            Restricted Stock.    The Compensation Committee awarded 61,398 shares of restricted stock to employees during the six months ended June 30, 2016 under the Plan at a weighted-average fair market value of $208.99 per share. On May 11, 2016, our non-employee Directors were awarded an aggregate of 6,437 shares of restricted stock under the Plan at a fair market value of $203.24 per share. These shares represent a portion of the compensation we pay our non-employee Directors, and all of the shares have been placed in a non-employee Director deferred compensation account maintained by us. The grant date fair value of the employee restricted stock awards is being recognized as expense over the three-year vesting service period. The grant date fair value of the non-employees Director restricted stock awards is being recognized as expense over the one-year vesting service period. In accordance with the Operating Partnership's partnership agreement, the Operating Partnership issued an equal number of units to Simon that are subject to the same vesting conditions as the restricted stock.

            We recorded compensation expense, net of capitalization, related to restricted stock of approximately $4.6 million and $4.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

            Other Compensation Arrangements.    On July 6, 2011, in connection with the execution of an eight year employment agreement, the Compensation Committee granted David Simon, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, a retention award in the form of 1,000,000 LTIP units, or the Award, for his continued service as our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer through July 5, 2019. Effective December 31, 2013, the Award was modified, or the Current Award, and as a result the LTIP units will now become earned and eligible to vest based on the attainment of company-based performance goals, in addition to the service-based vesting requirement included in the original Award. If the relevant performance criteria are not achieved, all or a portion of the Current Award will be forfeited. The performance criteria of the Current Award are based on the attainment of certain specified funds from operations per share as defined by and as set forth in the Current Award. If the performance criteria have been met, a maximum of 360,000 LTIP units, or the A units, 360,000 LTIP units, or the B units, and 280,000 LTIP units, or the C units, may become earned on December 31, 2015, December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Based on the Company's performance in 2015, 360,000 A units were earned. The earned A units will vest on January 1, 2018, earned B units, if any, will vest on January 1, 2019 and earned C units, if any, will vest on June 30, 2019, subject to Mr. Simon's continued employment through such applicable date. The grant date fair value of the retention award of $120.3 million is being recognized as expense over the eight-year term of his employment agreement on a straight-line basis through the applicable vesting periods of the A units, B units and C units.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

            The following table provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending carrying amounts of total equity, equity attributable to common stockholders and equity attributable to noncontrolling interests:

 
  Preferred
Stock
  Common
Stock
  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
  Capital in
Excess of Par
Value
  Accumulated
Deficit
  Common
Stock
Held in
Treasury
  Noncontrolling
interests
  Total
Equity
 

January 1, 2016

  $ 43,733   $ 31   $ (252,686 ) $ 9,384,450   $ (4,266,930 ) $ (437,134 ) $ 744,905   $ 5,216,369  

Exchange of limited partner units for common shares

         
1
         
70,004
               
(70,005

)
 
 

LTIP units

                                        24,162     24,162  

Purchase and disposition of noncontrolling interests, net and other

    (164 )               (7,557 )   (12,106 )   9,993     260     (9,574 )

Adjustment to limited partners' interest from change in ownership in the Operating Partnership

                      18,965                 (18,965 )    

Distributions to common stockholders and limited partners, excluding Operating Partnership preferred interests

                            (1,000,333 )         (159,242 )   (1,159,575 )

Distributions to other noncontrolling interest partners

                                        (1,202 )   (1,202 )

Comprehensive income, excluding $957 attributable to preferred interests in the Operating Partnership and a $44 loss attributable to noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

                132,771           938,053           176,373     1,247,197  

June 30, 2016

  $ 43,569   $ 32   $ (119,915 ) $ 9,465,862   $ (4,341,316 ) $ (427,141 ) $ 696,286   $ 5,317,377  

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

            The following table provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending carrying amounts of total equity, equity attributable to partners and equity attributable to noncontrolling interests:

 
  Preferred
Units
  Simon (Managing
General Partner)
  Limited
Partners
  Noncontrolling
interests
  Total
Equity
 

January 1, 2016

  $ 43,733   $ 4,427,731   $ 741,449   $ 3,456   $ 5,216,369  

Limited partner units exchanged to units

         
70,005
   
(70,005

)
       
 

LTIP Units

                24,162           24,162  

Purchase and disposition of noncontrolling interests, net and other

    (164 )   7,662     (17,332 )   260     (9,574 )

Adjustment to limited partners' interest from change in ownership in the Operating Partnership

          1,633     (1,633 )          

Distributions to limited partners, excluding preferred interests classified as temporary equity

    (1,669 )   (998,664 )   (159,242 )   (1,202 )   (1,160,777 )

Comprehensive income, excluding $957 attributable to preferred distributions on temporary equity preferred units and a $44 loss attributable to noncontrolling redeemable interests in properties

    1,669     1,069,155     175,034     1,339     1,247,197  

June 30, 2016

  $ 43,569   $ 4,577,522   $ 692,433   $ 3,853   $ 5,317,377  

8. Commitments and Contingencies

            We are involved from time-to-time in various legal and regulatory proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business, including, but not limited to, commercial disputes, environmental matters, and litigation in connection with transactions such as acquisitions and divestitures. We believe that our current proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations. We record a liability when a loss is considered probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

            In May 2010, Opry Mills sustained significant flood damage. Insurance proceeds of $50 million have been funded by the primary insurer and remediation and restoration work has been completed. The property re-opened on March 29, 2012. The excess insurance carriers (those providing coverage above $50 million) denied our claim under the policy for additional proceeds (of up to $150 million) to pay further amounts for restoration costs and business interruption losses. In the first quarter of 2015, summary judgment was granted in our favor, concluding that up to $150 million of additional coverage is available under our excess insurance policy for this claim. In July and August 2015, trial on the damages portion of our claim was completed and the jury entered a verdict for damages in the amount of $204.1 million (inclusive of the $50.0 million previously paid by the primary carrier). In April 2016, the court entered final judgment in the amount of the jury verdict and it will bear interest from the date of the jury's verdict. We will continue our efforts through the conclusion of the pending litigation to recover our losses, including consequential damages, under the excess insurance policies for Opry Mills and we believe recovery is probable, but no assurances can be made that our efforts to recover these funds will be successful.

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
Simon Property Group, L.P.
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts
and where indicated in millions or billions)

            Joint venture debt is the liability of the applicable joint venture. The debt is typically secured by that joint venture's property and is non-recourse to us. As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Operating Partnership guaranteed joint venture related mortgage indebtedness of $317.5 million and $353.7 million, respectively (of which we have a right of recovery from our joint venture partners of $76.5 million and $112.8 million, respectively). Mortgages guaranteed by us are secured by the property of the applicable joint venture which could be sold in order to satisfy the outstanding obligation and which has an estimated fair value in excess of the guaranteed amount.

            Our U.S. Malls, Premium Outlets, and The Mills rely heavily upon anchor tenants to attract customers; however, anchor retailers do not contribute materially to our financial results as many anchor retailers own their spaces. All material operations are within the United States and no customer or tenant accounts for 5% or more of our consolidated revenues.

9. Real Estate Acquisitions and Dispositions

            During the first six months of 2016, we disposed of our interests in two multi-family residential investments, three consolidated retail properties, and one unconsolidated retail property. Gross proceeds on the consolidated retail property dispositions were $81.8 million with an aggregate gain on these dispositions of $12.3 million, The gain on the unconsolidated retail property was $2.5 million. The aggregate gain of $36.9 million from the sale of the two unconsolidated residential investments is included in other income and resulted in an additional $7.2 million in taxes included in income and other taxes.

            On April 14, 2016, as discussed further in Note 5, we acquired a 50% interest in The Shops at Crystals.

            On January 1, 2016, as discussed further in Note 5, we obtained control of the European entity that held our interest in six Designer Outlet properties, requiring a remeasurement of our previously held equity interest to fair value and a corresponding non-cash gain of $12.1 million and which also resulted in the consolidation of two of the six properties, which had been previously unconsolidated. In February 2016, we and our partner, through this European entity, acquired a noncontrolling 75.0% ownership interest in an outlet center in Ochtrup, Germany for cash consideration of approximately $38.3 million. On July 25, 2016, as further discussed in Note 5, this European entity also acquired the remaining 33% interest in outlet centers in Naples, Italy and Venice, Italy.

            On January 15, 2015, we acquired a 100% interest in Jersey Gardens (renamed The Mills at Jersey Gardens) in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and University Park Village in Fort Worth, Texas, properties previously owned by Glimcher Realty Trust, for $677.9 million of cash and the assumption of existing mortgage debt of $405.0 million. We recorded the assets and liabilities of these properties at estimated fair value at the acquisition date and the determination of fair value was finalized during the fourth quarter of 2015, resulting in a valuation of investment property of $1.1 billion, net lease related intangibles of $3.6 million and mortgage debt premiums of $17.9 million. We amortize these amounts over the estimated life of the related depreciable components of investment property, typically no greater than 40 years, the terms of the applicable leases and the applicable debt maturities, respectively.

            Unless otherwise noted, gains and losses on the above transactions are included in gain upon acquisition of controlling interests and sale or disposal of assets and interests in unconsolidated entities, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. We expense acquisition, potential acquisition and disposition related costs as they are incurred. We incurred $4.4 million in transaction costs during the first three months of 2015 in connection with the acquisitions of Jersey Gardens and University Park Village, which are included in other expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. Other than these transaction costs, we incurred a minimal amount of transaction expenses during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015.

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Item 2.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

            The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in this report.

Overview

            Simon Property Group, Inc. is a Delaware corporation that operates as a self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust, or REIT, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. REITs will generally not be liable for federal corporate income taxes as long as they distribute not less than 100% of their REIT taxable income. Simon Property Group, L.P. is our majority-owned Delaware partnership subsidiary that owns all of our real estate properties and other assets. In this discussion, unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to "Simon" mean Simon Property Group, Inc. and references to the "Operating Partnership" mean Simon Property Group, L.P. References to "we," "us" and "our" mean collectively Simon, the Operating Partnership and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by Simon and/or the Operating Partnership. According to the Operating Partnership's partnership agreement, the Operating Partnership is required to pay all expenses of Simon.

            We own, develop and manage retail real estate properties, which consist primarily of malls, Premium Outlets®, and The Mills®. As of June 30, 2016, we owned or held an interest in 207 income-producing properties in the United States, which consisted of 108 malls, 71 Premium Outlets, 14 Mills, four lifestyle centers, and 10 other retail properties in 37 states and Puerto Rico. In addition, we have redevelopment and expansion projects, including the addition of anchors, big box tenants, and restaurants, underway at over 30 properties in the United States and we have two outlets and two other significant retail projects under development. Internationally, as of June 30, 2016, we had ownership interests in nine Premium Outlets in Japan, three Premium Outlets in South Korea, two Premium Outlets in Canada, one Premium Outlet in Mexico, and one Premium Outlet in Malaysia. We also own an interest in six Designer Outlet properties in Europe and one Designer Outlet property in Canada, of which two properties are consolidated. Of the six properties in Europe, two are located in Italy and one each is located in Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. We also have four international outlet properties under development. As of June 30, 2016, we also owned a 20.3% equity stake in Klépierre SA, or Klépierre, a publicly traded, Paris-based real estate company which owns, or has an interest in, shopping centers located in 16 countries in Europe.

            We generate the majority of our revenues from leases with retail tenants including:

            Revenues of our management company, after intercompany eliminations, consist primarily of management fees that are typically based upon the revenues of the property being managed.

            We invest in real estate properties to maximize total financial return which includes both operating cash flows and capital appreciation. We seek growth in earnings, funds from operations, or FFO, and cash flows by enhancing the profitability and operation of our properties and investments. We seek to accomplish this growth through the following:

            We also grow by generating supplemental revenues from the following activities:

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            We focus on high quality real estate across the retail real estate spectrum. We expand or redevelop properties to enhance profitability and market share of existing assets when we believe the investment of our capital meets our risk-reward criteria. We selectively develop new properties in markets we believe are not adequately served by existing retail outlet properties.

            We routinely review and evaluate acquisition opportunities based on their ability to enhance our portfolio. Our international strategy includes partnering with established real estate companies and financing international investments with local currency to minimize foreign exchange risk.

            To support our growth, we employ a three-fold capital strategy:

            We consider FFO, net operating income, or NOI, portfolio NOI and comparable property NOI (NOI for properties owned and operated in both periods under comparison) to be key measures of operating performance that are not specifically defined by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP. We use these measures internally to evaluate the operating performance of our portfolio and provide a basis for comparison with other real estate companies. Reconciliations of these measures to the most comparable GAAP measure are included below in this discussion.

            Diluted earnings per share and diluted earnings per unit decreased $0.25 during the first six months of 2016 to $3.01 from $3.26 for the same period last year. The decrease in diluted earnings per share and diluted earnings per unit was primarily attributable to:

            Core business fundamentals during the first six months of 2016 improved compared to the first six months of 2015, primarily driven by strong leasing activity. Portfolio NOI grew by 7.6% for the six month period in 2016 over the prior year period. Comparable property NOI grew 4.1% for our portfolio of U.S. Malls, Premium Outlets, Lifestyle Centers and The Mills. Total sales per square foot, or psf, decreased 2.1% from $620 psf at June 30, 2015 to $607 psf at June 30, 2016, for our U.S. Malls and Premium Outlets. Average base minimum rent for U.S. Malls and Premium Outlets increased 4.9% to $50.43 psf as of June 30, 2016, from $48.07 psf as of June 30, 2015. Releasing spreads remained strong in our U.S. Malls and Premium Outlets, as we were able to lease available square feet at higher rents than the expiring rental rates on the same space, resulting in a releasing spread (based on total tenant payments — base minimum rent plus common area maintenance) of $8.88 psf ($69.04 openings compared to $60.16 closings) as of June 30, 2016, representing a 14.8%

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increase over expiring payments. Ending occupancy for our U.S. Malls and Premium Outlets was 95.9% as of June 30, 2016, as compared to 96.1% as of June 30, 2015, a decrease of 20 basis points primarily due to the effect of vacancies created as a result of tenant bankruptcies during 2015.

            Our effective overall borrowing rate at June 30, 2016 on our consolidated indebtedness decreased 43 basis points to 3.74% as compared to 4.17% at June 30, 2015. This reduction was primarily due to a decrease in the effective overall borrowing rate on fixed rate debt of 70 basis points (3.82% at June 30, 2016 as compared to 4.52% at June 30, 2015) partially offset by an increase in the effective overall borrowing rate on variable rate debt of 30 basis points (1.52% at June 30, 2016 as compared to 1.22% at June 30, 2015). At June 30, 2016, the weighted average years to maturity of our consolidated indebtedness was 6.3 years as compared to 5.9 years at December 31, 2015. Our financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 included:

            The portfolio data discussed in this overview includes the following key operating statistics: ending occupancy, average base minimum rent per square foot, and total sales per square foot for our domestic assets. We include acquired properties in this data beginning in the year of acquisition and remove disposed properties in the year of disposition. For comparative purposes, we separate the information related to The Mills from our other U.S. operations. We also do not include any information for properties located outside the United States.

            The following table sets forth these key operating statistics for:

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  June 30,
2016
  June 30,
2015
  %/Basis Points
Change (1)

U.S. Malls and Premium Outlets:

           

Ending Occupancy

           

Consolidated

  96.2%   96.4%   –20 bps

Unconsolidated

  94.9%   95.3%   –40 bps

Total Portfolio

  95.9%   96.1%   –20 bps

Average Base Minimum Rent per Square Foot

           

Consolidated

  $48.48   $46.40   4.5%

Unconsolidated

  $56.22   $53.08   5.9%

Total Portfolio

  $50.43   $48.07   4.9%

Total Sales per Square Foot

           

Consolidated

  $592   $608   –2.7%

Unconsolidated

  $657   $662   –0.8%

Total Portfolio

  $607   $620   –2.1%

The Mills:

           

Ending Occupancy

  98.7%   98.2%   +50 bps

Average Base Minimum Rent per Square Foot

  $28.12   $26.53   6.0%

Total Sales per Square Foot

  $562   $571   –1.6%

(1)
Percentages may not recalculate due to rounding. Percentage and basis point changes are representative of the change from the comparable prior period.

            Ending Occupancy Levels and Average Base Minimum Rent per Square Foot.    Ending occupancy is the percentage of gross leasable area, or GLA, which is leased as of the last day of the reporting period. We include all company owned space except for mall anchors, mall majors, mall freestanding and mall outlots in the calculation. Base minimum rent per square foot is the average base minimum rent charge in effect for the reporting period for all tenants that would qualify to be included in ending occupancy.

            Total Sales per Square Foot.    Total sales include total reported retail tenant sales on a trailing 12-month basis at owned GLA (for mall stores with less than 10,000 square feet) in the malls and The Mills and stores with less than 20,000 square feet in the Premium Outlets. Retail sales at owned GLA affect revenue and profitability levels because sales determine the amount of minimum rent that can be charged, the percentage rent realized, and the recoverable expenses (common area maintenance, real estate taxes, etc.) that tenants can afford to pay.

            During the six months ended June 30, 2016, we signed 390 new leases and 968 renewal leases (excluding mall anchors and majors, new development, redevelopment, expansion, downsizing and relocation) with a fixed minimum rent across our U.S. Malls and Premium Outlets portfolio, comprising approximately 4.3 million square feet, of which 3.2 million square feet related to consolidated properties. During the comparable period in 2015, we signed 418 new leases and 702 renewal leases with a fixed minimum rent, comprising approximately 3.4 million square feet, of which 2.6 million square feet related to consolidated properties. The average annual initial base minimum rent for new leases was $55.15 per square foot in 2016 and $53.44 per square foot in 2015 with an average tenant allowance on new leases of $43.83 per square foot and $41.66 per square foot, respectively.

            The following are selected key operating statistics for our Premium Outlets in Japan. The information used to prepare these statistics has been supplied by the managing venture partner.

 
  June 30,
2016
  June 30,
2015
  %/Basis Points
Change

Ending Occupancy

  99.8%   99.8%   +0 bps

Total Sales per Square Foot

  ¥100,783   ¥99,582   1.21%

Average Base Minimum Rent per Square Foot

  ¥5,005   ¥4,967   0.77%

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Results of Operations

            The following acquisitions, openings, and dispositions of consolidated properties affected our consolidated results from continuing operations in the comparative periods:

            The following acquisitions, dispositions and openings of joint venture properties affected our income from unconsolidated entities in the comparative periods:

            For the purposes of the following comparison between the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, the above transactions are referred to as the property transactions. In the following discussions of our results of operations, "comparable" refers to properties we owned and operated in both of the periods under comparison.

            Minimum rents increased $54.1 million during 2016, of which the property transactions accounted for $13.9 million of the increase. Comparable rents increased $40.2 million, or 5.3%, primarily attributable to an increase in base minimum rents as well as incremental revenue from our redevelopment and expansion activity. Overage rent decreased $5.8 million as a result of decreased tenant sales and an increase in the overage breakpoints as compared to 2015.

            Tenant reimbursements increased $2.8 million, primarily due to annual fixed contractual increases related to common area maintenance.

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            Total other income decreased $79.2 million, primarily due to an $80.2 million gain on the sale of marketable securities recorded in the second quarter of 2015.

            Depreciation and amortization expense increased $7.8 million primarily due to the additional depreciable assets related to the property transactions and our continued redevelopment and expansion activities.

            Interest expense decreased $17.0 million primarily due to the net impact of our financing activities during 2016 and 2015 and the reduction in our effective overall borrowing rate as previously discussed.

            Income and other taxes increased $3.7 million primarily due to taxes related to certain of our international investments.

            Income from unconsolidated entities increased $14.8 million primarily due to favorable results of operations and financing activity of joint venture properties as well as our acquisition and development activity.

            During the second quarter of 2016, we recorded a gain of $4.2 million on the sale of two consolidated retail properties and disposition of our interest in one unconsolidated retail property. During the second quarter of 2015, we disposed of our interests in two unconsolidated retail properties resulting in a gain of $16.3 million.

            Simon's net income attributable to noncontrolling interests decreased $9.6 million primarily due to a decrease in the net income of the Operating Partnership.

            Minimum rents increased $119.2 million during the first six months of 2016, of which the property transactions accounted for $27.6 million of the increase. Comparable rents increased $91.6 million, or 6.1%, primarily attributable to an increase in base minimum rents as well as incremental revenue from our redevelopment and expansion activity. Overage rent decreased $15.8 million as a result of decreased tenant sales and an increase in the overage breakpoints as compared to 2015.

            Tenant reimbursements increased $34.2 million, due to a $10.0 million increase attributable to the property transactions and a $24.2 million, or 3.5%, increase in the comparable properties due to annual fixed contractual increases related to common area maintenance and real estate tax recoveries.

            Total other income decreased $43.6 million, primarily due to an $80.2 million gain on the sale of marketable securities recorded during 2015, partially offset by a $36.9 million pre-tax gain on the sale of our investments in two multi-family residential investments during 2016.

            Depreciation and amortization expense increased $20.3 million primarily due to the additional depreciable assets related to the property transactions and our continued redevelopment and expansion activities.

            Interest expense decreased $30.0 million primarily due to the net impact of our financing activities during 2016 and 2015 and the reduction in our effective overall borrowing rate as previously discussed.

            Income and other taxes increased $12.5 million as a result of taxes due on the sale of one of the multi-family residential investments and taxes related to certain of our international investments.

            Income from unconsolidated entities increased $40.5 million primarily due to favorable results of operations and financing activity of joint venture properties as well as our acquisition and development activity.

            In the first half of 2016, we recorded a gain of $14.8 million on the sale of three consolidated retail properties anddisposition of our interest in one unconsolidated retail property.. We also recorded a non-cash remeasurement gain of $12.1 million related to the change in control of our interest in the European outlet properties as further discussed in Note 5 of the accompanying condensed notes to consolidated financial statements. In the first half of 2015, we disposed of our interests in two unconsolidated retail properties resulting in a gain of $16.3 million, and we recorded a $206.9 million non-cash gain on Klépierre's acquisition of Corio, also as discussed in Note 5.

            Simon's net income attributable to noncontrolling interests decreased $20.1 million primarily due to a decrease in the net income of the Operating Partnership.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

            Because we own long-lived income-producing assets, our financing strategy relies primarily on long-term fixed rate debt. Floating rate debt comprised only 3.1% of our total consolidated debt at June 30, 2016. We also enter into interest rate protection agreements to manage our interest rate risk. We derive most of our liquidity from positive net cash flow from

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operations and distributions of capital from unconsolidated entities that totaled $2.0 billion during the six months ended June 30, 2016. In addition, the Credit Facilities and the Commercial Paper program provide alternative sources of liquidity as our cash needs vary from time to time. Borrowing capacity under these sources may be increased as discussed further below.

            Our balance of cash and cash equivalents increased $183.1 million during the first six months of 2016 to $884.3 million as of June 30, 2016 as further discussed in "Cash Flows" below.

            On June 30, 2016, we had an aggregate available borrowing capacity of $6.2 billion under the Credit Facilities, net of outstanding borrowings of $341.6 million and amounts outstanding under the Commercial Paper program of $910.4 million and letters of credit of $6.8 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, the maximum aggregate amount outstanding under the Credit Facilities was $1.5 billion and the weighted average amount outstanding was $715.8 million. The weighted average interest rate was 0.93% for the six months ended June 30, 2016. Further, on April 6, 2016, the Operating Partnership amended the Supplemental Facility to, among other matters, (i) exercise its $750.0 million accordion feature such that the Supplemental Facility's borrowing capacity has been increased from $2.75 billion to $3.50 billion and (ii) add a new $750.0 million accordian feature to permit us to further increase the Supplemental Facility's borrowing capacity to $4.25 billion during its term.

            Simon has historically had access to public equity markets and the Operating Partnership has historically had access to private and public long and short-term unsecured debt markets and access to secured debt and private equity from institutional investors at the property level.

            Our business model and Simon's status as a REIT require us to regularly access the debt markets to raise funds for acquisition, development and redevelopment activity, and to refinance maturing debt. Simon may also, from time to time, access the equity capital markets to accomplish our business objectives. We believe we have sufficient cash on hand and availability under the Credit Facilities and the Commercial Paper program to address our debt maturities and capital needs through 2016.

Cash Flows

            Our net cash flow from operating activities and distributions of capital from unconsolidated entities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 totaled $2.0 billion. In addition, we had net proceeds from our debt financing and repayment activities of $139.9 million in 2016. These activities are further discussed below under "Financing and Debt." During the first six months of 2016, we also:

            In general, we anticipate that cash generated from operations will be sufficient to meet operating expenses, monthly debt service, recurring capital expenditures, and dividends to stockholders and/or distributions to partners necessary to maintain Simon's REIT qualification on a long-term basis. In addition, we expect to be able to generate or obtain capital for nonrecurring capital expenditures, such as acquisitions, major building redevelopments and expansions, as well as for scheduled principal maturities on outstanding indebtedness, from:

            We expect to generate positive cash flow from operations in 2016, and we consider these projected cash flows in our sources and uses of cash. These cash flows are principally derived from rents paid by our retail tenants. A significant deterioration in projected cash flows from operations could cause us to increase our reliance on available funds from the Credit Facilities, curtail planned capital expenditures, or seek other additional sources of financing as discussed above.

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Financing and Debt

            At June 30, 2016, our unsecured debt consisted of $15.3 billion of senior unsecured notes of the Operating Partnership, net of discounts, $216.6 million outstanding under the Operating Partnership's Credit Facility, $125.0 million outstanding under the Supplemental Facility, and $910.4 million outstanding under the Commercial Paper program. The June 30, 2016 balance on the Credit Facility included $216.6 million (U.S. dollar equivalent) of Yen-denominated borrowings. Foreign currency denominated borrowings under the Credit Facility are designated as net investment hedges of a portion of our international investments.

            On June 30, 2016, we had an aggregate available borrowing capacity of $6.2 billion under the Credit Facility and Supplemental Facility. The maximum aggregate outstanding balance under the Credit Facilities during the six months ended June 30, 2016 was $1.5 billion and the weighted average outstanding balance was $715.8 million. Letters of credit of $6.8 million were outstanding under the Credit Facilities as of June 30, 2016.

            The Credit Facility's initial borrowing capacity of $4.0 billion may be increased to $5.0 billion during its term and provides for borrowings denominated in U.S. dollars, Euros, Yen, Sterling, Canadian dollars and Australian dollars. Borrowings in currencies other than the U.S. dollar are limited to 75% of the maximum revolving credit amount, as defined. The initial maturity date of the Credit Facility is June 30, 2018 and can be extended for an additional year to June 30, 2019 at our sole option, subject to our continued compliance with the terms thereof. The base interest rate on the Credit Facility is LIBOR plus 80 basis points with an additional facility fee of 10 basis points.

            On April 6, 2016, the Operating Partnership amended the Supplemental Facility to, among other matters, (i) exercise its $750.0 million accordion feature such that the Supplemental Facility's borrowing capacity has been increased from $2.75 billion to $3.50 billion and (ii) add a new $750.0 million accordian feature to permit us to further increase the Supplemental Facility's borrowing capacity to $4.25 billion during its term. The initial maturity date of the Supplemental Facility is June 30, 2019 and can be extended for an additional year to June 30, 2020 at our sole option, subject to our continued compliance with the terms thereof. The base interest rate on the Supplemental Facility is LIBOR plus 80 basis points with an additional facility fee of 10 basis points. The Supplemental Facility provides for borrowings denominated in U.S. dollars, Euro, Yen, Sterling, Canadian dollars and Australian dollars.

            The maximum aggregate program size of the Commercial Paper program is $1.0 billion, or the non-U.S. dollar equivalent thereof. The Operating Partnership may issue unsecured commercial paper notes, denominated in U.S. dollars, Euros and other currencies. Notes issued in non-U.S. currencies may be issued by one or more subsidiaries of the Operating Partnership and are guaranteed by the Operating Partnership. Notes will be sold under customary terms in the U.S. and Euro commercial paper note markets and will rank (either by themselves or as a result of the guarantee described above) pari passu with the Operating Partnership's other unsecured senior indebtedness. The Commercial Paper program is supported by the Credit Facility and the Supplemental Facility and if necessary or appropriate, we may make one or more draws under either the Credit Facility or the Supplemental Facility to pay amounts outstanding from time to time on the Commercial Paper program. On June 30, 2016, we had $910.4 million outstanding under the Commercial Paper program fully comprised of U.S. dollar denominated notes with a weighted average interest rate of 0.55%. The borrowings mature on various dates from July 1, 2016 to September 22, 2016 and reduce amounts otherwise available under the Credit Facilities.

            On January 13, 2016, the Operating Partnership issued $550.0 million of senior unsecured notes at a fixed interest rate of 2.50% with a maturity date of July 15, 2021 and $800.0 million of senior unsecured notes at a fixed interest rate of 3.30% with a maturity date of January 15, 2026. Proceeds from the unsecured notes offering were used to pay down the Credit Facility, unencumber three properties and redeem senior unsecured notes at par in February 2016.

            On May 13, 2016, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership issued €500 million ($566.7 million U.S. dollar equivalent) of senior unsecured notes at a fixed interest rate of 1.25% with a maturity date of May 13, 2025. Proceeds from the unsecured notes offering were used to pay down the Euro-denominated borrowings on the Credit Facilities and to repay at maturity the Euro-denominated borrowings under the Commercial Paper program, and for general corporate purposes.

            During the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Operating Partnership redeemed at par $163.3 million of senior unsecured notes with a fixed interest rate of 6.10%.

            Total mortgage indebtedness was $6.4 billion and $6.6 billion at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

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            During the six months ended June 30, 2016, we repaid $546.8 million in mortgage loans, with a weighted average interest rate of 7.31%, unencumbering four properties. On January 1, 2016, as discussed in Note 5, we consolidated the European entity that held our interests in six Designer Outlet properties, as we obtained control of the entity. This resulted in the consolidation of two of the six operating properties — Parndorf Designer Outlet and Roermond Designer Outlet, subject to existing fixed rate mortgage loans of $102.4 million and $200.3 million, respectively (both amounts U.S. dollar equivalent). The loans mature on May 20, 2022 and December 1, 2021 and bear interest at 1.95% and 1.86%, respectively.

            Our unsecured debt agreements contain financial and other non-financial covenants. If we fail to comply with these covenants, after the expiration of the applicable cure periods, the debt maturity could be accelerated or other remedies could be sought by the lender, including adjustments to the applicable interest rate. As of June 30, 2016, we were in compliance with all covenants of our unsecured debt.

            At June 30, 2016, we are the borrowers under 44 non-recourse mortgage notes secured by mortgages on 47 properties, including two separate pools of cross-defaulted and cross-collateralized mortgages encumbering a total of five properties. Under these cross-default provisions, a default under any mortgage included in the cross-defaulted pool may constitute a default under all mortgages within that pool and may lead to acceleration of the indebtedness due on each property within the pool. Certain of our secured debt instruments contain financial and other non-financial covenants which are specific to the properties that serve as collateral for that debt. If the applicable borrower under these non-recourse mortgage notes fails to comply with these covenants, the lender could accelerate the debt and enforce its right against their collateral. At June 30, 2016, the applicable borrowers under these non-recourse mortgage notes were in compliance with all covenants where non-compliance could individually, or giving effect to applicable cross-default provisions in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

            Our consolidated debt, adjusted to reflect outstanding derivative instruments, and the effective weighted average interest rates as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, consisted of the following (dollars in thousands):

Debt Subject to
  Adjusted Balance
as of
June 30, 2016
  Effective
Weighted
Average
Interest Rate (1)
  Adjusted
Balance as of
December 31, 2015
  Effective
Weighted
Average
Interest Rate (1)
 

Fixed Rate

  $ 22,200,349     3.82 % $ 20,330,880     4.12 %

Variable Rate

    723,592     1.52 %   2,085,802     1.50 %

  $ 22,923,941     3.74 % $ 22,416,682     3.88 %

(1)
Excludes the impact of net discounts and debt issue costs.

            There have been no material changes to our outstanding capital expenditure and lease commitments previously disclosed in the separate 2015 Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Simon and the Operating Partnership.

            In regards to long-term debt arrangements, the following table summarizes the material aspects of these future obligations on our consolidated indebtedness as of June 30, 2016, for the remainder of 2016 and subsequent years thereafter (dollars in thousands), assuming the obligations remain outstanding through initial maturities, including applicable exercise of available extension options:

 
  2016   2017 - 2018   2019 - 2020   After 2020   Total  

Long Term Debt (1)

  $ 1,440,183   $ 3,834,022   $ 4,900,466   $ 12,856,687   $ 23,031,358  

Interest Payments (2)

    434,922     1,467,009     1,154,798     2,815,571     5,872,300  

(1)
Represents principal maturities only and, therefore, excludes net discounts of $14,332 and debt issue costs of $93,085.

(2)
Variable rate interest payments are estimated based on the LIBOR rate at June 30, 2016.

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            Our off-balance sheet arrangements consist primarily of our investments in joint ventures which are common in the real estate industry and are described in Note 5 of the condensed notes to our consolidated financial statements. Our joint ventures typically fund their cash needs through secured debt financings obtained by and in the name of the joint venture entity. The joint venture debt is secured by a first mortgage, is without recourse to the joint venture partners, and does not represent a liability of the partners, except to the extent the partners or their affiliates expressly guarantee the joint venture debt. As of June 30, 2016, the Operating Partnership guaranteed joint venture-related mortgage indebtedness of $317.5 million (of which we have a right of recovery from our joint venture partners of $76.5 million). Mortgages guaranteed by us are secured by the property of the applicable joint venture which could be sold in order to satisfy the outstanding obligation and which has an estimated fair value in excess of the guaranteed amount. We may elect to fund cash needs of a joint venture through equity contributions (generally on a basis proportionate to our ownership interests), advances or partner loans, although such fundings are not typically required contractually or otherwise.

Acquisitions and Dispositions

            Buy-sell, marketing rights, and other exit mechanisms are common in real estate partnership agreements. Most of our partners are institutional investors who have a history of direct investment in retail real estate. We and our partners in our joint venture properties may initiate these provisions (subject to any applicable lock up or similar restrictions). If we determine it is in our stockholders'/unitholders' best interests for us to purchase the joint venture interest and we believe we have adequate liquidity to execute the purchase without hindering our cash flows, then we may initiate these provisions or elect to buy our partner's interest. If we decide to sell any of our joint venture interests, we expect to use the net proceeds to reduce outstanding indebtedness or to reinvest in development, redevelopment, or expansion opportunities.

            Acquisitions.    On January 15, 2015, we acquired a 100% interest in Jersey Gardens (renamed The Mills at Jersey Gardens) in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and University Park Village in Fort Worth, Texas, properties previously owned by Glimcher Realty Trust, for $677.9 million of cash and the assumption of existing mortgage debt of $405.0 million.

            In February 2016, we and our partner, through our European investee, acquired a noncontrolling 75.0% ownership interest in an outlet center in Ochtrup, Germany for cash consideration of approximately $38.3 million. On July 25, 2016, this European entity also acquired the remaining 33% interest in outlet centers in Naples, Italy and Venice, Italy as well as the remaining interests in related expansion projects and working capital for cash consideration of approximately €145.5 million. This will result in the consolidation of these two properties on the acquisition date and will be accounted for as a step acquisition, requiring a remeasurement of our previously held equity interest to fair value and the recognition of a non-cash gain in earnings during the third quarter of 2016.

            On April 14, 2016, we and our joint venture partner completed the acquisition of The Shops at Crystals, a 262,000 square foot luxury shopping center on the Las Vegas Strip, for $1.1 billion. The transaction was funded with a combination of cash on hand, cash from our partner, and a $550.0 million 3.74% fixed-rate mortgage financing that will mature on July 1, 2026. We have a 50% noncontrolling interest in this joint venture and will manage the day-to-day operations.

            Dispositions.    We continue to pursue the disposition of properties that no longer meet our strategic criteria or that are not a primary retail venue within their trade area.

            During the first six months of 2016, we disposed of our interests in two multi-family residential investments, three consolidated retail properties, and one unconsolidated retail property. Gross proceeds on the consolidated retail property dispositions were $81.8 million with an aggregate gain on these dispositions of $12.3 million, The gain on the unconsolidated retail property was $2.5 million. The aggregate gain of $36.9 million from the sale of the two unconsolidated residential investments is included in other income and resulted in an additional $7.2 million in taxes included in income and other taxes.

Joint Venture Formation Activity

            On April 13, 2015, we announced a joint venture with Sears Holdings, or Sears, whereby Sears contributed 10 of its properties located at our malls to the joint venture in exchange for a 50% noncontrolling interest in the joint venture. We contributed $114.0 million in cash in exchange for a 50% noncontrolling interest in the joint venture. Sears or its affiliates are leasing back each of the 10 properties from the joint venture. The joint venture has the right to recapture not less than 50% of the space leased to Sears to be used for purposes of redeveloping and releasing the recaptured space. We will provide development, leasing and management services to the joint venture for any recaptured space. On July 7, 2015, we separately invested approximately $33.0 million in exchange for 1,125,760 common shares of Seritage Growth Properties,

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or Seritage, a public REIT formed by Sears, which we account for as an available-for-sale security. Seritage now holds Sears' interest in the joint venture.

            On July 22, 2015, we closed on our previously announced joint venture with HBC, to which HBC contributed 42 properties in the U.S. and we committed to contribute $100.0 million for improvements to the properties contributed by HBC in exchange for a noncontrolling equity interest in HBS. As of June 30, 2016, we have funded $8.8 million of this commitment. On September 30, 2015, HBC announced it had closed on the acquisition of Galeria Holding, the parent company of Germany's leading department store, Kaufhof. In conjunction with the closing, HBS acquired 41 Kaufhof properties in Germany from HBC. All of the properties have been leased to affiliates of HBC. We contributed an additional $178.5 million to HBS upon closing of the Galeria Holding transaction. Our noncontrolling equity interest in HBS is approximately 9.3% at June 30, 2016.

Development Activity

            On June 24, 2016, we and our partner opened a 355,000 square foot outlet center located in Columbus, Ohio. We own a 50% noncontrolling interest in this center. Our share of the cost of this project is approximately $47.5 million.

            During the second quarter of 2016, construction began on Norfolk Premium Outlets, a 332,000 square foot center in Norfolk, Virginia scheduled to open in June 2017. We own a 65% noncontrolling interest in this project. Our estimated share of the cost of this project is $69.6 million.

            In addition, construction, which began in 2015, continues on the following properties: